Rybnoe, Russia

Rybnoye is a city in Russia, the administrative center of the Rybnovsky district of the Ryazan region. Satellite city of Ryazan.



St. John the Theologian Monastery;
Beekeeping Museum-Exhibition at the Beekeeping Research Institute;
Station-museum "Divovo";
House-museum of the Pirogov brothers;
Monument to the Labor Feat of Women;
Museum of the Horse Breeding Research Institute;
Savannah Bird World Farm;
Church of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God;
Museum of Poshupov toys;
Rybnovsky District Museum of Local Lore



Located in the interfluve of the Vozha and its right tributary Dubyanka, 21 km northwest of Ryazan. Population - 21,069[1] people. (2021).


Natural area and climate

The city is located in the northeastern part of the Central Russian Upland, in a natural zone of deciduous forests. The soils are of the gray forest type. The prevailing climate is moderate continental. The warmest month is July, with an average temperature of about 19.1 °C, and the coldest month is January, with an average temperature of about −10.1 °C.

The average annual precipitation is 573 mm.



The village of Rybino (later Rybnoye) was first mentioned in scribe books in 1597. The name of the city is associated with fishing on the Vozha River. Not far from Rybnoye, in the floodplain of the Vozha and its tributary Mechi, in August 1378, Russian troops led by the Moscow prince Dmitry Ivanovich defeated the Horde troops.

The village owes its rapid growth in the 19th century to the construction and commissioning of the Moscow-Ryazan railway in 1864. Local landowner Bulygin created an exemplary cattle breeding farm here. At the beginning of the 20th century, Rybnoye was the center of the Rybnovsky volost of the Ryazan district.

Since 1947, Rybnoye received the status of a working village, and since 1961 - the status of a city. The village of Poltevo and part of the village of Khodynino were included in the city.

Not far from Rybnoye, in the village of Konstantinovo, the poet S. A. Yesenin was born. Today there is a state museum-reserve there.


Urban structure

The railway divides the city into two parts: western and eastern. The western part is located between the railway and the M5 Ural highway. This is the more populated part of the city, the Cheryomushki microdistrict is located here, and new residential complexes are being built. In the south of the western part there are several cottage villages “Khodyninsky Dvoriki”. The eastern part is mainly the former territories of the villages of Rybnoye, Poltevo and Khodynino. The most developed area here is adjacent to Pochtovaya Street and Lenin Square: almost all municipal administrative institutions of the city and district are located here. Almost the entire rest of the eastern part of the city is private sector.



Rybnoye is one of 11 urban settlements in the Ryazan region that belong to the category of small towns with a diversified industrial structure. Basic sectors of urban industry: food and processing industries, electric power, as well as light industry, supporting the activities of the population in the provision of services.

The city is home to 38 industrial enterprises, employing more than 2,500 people. The food industry is represented by two main enterprises for the processing and processing of agricultural products. This is the Rybnovsky dairy and bread plant, specializing in the production of bakery and pasta products. The development of the food and processing industry is envisaged through the reconstruction of existing enterprises. One of such enterprises in the city is the open joint-stock company “Rybnoehleboprodukt”, founded in 1929.

One of the largest enterprises in the city's construction industry is the Stroyservis company, which is engaged in the construction of buildings and structures, as well as the production of concrete and other mortars. In total, about 380 people are involved in the city’s construction industry. The city's construction complex actively supports the implementation of the national program to provide the population with affordable and comfortable housing.

The city also has a medical equipment plant, specializing in the production of medical furniture, and the Bervel production company, which produces high-strength fasteners.

Not far from the city there is a large vegetable storage facility “Ungor”.



Rybnoye is a city of railway workers; one of the largest marshalling stations of the Moscow Railway is located here, processing freight trains from the Moscow, Kuibyshev and South-Eastern Railways.

The federal highway M5 “Ural” and a network of regional highways pass through the city.


Ground passenger transport

Passenger transport is represented by suburban electric trains and buses, mainly of small and medium capacity (so-called minibuses).

Electric trains connect the city with the regional center (13 pairs of regular electric trains and 3-5 pairs of express electric trains Moscow-Ryazan), as well as with Moscow and the cities of the Moscow region: Lukhovitsy, Kolomna, Voskresensky, Ramensky, Zhukovsky, Lyubertsy (4 direct electric trains to Moscow , 3-4 express electric trains Ryazan-Moscow, as well as 3 electric trains to Golutvin station). Also, 3 pairs of passenger electric trains pass through the city, following further along the Rybnoye-Uzunovo chord line and connecting the city with the settlements of the Rybnovsky district, as well as the Zaraisky and Serebryano-Prudsky urban districts of the Moscow region.

There are four passenger railway stops in the city:
Rybnoye station (all electric trains stop, including express trains);
Khodynino platform (all electric trains stop, except express trains);
Locomotive Depot platform (electric trains stop, except express trains and direct Ryazan-Moscow electric trains);
Dwelling Houses platform (all electric trains stop, except express trains).

The distance between stopping points is record-breakingly small (from 800 to 1600 meters), which allows us to consider passing electric trains as urban transport.

Two bus routes connect Rybnoye with Ryazan: one follows along the western part of the city and further along the M5 highway to the Central bus station, the other along the eastern part, follows through the villages of Khodynino and Perekal to the trolleybus stop "Combine Plant". Also, several transit routes pass through the city, connecting Ryazan with the villages of the Rybnovsky district. In addition, there are several suburban bus routes connecting Rybnoye with populated areas of the region.

Intracity transport is represented by a single low-capacity bus route connecting all major areas of the city.


Water transport

The nearest navigable waterway, the Oka River, flows 18-20 km from the city (along roads). The rivers Vozha and Dubyanka flowing through the city are not navigable.


Education and science

The city's educational network is represented by preschool and general education institutions, the city library and the Palace of Culture, as well as the Ryazan Railway College.

There are two federal research institutes in Rybnoye and not far from the city. All-Russian Research Institute of Horse Breeding of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, organized in May 1930, and All-Russian Research Institute of Beekeeping, transferred to Rybnoye in 1954.