Hotels, motels and where to sleep


Description of Ukhta

Ukhta (Komi Ukva) is a city (since 1943) in the Komi Republic of the Russian Federation. It forms urban district "Ukhta". It is the second largest city in the republic. Russia's first oil production began on the Ukhta River.


Travel Destinations in Ukhta


State Museum "Nature of the Earth", opened April 30, 1948; the museum has a large collection of fish, shellfish and insects; the founder of the museum was Kirill Fedorovich Sedykh;
Ukhta Regional History Museum of Oil and Gas (Mira Street, 5b) with the office of A. Ya. Krems (Krems Street, 3);
The complex of exhibition halls of OOO Gazprom transgaz Ukhta (Prospekt Lenina, 50), opened on November 14, 2003;
Museum of memory of the Chernobyl disaster April 26, 1986.



Ukhta People's Drama Theater directed by Vera Mikhailovna Goy (founded in 1934);
Theater-studio "Frescoes" (at Ukhta State Technical University);
Ukhta Exemplary Theater "Rovesnik";
Theater Studio "Friendship".



Surrounded on all sides by the spurs of Timan, Ukhta is beautiful in its own way, especially that part of the city that was built in 1952-1958 according to the designs of imprisoned architects P. K. Murzin and N. P. Zhizhimontov. The ensemble of Mira Street and the neighborhoods adjacent to it, called the “Old Town” by the residents of the city, captivates with its warmth, architectural unity, color scheme, its special inclusion of architectural details, landscaping and landscaping.

Separate buildings and structures fit into the development of Ukhta as beautiful monuments: in 1946, according to the project of L. I. Konstantinova, a mining and oil technical school was built, in 1949, according to the project of N. F. Rybin, a railway technical school.

According to the projects of N.P. Zhizhimontov and P.K. Murzin, the Office of the Ukhtkombinat (1950) was built on the sharp corner of Oktyabrskaya and Pervomaiskaya streets with a rotunda and pylons, the Central House of Culture of Oil Workers (1951). In 1953, according to the project of A.F. Orlov, the building of the city executive committee was built with columns in the center and risalits on the sides of the facade.

The building of the Palace of Science and Technology (architect O. G. Ni) became one of the best built in Ukhta at the beginning of the 21st century.

Sports and physical culture
Swimming pool "Youth";
Swimming pool "Planet University";
Sports complex "Neftyanik";
Sports complex "Burevestnik";
Sports complex "USK Ukhta";
Sports complex "Center of power sports of Ukhta" TsVSU "";
"Ice Palace of Sports" named after S. Kapustin;
Municipal Institution "Sports School No. 1";
Municipal institution "Sports School No. 2".
sports teams
MFC "Ukhta";
BC "Planet-University".


Monuments of nature

Rocky outcrops of the Timan Ridge with remains of vegetation and relic insects along the banks of the rivers Ukhta, Sedyu, Domanika, Chuti.
Outcrops with minerals and fossils of the Devonian, Carboniferous and Jurassic periods on the Ukhta, Domanik, Chut, Sedyu, Syuzyu, Izhma, Badioli rivers.
Karst (karst hollows, sinkholes, caves and disappearing rivers and streams) on the Timan, on the Chuti, Sedyu, Izhma, Ukhta, Ukhtarka rivers.
Ukhta geological monument, created on March 29, 1984. It is located along the Ukhta River from the Sirachoy tract to the mouth of the river. The sediments of the lower part of the Ukhta Formation of the Frasnian Stage of the Upper Devonian are limestones and dolomites with interlayers of clays, siltstones, less often sandstones. Has scientific value.
The Lyayolsky geological monument is located in the middle reaches of the Lyayol River and in the lower reaches of the Sedyu River - the left tributaries of the Izhma River. The primary outcrops of the Frasnian stage of the Upper Devonian: the Lyayolskaya suite, are represented by Domanik-type limestones, bituminous marls. A unique co-occurrence of deep sea and normal marine fossil fauna: ammonoids, brachiopods, ostracods, conodonts, spores and pollen.
It has exceptional scientific value.
Neftyolsky geological monument, established on March 29, 1984. It is located on the right bank of the Ukhta River between the mouths of the Neftiel Creek and the Yarega River. The stratotypical section of the Timan Formation of the Upper Devonian is represented by variegated clays with thin lenses and interlayers of organogenic limestone. Rich complex of brachiopods, pelicepods, gastropods, ostracods, conodonts.
Chutinsky geological monument, created on March 29, 1984. It is located on the right bank of the Ukhta River near the mouth of the Yarega River, on the right bank of the latter, 1 km from the mouth and on the left bank of its tributary, the Chut River, in the area of the bridge. The section of the stratotypical Upper Devonian Ust-Yarega Formation is represented by deposits of greenish-gray clays with interlayers of knotty organogenic limestones. A rich complex of fossil fauna of marine organisms: brachiopods, ostracods, corals, etc.
The Chutinsky complex reserve was established on October 24, 1967 to preserve favorable conditions for the reproduction of valuable game animals. It is located in the upper reaches of the Chut River, the left tributary of the Ukhta River. Spruce and pine forests, bilberry, long moss and sphagnum forests predominate. There are larch-blueberries. The height of the stand is 12–18 m, maximum up to 30 m, the average diameter of pine is up to 22, spruce is 20–24, larch is up to 24 cm.
Belaya Kedva, a complex reserve. It is of particular value; multiple populations of rare species of plants, lichens, vertebrates and invertebrates have been found on its territory.
Paraskina lakes, Ukhtarka, Ukhta, lake Ust-Ukhta.
Mineral springs with healing water located near the city.



It arose in 1929 as a settlement of oil workers at the confluence of the Chibyu River into the Ukhta River and was first called Chibyu. In 1939, the village was renamed Ukhta, since 1943 - the city. The hydronym Ukhta has an ancient Finno-Yropian origin, as evidenced by the widespread use of the names "Ukhta" and its variant "Okhta" in the hydronymy of the North of the European part of Russia. Apparently, there was a term "Ukhta", meaning "river, channel".



In the Middle Ages, the lands of the current Komi Republic were part of the possessions of the Novgorod Republic, at the end of the 15th century they were transferred to the Moscow principality. The most important commodity exported outside the territory was furs. Due to the harsh climate and the lack of year-round communications, the territory remained sparsely populated for a long time, although oil finds here were known as early as the 15th century.


The first written mention of obtaining oil in Russia

In Russia, the first written mention of obtaining oil appeared in the 16th century. Travelers described how tribes living along the banks of the Ukhta River in the north of the Timan-Pechora oil and gas province collected oil from the surface of the river and used it for medical purposes and as oils and lubricants. Oil collected from the Ukhta River was first delivered to Moscow in 1597.

The beginning of the Ukhta oil fields, located on the Ukhta and its tributaries Chuti, Yareg, Nizhny Domanik, Chibyu and Lyayol, was laid in the 1620s.

In 1745, the ore prospector G. I. Cherepanov “found” an oil spring that flowed from the bottom of the river. Probably, on its basis, the Arkhangelsk ore prospector Fyodor Savelyevich Pryadunov founded the oil field. In 1745, the Berg Collegium, established by Peter the Great in 1719 to manage mining, allowed the foundation of the first oil "factory" in Russia on Ukhta, which in 1753 passed to the Vologda merchant A. I. Nagavikov, and then to the Yaren merchant M S. Bazhenov.


XVIII-XX centuries

Oil was extracted periodically by scooping from the river surface and from coastal pits. The annual collection ranged from 0.1 tons (1749) to 0.86 tons (1758). In total, up to 1767, 3.6 tons of oil were produced. In 1748, oil from the Ukhta River was delivered to Moscow, where it was distilled in the laboratory of the Berg Collegium.

In the 19th - early 20th centuries, most of the territory of the current urban district was part of the Pechora district of the Arkhangelsk province.

In 1868, at the expense of M.K. Sidorov, the drilling of a well began, which was continued in 1872-1873 to a depth of 52.9 m. universities, museums, was used for experiments, as fuel on steamships intended for sailing along the Pechora River and the seas of the Arctic Ocean.


20th century

Revival came in 1907, when Captain Yu. A. Voronov drilled a well on the Yarega River, and General A. I. Abakovsky and others on the Chuti River.

In 1911-1913, an exploration expedition of the Mining Department led by engineer V. I. Stukachev worked at the Ukhta oil fields. She drilled 4 wells, along with oil received an influx of gas.

In 1914, A. G. Gansberg created the so-called Varvara field, where he drilled, produced oil and built an oil refinery (kerosene) plant, which operated until 1924.

In 1914-1917, exploration was carried out by the Russian partnership "Neft".

In 1918, the Ukhta oil fields were nationalized.

In 1920-1921, the Arkhangelsk Provincial Council of the National Economy organized and established artisanal oil production from wells.

During the years of Soviet power, with the formation of the Komi Autonomous Region, the main part of the territory of the region was part of the Pechora District, and when the Komi Autonomous Region was zoned in 1929, these lands entered the Izhmo-Pechora Region, then - Izhemsky. On July 31, 1939, the Izhemsky District was divided into the Izhemsky and Ukhtinsky Districts.


Foundation of the city

In 1929, the OGPU sent a large expedition to Ukhta. From Arkhangelsk, the expedition arrived by sea on a steamboat at the mouth of the Pechora, then by river boats to the village of Shchelyayur, and then to the village of Izhma, where the equipment was again overloaded, and the expedition set off up the Izhma and Ukhta rivers.

On August 21, 1929, the expedition, which included 125 people - prisoners (political, criminals, "household workers"), dispossessed, exiled, civilian workers, security guards - arrived at the mouth of the Chibyu River.

The construction of the village began, which received the name Chibyu (since 1939 - Ukhta).

By the time the expedition arrived, there were only two old buildings on the shore. A 12-hour working day was introduced without days off, logging for buildings was carried out, a telephone line was laid to Ust-Ukhta.

In October and December 1929, 2 more stages of prisoners arrived, and by the beginning of 1930, according to the Ukhta local historian and historian A. N. Kaneva, there were about 200 people here. For six months, 2 barracks, a kitchen, a punishment cell and other buildings were erected. In November 1929, the camp power structure took shape; Ya. M. Moroz was the head of the camp point. In official documents, the Chibyu Labor Colony was called the Base of the Ukhta Expedition of the OGPU.

In October 1929, a prominent geologist N. N. Tikhonovich arrived in Ukhta. The expedition drilled several shallow structural wells. By the spring of 1930, a drilling rig (No. 5) was built. In the autumn of 1930, the well produced a commercial flow of Devonian oil.

At the same time, a chemical laboratory was built 20 km from Chibyu (now the village of Vodny), in which radioactive water, natural and associated gases, and drilling processes were studied. As a result, in 1931, it was possible to organize a fishery, in which radium concentrate for the first time in world practice began to be extracted from underground mineralized waters (the fishery was called Water Fishery; later the word “fishery” fell out of use, the settlement became known as the Water Village, and then officially - the village of Vodny).

Soon the construction of the Ust-Vym-Ukhta highway with a length of 260 kilometers was begun, then the Kotlas-Vorkuta railway. Ukhta oil received access to the industrial centers of the country.

On June 6, 1931, on the basis of the Ukhta expedition of the OGPU, as a result of the reorganization of the Administration of the Northern Camps of the OGPU for Special Purposes (USEVLON, USLON, SEVLON), Ukhtpechlag was created. According to the book by Algirdas Sherenas "Vorkuta death camps", the head of the "Stalin camps of the Komi ASSR", the number of UHTPECLag is about 90,000 people.

In 1932, a small power plant was built to illuminate the village, the first school for civilian children was opened, a working camp for special settlers and colonized people was laid, a state farm 1 km from the mouth of Chibyu (in Ydzhyd).

In 1936, Chibyu had two-story wooden houses for civilians and colonized, barracks for prisoners, a school, an educational building and a hostel for a mountain technical school, a theater club (a theater troupe of prisoners was organized in the camp), a park with a summer theater, a department store, a stadium, canteen, hotel, water supply, sewerage, radio network operated.

In 1937, there were 1,220 civilian employees in Chibyu. On October 26, 1938, the village of Chibyu in the Izhemsky district of the Pechora district of the Komi ASSR was transformed into a working settlement; the camp authorities gave way to the leadership of the civil administration.

In 1939-1940, according to A. Sivkova, the leadership of the Komi ASSR put forward the idea of moving the capital of the republic from Syktyvkar to Ukhta, 333 km northeast of Syktyvkar, in order to bring the republican authorities closer to the northern regions, the development of which was actively carried out in this time; it was assumed that the transfer of the capital would contribute to the "further advancement of culture to the north." The arrangement of the new capital of the Komi ASSR was to be carried out in 3 years by the forces of prisoners gathered from all the camps of the republic. The Council of People's Commissars of the USSR postponed consideration of this proposal until 1941, and the outbreak of war prevented the implementation of the plan.

In the prewar years, the first heavy oil mine was built at the Yaregskoye field. Significant reserves of natural gas have been explored at the Sedyolskoye field. In 1941, for the first time in the country, industrial gas production began, as well as the industrial production of channel soot at a plant near the village of Krutoy (now the village of Verkhneizhemsky, Sosnogorsk district).

On November 21, 1943, the working settlement of Ukhta received the status of a city.

After the war, the oil and gas and processing industries, the building materials industry and the construction industry developed rapidly. Pipelines were built to deliver oil and gas.

In 1959, the first large-panel house was built.

At present, Ukhta has a developed industrial potential, a diverse and well-studied resource base, its economy is characterized by the predominance of processing industries, and a well-developed industrial infrastructure.



How to get there

By plane
Daily negotiable flights from Vnukovo airport. Weekly turnaround flight from Pulkovo on Wednesday.

By train
From Yaroslavsky Station of Moscow in the direction of Vorkuta. The distance is about 1500 km. Travel time is 27 hours.

By bus
Intercity Bus Station, 169300, Komi Republic, Ukhta, ul. October, 24. 24. +7 (8216) 76-34-96. There is a bus service in the following directions:
Ukhta-Nizhny Odes
On the ship
The city is located on the banks of two small rivers Ukhta and Chibyu, therefore there is no sea and river traffic.


Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Average cost
Hotel Timan, 169300, Ukhta, st. Lenin, 4. ☎ +7 (8216) 745-986.
Hotel Chibyu, 169300, Ukhta, st. Lenin, d.38. ☎ +7 (8216) 727-830.
Hotel Severny, 169300, Ukhta, st. 30 years of October, d. 27. ☎ +7 (8216) 750-995.
Hotel "On October", 169300, Ukhta, st. October, the house. 23. ☎ +7 (8216) 74-00-44



Tele2, Megaphone, Beeline, MTS



Located in the central part of the Komi Republic.

It borders on the districts and districts "City of Sosnogorsk", "Izhemsky District", "Knyazhpogostsky District", "Ust-Kulomsky District", "Ust-Tsilemsky District", "Kortkerossky District".

It stands on a gently sloping, hilly plateau, dissected by rivers and streams of the Izhma River basin. The largest tributaries of the Izhma are the Ukhta, Sedyu, Tobys, and Kedva rivers. Watershed spaces are swampy.

The urban area lies on the watershed and in the valleys of the Ukhta River and its tributary Chibyu within the lower part of the Timan Ridge, 314 km northeast of Syktyvkar.




Ukhta has a continental subarctic climate with long cold winters and short warm summers. Compared to areas at a similar latitude, winters are less extreme, but still much longer than summers and very cold by European standards. The city of Ukhta is equated with the regions of the Far North. The climate of the Ukhta region is temperate continental. The average annual air temperature is minus 1.1 °C with the amplitude of average monthly values being 22–23 °C. Summer is warm, but not hot - the average monthly temperature of the summer months is plus 12-15 ° C, the warmest, July - plus 15.7 ° C. The average temperature of the winter months varies from minus 13 to minus 17 °C, while the coldest month, January, is minus 17.3 °C.

The duration of the heating season is 261 days a year.

The average long-term precipitation is 700 mm, of which 30% falls on the cold season, 70% on the warm season (24 mm - minimum, observed in February; 64 mm - maximum, in August and September).

Snow cover appears on average in the first decade of October. The formation of a stable snow cover is observed in the last week of October, and its destruction, on average, falls on the last week of April. The final snowmelt occurs in mid-May. The average number of days with snow cover is 188-193 days.

The depth of soil freezing is up to 2.0-2.1 m; no permafrost.

On average, there are 32 foggy days per year.

Unfavorable and dangerous weather phenomena: snowstorms, thunderstorms, hail and ice. On average, there are 43 days with snowstorms, 17-19 days with thunderstorms, and up to 55 days with icing of all types per year.



The basis of the city's economy is the gas and oil industry.
Ukhta is located within the Timan-Pechora basin, an important oil and gas producing region. Oil fields are located south of the city. Some of the Ukhta oil is processed locally, but most of it is transported via pipelines to refineries between St. Petersburg and Moscow. The main sectors of the economy are the oil, woodworking and metalworking industries. Since the 1990s, several gas pipeline explosions have occurred at a distance of eight kilometers from the city.



TPP "Lukoil-Ukhtaneftegaz" is the largest oil and gas production enterprise in the south of the Timano-Pechora oil and gas province, part of LLC "Lukoil-Komi"
The northern branch of OOO Lukoil-Severo-Zapadnefteprodukt is the largest branch of OOO Lukoil-SZNP, which operates 88 filling stations in four constituent entities of the Russian Federation: in the Komi Republic, the Arkhangelsk Region, the Nenets and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrugs.
LLC Lukoil-Ukhtaneftepererabotka (Lukoil) with a processing capacity of 3.2 million tons of oil per year.
OOO Gazprom transgaz Ukhta is a subsidiary of Gazprom PJSC.
Transneft North JSC Transneft PJSC (Usa-Ukhta Main Oil Pipeline) End facilities of the Ukhta-1 oil pumping station - Ukhta PSU (Ukhta-Yaroslavl Main Oil Pipeline)
LLC Gazprom Pererabotka is an enterprise for the complex processing of gas and gas condensate
Ukhta Experimental Mechanical Plant
Ukhta clay brick factory



Railway station as part of the Sosnogorsk branch of the Northern Railway
Ukhta airport. Commercial passenger transportation is carried out by the airlines Severstal, Komiaviatrans, UTair.
Buses - urban, suburban, intercity routes.
Intercity buses run from the city: Ukhta - Syktyvkar, Ukhta - Kirov, Ukhta - Ufa, Ukhta - Cheboksary, Ukhta - Nizhny Odes, Ukhta - Vuktyl, Ukhta - Troitsko-Pechorsk.

Suburban buses: Ukhta - Sosnogorsk, Ukhta - Yarega, Ukhta - Shudayag, Ukhta - Borovoy, Ukhta - Vodny, Ukhta - Sedyu, Ukhta - First Vodnensky dachas. Ukhta - Irayol - Izhma, Ukhta - Izhma - Ust-Tsilma.

The designers of the new general development plan propose to introduce trolleybus traffic in the city.



Mobile communications operators MTS, MegaFon, BeeLine and Tele2 form the basis of mobile communications. The entire territory of the city and nearby villages has good 3G coverage. The city has cable TV and high-speed Internet from GSP, high-speed Internet, telephone and digital TV from Rostelecom, high-speed Internet from Centr.LAN.

Monitoring and environmental protection
Regular observations of the chemical composition of precipitation in Ukhta began in June 1992.

The acidity of precipitation, measured in total average monthly samples, in 1992 in Ukhta was 6.5 (the norm is 5.7).

The average annual value of sediment mineralization in Ukhta in 1993: sulfates - 20.14 mg/l; carbonates - 28.49 mg / l.

Emissions of pollutants from stationary sources in Ukhta in 1993: sulfur dioxide - 0.708; solids, 2.129; carbon monoxide - 3.734; nitrogen oxides - 5.429; hydrocarbons - 79.772; in total - 110,641.



Federal state budgetary healthcare institutions in the Komi Republic:
City Hospital No. 1, located in the suburban village of Shudayag (formerly Sangorodok)
Ambulance Substation
Children's City Hospital
children's Hospital
Republican Center for Eye Microsurgery
Ukhta Physiotherapy Polyclinic (formerly Mud Bath)
City polyclinic (two buildings in Ukhta - "Polyclinic No. 1 and No. 2" + women's consultation - a division of the city polyclinic, Polyclinic No. 2 - Yarega village, Polyclinic No. 3 - Vodny village)
dental clinic
Ukhta interterritorial maternity hospital
Dermatovenerological dispensary
Ukhta blood transfusion station
Ukhta Psychoneurological Dispensary
Ukhta psycho-neurological boarding school


Education system

General and additional education
The education system of the municipality of the city district "Ukhta" is represented by various types and types of educational institutions:

43 preschool educational institutions
1 primary school-kindergarten
2 primary comprehensive schools: one in the village of Yarega, the second - a non-state school for disabled children named after. Trokhanovich
1 non-state basic comprehensive school "Rostok"
1 basic comprehensive school in the village of Yuger
3 lyceums: technical lyceum named after G. V. Rassokhin, humanitarian and pedagogical lyceum, lyceum of information technologies.
1 gymnasium – Gymnasium of foreign languages
3 secondary schools with in-depth study of individual subjects
17 secondary schools
1 evening (shift) general education school
1 special (correctional) general education school of the VIII type
1 municipal educational institution for children in need of psychological and pedagogical and medical and social assistance "Center for Psychological and Pedagogical Rehabilitation and Correction";
3 institutions of additional education: the center of young technicians in Ukhta, the children's art center, the center of children's creativity named after G. A. Karchevsky;
I and II children's music schools, children's art school;
Sanatorium boarding school No. 4 village. Shudayag
More than 10 thousand people study in educational institutions.

Technical schools and schools
Ukhta Industrial and Economic Forest College
Ukhta Medical College
Ukhta College of Railway Transport
Ukhta Mining and Oil College
Ukhta Industrial College
Ukhta Pedagogical College
Training and production center of OOO Gazprom transgaz Ukhta

Higher education
Ukhta State Technical University - founded in 1958 as an educational and consulting center of the Moscow Institute of Petrochemical and Gas Industry named after I.M. Gubkin