Ermak Travel Guide

 

Ulan-Ude

Ulan-Ude

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Ulan-Ude

Ulan-Ude (until 1934 - Verkhneudinsk, the Bur. Ulaan Үde khoto) is a city of republican subordination in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Buryatia. It forms an urban district of the city of Ulan-Ude. It is large cultural, scientific, industrial center of Eastern Siberia. Sustainable epithets can be applied to Ulan-Ude: The heart of Russian Asia and the Sunny City on the shores of Baikal.

 

Ulan-Ude is located in Western Transbaikalia, one hundred kilometers east of Lake Baikal, in the Ivolgino-Uda intermountain basin, on both banks of the Selenga River, at the confluence of the Uda River into it. The depression is a vast depression extended from the southwest to the northeast, and limited from the northwest to the Khamar-Daban ranges, from the north by the Ulan-Burgasy ridge, from the southeast to the Tsagan-Daban ridge.

 

 

 

History of Ulan-Ude

The first occupants of the area where Ulan-Ude now stands were the Evenks and, later, the Buryat Mongols. Ulan-Ude was settled in 1666 by the Russian Cossacks as the fortress of Udinskoye. Due to its favorable geographical position, it grew rapidly and became a large trade center which connected Russia with China and Mongolia and, from 1690, was the administrative center of the Transbaikal region.

By 1775, it was known as Udinsk, and in 1783 it was granted city status and renamed Verkhneudinsk. After a large fire in 1878, the city was almost completely rebuilt. The Trans-Siberian Railway reached the city in 1900 causing an explosion in growth. The population which was 3,500 in 1880 reached 126,000 in 1939.

From 6 April to October 1920 Verkhneudinsk was the capital of the Far Eastern Republic (Дальневосточная Республика), sometimes called Chita Republic. It was a nominally independent state that existed from April 1920 to November 1922 in the easternmost part of the Russian Far East. On 27 July 1934, the city was renamed Ulan-Ude.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips