Ulan-Ude, Russia


Description of Ulan-Ude

Ulan-Ude (until 1934 - Verkhneudinsk, the Bur. Ulaan Үde khoto) is a city of republican subordination in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Buryatia. It forms an urban district of the city of Ulan-Ude. It is large cultural, scientific, industrial center of Eastern Siberia. Sustainable epithets can be applied to Ulan-Ude: The heart of Russian Asia and the Sunny City on the shores of Baikal.


Ulan-Ude is located in Western Transbaikalia, one hundred kilometers east of Lake Baikal, in the Ivolgino-Uda intermountain basin, on both banks of the Selenga River, at the confluence of the Uda River into it. The depression is a vast depression extended from the southwest to the northeast, and limited from the northwest to the Khamar-Daban ranges, from the north by the Ulan-Burgasy ridge, from the southeast to the Tsagan-Daban ridge.



The city has a rectangular street layout.

The city has many settlements remote from each other, the most famous of them are: "Zagorsk", "Vostochny", "Burvod", "PVZ", "Shishkovka", "Kvartala", etc.

Administratively, Ulan-Ude is divided into three districts: Sovetsky, Zheleznodorozhny and Oktyabrsky. The main street of the city is Lenin, the central part of which is pedestrian and is popularly called "Arbat".



Buddhist temples
1  Datsan "Khambyn Khure", Verkhnyaya Berezovka.
2 Rimpoche Bagsha Buddhist Center, Bald Mountain.
3  Datsan "Dharma", Builders Avenue, 46a.
4 Buddhist women's datsan "Zungon Darzhaling", Klyuchevskaya, 56a. The only female datsan in Russia.

Church architecture
5 St. Odigitrievsky Cathedral.
6 Holy Trinity Church, st. Kuibyshev, 37.
7 Church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, Revolutsii 1905, 56a. ☎ +7(3012)28-30-42. 07:30-19:00.
8 Roman Catholic Church, Builders Avenue, 3. ☎ +7(3012) 42-80-50.

Buildings and constructions
9  House of the merchant Rosenstein, st. Sukhe-Bator, 16 (Soviet Square). Modern.
10 Opera and Ballet Theatre, Soviet Square. Architectural monument. One of the most beautiful buildings in the city.
11 Arch "Royal Gates", st. Lenin.
12 House of the merchant Kapelman, st. Lenina, 30 (Arbat). House with Atlantes.
13 House of the merchant Goldobin, st. Lenina, 26 (Arbat). Wooden architecture.
14 Seating rows, Revolution Square.
15 House of the merchant Kurbatov, st. Lenina, 27. The richest house in Verkhneudinsk. Classicism.
16 House of Merchants Chernykh, st. Cathedral, 7a. Wooden architecture.
17 Pakholkov House, st. Cathedral, 3B. One of the oldest stone buildings in Verkhneudinsk.

18  Monument to Lenin.
19  Monument to Gesar.
20  Sculptural composition "Mother Buryatia".
21  Monument to the Hero of Russia Aldar Tsydenzhapov. Monument to the Hero of Russia Aldar Tsydenzhapov
22  Victory Memorial.
23  Monument to the victims of political repressions, Republic of Buryatia, Ulan-Ude, Sobornaya st., 8.


What to do

1 Ethnographic Museum of the Peoples of Transbaikalia, Ulan-Ude, Upper Berezovka. ✉ ☎ +7 (3012) 44-33-10, 33-25-10. Summer: from 09.30 to 18.00; on weekends - from 10.00 to 19.00. In winter: from 09.00 to 17.00.. The ticket price for adults is 100 rubles, for students - 60 rubles, for schoolchildren and pensioners - 50 rubles. Get there: by shuttle bus No. 37
2 Museum of the History of Buryatia, Ulan-Ude, st. Profsoyuznaya, 29. ☎ +7 (3012) 21-40-08, 21-06-53.
3 Art Museum. Ts.S. Sampilov, Ulan-Ude, st. Kuibysheva, 29. ☎ + 7 (3012) 21-29-09, 21-43-93.
12 Museum of Literature of Buryatia named after Hots Namsaraev.
4 Museum of Nature of Buryatia, st. Lenina, 46.

5 Buryat State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre, Ulan-Ude, st. Lenina, 51. ☎ +7 (3012) 21-39-13, 21-44-54.
6 Buryat State Academic Drama Theatre, Ulan-Ude, st. Kuibysheva, 38. ☎ +7 (3012) 22-25-37, 64-14-55, 22-25-46.
7  Puppet theater "Ulger", Ulan-Ude, st. Lenina, 46. ☎ +7 (3012) 21-80-37, 21-22-92.
8 Song and Dance Theater “Baikal”, Ulan-Ude, st. Erbanova, 6. ☎ +7 (3012) 21-78-96, 43-05-06.
State Circus of Buryatia, Ulan-Ude, Pobedy Ave., 17. ✉ ☎ +7 (3012) 22-36-56, 46-12-29.
9 Russian Drama Theater named after N. A. Bestuzhev, st. Tereshkova, 9A. ☎ +7 (3012) 23-26-06.

10  Cinema "Eurozone", st. Baltakhinova, 13. ☎ +7(3012) 297-600 (inquiry). 09.00-24.00 (Sunday-Thursday), 09.00-02.00 (Friday, Saturday). 101-250 rubles.
11 Cinema "People's Cinema", st. Zherdeva, 104b. ☎ +7(3012) 278-444, +7 (3012) 4222-757 (voice answering machine), 21-50-77 (cash desk). 09.00-22.30. 101-250 rubles.

12  Pioneer cinema. RGB cinema, st. Ship, 32. ☎ +7(3012) 220-220. 09.00-22.30. 101-250 rubles.

13 "Capital Cinema", shopping center "Capital Mall", Avtomobilistov Ave., 4A, Ulan-Ude, Rep. Buryatia. ☎ 8 (301) 248-06-20. 09:00 - 21:00. 100 - 300 rubles. Fully digital cinema with eight cinema halls of superior comfort, the halls are equipped with modern digital equipment, floating screens, novelties in the sound system.


Getting in

By plane
Baikal International Airport (IATA:UUD). As of June 2017, the airport receives 16 flights. International flights are operated - Beijing (China), Manchuria (China), Seoul (South Korea), Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia) There is a connection with the following cities of Russia: Moscow, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Chita, Yakutsk, Vladivostok, Blagoveshchensk. In the republic, communication in the following directions: Nizhneangarsk, Taksimo.

By train
Ulan-Ude is located on the Trans-Siberian. The railway station is located in the city center. All trains on the Moscow-Vladivostok, Moscow-Ulaanbaatar, Moscow-Beijing lines stop in Ulan-Ude.

By car
The federal highway P258 "Baikal" passes through Ulan-Ude, connecting Irkutsk and Chita. You can get from Mongolia to Ulan-Ude through automobile crossings in the city of Kyakhta and the village of Mondy (Tunkinsky district).

By bus
Shuttle minibuses can be reached from the forecourt of Irkutsk station.


Get around

The most popular form of public transport in Ulan-Ude is fixed-route taxis. The fare to all parts of the city is 20 rubles. Regular buses and trams also run. The cost of the bus - 20 rubles, the tram - 15, payment to the conductor. There are no problems with private taxis - a large selection of taxi companies.



1 Shopping center "Capital", st. Lenina, 44. ☎ +7(3012) 21-67-84. Center. Cafes, ATMs, beauty salons
2 Shopping and entertainment center "Eurozone", st. Baltakhinova, 13. ✉ ☎ +7(3012) 29-76-00 - a single information desk.
3 Shopping and entertainment center "Pioneer", st. Ship, 32.. ☎ +7(3012) 220-220.. 09:00-22:30. Cafe, cinema, ATMs, salons.

Souvenirs can be purchased at specialized studio shops in the very center of the city. For example, in the pedestrian part of Lenin Street, called Arbat. In the Elevator area there is a specialized store of Buryat souvenirs. A good selection of authentic souvenirs can be found on the 3rd floor of the Sibir shopping center.

4  Ethno-market "ZAM  , Sukhe-Bator str., 16 A. ☎ +7(301) 221-11-97. 10:00-20:00.
5  Shop of national souvenirs "Souvenir House", st. Lenina, 31. ☎ +7(3012)21-19-03. 10:00-20:00.



The national dish is buuzy (a Russified version is poses). It is also worth trying and taking with you smoked omul, sulfur (chewing gum made from the resin of coniferous trees), pine nuts.

Finding a place to eat is not a problem in Ulan-Ude. At every step you can find buuz (posture), snack bars, cafes, restaurants, fast foods, canteens. There are even street food establishments, which are quite rare for the harsh Siberian climate.

1 Snack bar "Palma", St. Sverdlov, 13. ☎ +7(3012) 65-28-62, 631-444. Buryat, European cuisine. Inexpensive, delicious. Center.
✦  Dining room "Appetit". ☎ +7(3012) 21-14-29. Chain of dining rooms of European cuisine. Modern, fast, tasty and high quality.
2  , st. Lenina, 55 (pl. Soviets).
12  , st. Lenina, 30a.
12  , st. Tereshkova, d.2v.
12  , Klyuchevskaya st., 41.
12  , BKM, d.14a.
3   Dining room “Our Kitchen”, 28a, 50th Anniversary of October Ave. ☎ +7(3012) 294-291, 303-777. 08:00 - 17:00. Buryat, European cuisine. Tasty and inexpensive.

Average cost
4 Restaurant "Modern Nomads", st. Ranzhurova, 1. ☎ +7(3012) 21-47-67, 21-45-09. Mongolian cuisine. Center.
5  Resto-club "Che Guevara", st. Khotsa Namsaraeva, 7 A. ☎ +7(3012) 46-11-00. European, Caucasian cuisine.
6 Pub & Grill Churchill, st. Lenina, 55 (pl. Soviets). ☎ +7(3012) 21-72-00. 12.00-02.00. Large selection of quality beers.
7  Restaurant "Tengis", st. Yerbanova, 12. ✉ ☎ +7 (3012) 21-89-84. 11:00–1:00. There are national dishes, there is a Buryat flavor in the interior.

8 Restaurant "Genghis Khan", Karl Marx Boulevard, 25 a. ✉ ☎ +7(3012) 41-50-50. 11.00-02.00. Author's cuisine - Buryat, Mongolian, European. Exquisite interior. Buryat-Mongolian music.
9 "Mergen" restaurant, st. Borsoeva, 19b. ☎ +7(3012) 200-300. 12.00-24.00. Unobtrusive elegance of interiors, atmosphere of coziness, comfort and elegance, exclusive author's cuisine in the best Siberian and national traditions.


Night life

Peoples Park, 43rd block, st. Zherdev.
Zclub, st. Zherdev 2b.
GoodZone, stop Lyceum No. 24.



1   Hotel complex "Barguzin", st. Sovetskaya, 28. ✉ ☎ +7 (3012) 21-57-46, fax: +7 (3012) 21-57-46. Single economy - 990 rubles. City center.
2  Hotel complex "ODON", Gagarin St., 43. ☎ +7(3012) 44-34-80. Single economy - 1 150/1 300 rubles.
3  Hotel "Ayan-Hotel", st. Babushkina, 164. ✉ ☎ +7(3012) 415-222 (booking service), 415-141 (reception), fax: +7 (3012) 338-005. Single economy - 750 rubles.

Average cost
4 Hotel Buryatia, st. Communist, 47a. ✉ ☎ 8 800 250 69 24 (toll-free within Russia), +7 (3012) 214-222, 210-316, 213-007. Single standard - 2100 rubles. City center.
5  Hotel complex "Baikal Plaza"****, st. Erbanova, 12 (Square of the Soviets). ✉ ☎ +7 (3012) 21-00-70, 21-08-38. Single "Comfort" - 3,700 rubles. City center.
6 Hotel "Siberia" ****, st. Post Office, 1. ✉ ☎ +7 (3012) 297-257, 218-604. Single category 1 - 3000 rubles. City center.
7  Sagaan Morin Hotel, st. Gagarina, 25. ✉ ☎ +7 (3012) 44-40-19, 44-70-52. Single standard - 3 800 rubles. City center.
8 "Geser" hotel, st. Ranzhurova, 11. ✉ ☎ +7(3012) 21-61-51. Single standard - 3,300 rubles. City center.

9 Hotel "Mergen Bator", st. Borsoeva, 19b. ✉ ☎ +7(3012) 200-002. "Mergen Bator" is a combination of European comfort, modern technology and exquisite interior with national elements. Accommodation includes a continental breakfast, high-speed wireless internet, access to a fitness club with a sauna and a swimming pool. Business and cultural center of the city.

In the country
Yurt camping Altargana, with. Lower Oriole, st. field, 2.



All the "big four" mobile communications operate in Ulan-Ude: Tele2, MTS, Megafon, Beeline.


Precautionary measures

Ulan-Ude is a fairly safe city, but you should still take the usual precautions, such as avoiding visiting outlying areas at night. There are always a lot of people in the central part of the city, so if you behave reasonably, problems are unlikely to arise.


History of Ulan-Ude

The history of the city began with the founding in 1666 by Russian Cossacks of the Udinskoye winter hut, built to collect yasak from local Tungus clans and located on the high right bank of the Uda River, near its mouth.

Since 1678 it has been known as the Udinsky Ostrog.

In 1689 it was turned into the Verkhneudinskaya fortress. In 1690, the prison received the status of a city and the name Udinsk, in 1735 the settlement was renamed Verkhneudinsk.

In 1775, it received the status of a city and a coat of arms according to the Charter of Liberties for the cities of Catherine II, since 1783 it has been a county town of the Irkutsk province. In the XVIII - early XX centuries - the administrative, military, cultural, commercial and industrial center of Western Transbaikalia - Transbaikal region, as well as the administrative center of Verkhneudinsky district.

After 1917, Verkhneudinsk became the center of the Baikal province; in April-October 1920 - the capital of the Far Eastern Republic (FER); since May 30, 1923 - the capital of the Buryat-Mongolian ASSR.

On July 27, 1934, by a decree of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR, it was renamed Ulan-Ude (bur. Ulaan Υde - Krasnaya Uda) ..

On July 7, 1957, in connection with the renaming of the republic, it became the capital of the Buryat ASSR.

On October 5, 1971, the village of Zabaikalsky was transferred from the administrative subordination of the Oktyabrsky district of the city of Ulan-Ude to the Ulan-Ude district.

Since March 27, 1992, Ulan-Ude has been the capital of the subject of the Russian Federation, the Republic of Buryatia.

The Law of the Republic of Buryatia dated March 9, 2010 No. 1313-IV “On Amendments to the Law of the Republic of Buryatia“ On the Establishment of Boundaries, Formation and Giving the Status of Municipalities in the Republic of Buryatia “” the urban-type settlements of Zarechny, Sokol, the settlements of Zabaikalsky, Istok, Soldatsky, Stepnoy, Tulunzha, the village at the Mostovoy station were excluded from the number of settlements and included in the city of Ulan-Ude.



In 1666, the Uda winter hut was founded by the name of the Uda River, a tributary of the Selenga (in the ancient Mongolian "uda" - "calm, quiet current"). In 1689, the Udinsk winter hut was transformed into the Udinsk prison. In 1735-1773 the settlement was mentioned as a suburb of Udinsk, since 1775 - the provincial town of Udinsk, since 1783 - the county town of Verkhneudinsk. According to E. M. Pospelov, the formant verkhne- in the name of the city in this case does not mean “upstream” (since the city is located at the mouth of the Uda, that is, at the very bottom of its course), but was used to distinguish it from the city of Nizhneudinsk, located on the Uda River, a tributary of the Taseeva. In 1934, Verkhneudinsk was renamed "Ulan-Ude" (literally - "Red Uda": "Ulaan" in Buryat - "red", "Ude" - the Buryat name of the river Uda).



Ulan-Ude is located in Western Transbaikalia, at the confluence of the Uda River with the Selenga, one hundred kilometers east of Lake Baikal, 5532 km from Moscow. The city is located in the Ivolgino-Uda depression, which is a slightly hilly plain sandwiched between mountains, elongated from the southwest to the northeast and bounded from the northwest by the spurs of the Khamar-Daban ridge, from the north by the Ulan-Burgasy ridge, from the southeast - the Ganzurinsky and Tsagan-Daban ridges.

The spurs of Khamar-Daban in the suburban green zone reach an absolute height of 1114 m and are 500–700 m higher than the bed of the Selenga River valley. The spurs of the Ulan-Burgasy ridge have an average height of 800–1000 m. to the city is 813 m, which is 310 m higher than the level of the Uda river valley. Altitude marks in the city range from 500-800 m.

Ulan-Ude is included in one of the twelve pairs of antipodal cities in the world - its antipode is the Chilean city of Puerto Natales.

The city is the center of the Ulan-Ude agglomeration, which includes 4 municipal districts of the Republic of Buryatia adjacent to the capital: Ivolginsky, Pribaikalsky, Zaigraevsky, Tarbagataisky.



The variety of relief forms creates a significant variety of soil cover in Ulan-Ude. The upland part of the city is dominated by soddy-forest and sandy loamy soils, the lowland areas of the floodplain of the Selenga and Uda rivers are occupied by alluvial meadow soils of light mechanical composition. In the lowlands of the floodplain, there are small areas of bog and meadow-bog soils. Forest-steppe and steppe landscapes, occupying areas in the eastern part of the city, on the left bank of the Selenga, as well as on the right bank of the Uda, are characterized by chestnut, alkaline soils.



Two large rivers flow within the city of Ulan-Ude - the Selenga (with channels Zaboka, Stepnaya, Poselskaya, etc.) and Uda.

The Selenga is the largest tributary of Baikal (50% of the flow of all rivers in its basin). Within the city, the river forms several large islands through its channels. Of these, the islands adjacent to the left bank are inhabited - Konny (Left Bank microdistrict), Public and Poselsky (summer associations). Large islands to the right of the main channel are Bogorodsky (partially occupied by a dacha cooperative) and Spassky (industrial site for urban water intake). Automobile bridges are thrown across the channels. There is the only automobile bridge in the Sovetsky District across the main channel of the river, connecting the center with the airport and the Baikal federal highway.

The Uda is a right tributary of the Selenga. Within the city limits, two automobile bridges with tram lines and a railway bridge of the Trans-Siberian Railway are thrown across the river. The river bed is a natural boundary between the Sovetsky and Zheleznodorozhny (partially) districts in the north and the Oktyabrsky district of the city in the south.

Other rivers and streams: tributaries of the Selenga - Nizhneberezovskaya, Suzha; tributaries of the Uda - Upper Berezovka, Vorovka, Baydanov stream, etc.



Ulan-Ude is in the MSK+5 time zone. The offset of the applicable time from UTC is +8:00. According to the applied time and geographic longitude, the average solar noon in Ulan-Ude occurs at 12:50.



The climate of the city is sharply continental arid, which is explained by its remoteness from large bodies of water (in particular, Lake Baikal is shielded from the city by the mountain ranges of Khamar-Daban and Ulan-Burgasy), the location of the city in an intermountain basin and its location in the center of the vast Eurasian continent. Climatic winter in the city lasts more than five months, starting at the end of October and ending at the beginning of April. During the cold period of the year in Eastern Siberia, the Siberian anticyclone develops, which occurs in October and disappears in April. As a result, the winter period in the city is characterized by a large number of sunny days and weak winds. Due to the lack of winds, the air in the Ivolgino-Uda intermountain depression stagnates and cools, as a result of which winter air temperatures are quite low, but due to low air humidity they are relatively easy to carry. The amount of precipitation during this period is relatively small, the main snowfalls fall in the first half of winter (November-December).

Spring comes to the city in early April. Its features are frequent returns of cold weather and strong winds resulting from the collapse of the Siberian anticyclone, a corresponding decrease in atmospheric pressure and the arrival of cold air masses from the north of Siberia into the territory of the city and the republic. The weather at this time is unstable, there is little rainfall.

Climatic summer lasts just over two months. In late July - early August, cyclones from the Pacific coast come to the city, resulting in frequent rains. At this time, the maximum amount of precipitation falls in the year. At the same time, in June and July the weather is mostly dry and hot.

Autumn replaces summer imperceptibly; unlike the climate of European Russia, where it often rains in autumn, this period of the year in Ulan-Ude is characterized by low rainfall. Characterized by sharp daily fluctuations in air temperature and early night frosts.

The average annual air temperature is −0.1 °C. The average daily air temperature in January is −23.3 °C, with a minimum value of −54.4 °C recorded on January 6, 1931; it was the only day in the history of meteorological observations when the air temperature dropped below the fifty-degree mark. In the 21st century, the lowest temperature of -42.6 ° C was recorded on February 4, 2001; the air temperature dropped below the forty-degree mark only in January 2001, February 2001/2006/2010. July is the hottest month with an average daily air temperature of +19.8 °C, the maximum temperature of +40.6 °C was recorded on July 8, 2016.

The city is characterized by a high level of solar radiation, the annual number of hours with the sun is very high here (more than 2400 hours); according to this indicator, the city roughly corresponds to such southern cities of Russia as Anapa or Nakhodka. The average air humidity (76-77%) in November - January, the minimum (49%) - in May. There are 155 days of precipitation in a year. During the year, an average of 265 mm of precipitation falls on the territory of the city of Ulan-Ude, most of which falls in the summer. The maximum precipitation is observed in August (68 mm); minimum (3 mm) - in February - March.

Average annual temperature: -0.1 °C.
Average annual wind speed: 2.0 m/s.
Average annual air humidity: 67%.
Sunshine 2424 hours