Usinsk, Russia


Hotels, motels and where to sleep


Description of Usinsk

Usinsk is located in the Komi Republic. A few travelers may find themselves in the city in an attempt to explore some of the natural features around the city. However, most of the guests of the city arrive in Usinsk due to production needs.

Usinsk is located in the northern part of the Komi Republic. The city is the center of a large but sparsely populated urban district. The main development Usinsk received as a regional center of oil production and its processing. The village Usinsk has its history since 1966, and the status of the city was received less than thirty years ago, in 1984.


Travel Destinations in Usinsk

Monument to the mosquito.
Wooden temple Softener of evil hearts.
Local History Museum, st. Neftyanikov, d.37


Monuments of nature

Rock "Ring", a geological monument, is located on the right bank of the Sharyu River, 50 km from its mouth. Standing "on their heads" layers of dolomites and dolomitized limestones of the Silurian age. A hole (“ring”) 2.5 × 5 meters in size is formed in one of the layers. Recognized as a geological monument in accordance with the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Komi ASSR on March 29, 1984 as an example of the manifestation of frosty weathering.
Rock outcrops "Middle Gates of the Sharyu River", a geological monument, is located 3.5 km above the "Ring". A canyon-like section of the river with a length of 0.5 km. The height of the rocks is up to 70 meters. Recognized by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Komi ASSR on March 29, 1984 to preserve the best section of the Chernyshev Ridge Carboniferous. Security mode custom.
"Sharyu natural monument", located 50 km from the mouth of the Sharyu River. Continuous rock outcrops along both banks of the river for 1 km, composed of steeply sloping layers of coral, brachiopod, goniatite limestone, mudstone, oil shale, dolomite. Recognized by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Komi ASSR on March 29, 1984 to preserve one of the most complete sections of the Upper Silurian, Lokhkovsky, Frasnian, Famennian stages; locations of fossil fauna.


Nature reserves

The Usinsky complex reserve is located in the interfluve of the Pechora, Mustache, Bolshaya Son, Vyatkina. It was created by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Komi ASSR on March 29, 1984 (before that, since 1978 - the Usinsky swamp natural monument) to preserve a unique complex of wetlands of international importance.
Swamp of Nessanyur, a swamp reserve, is located on the left bank of the Kolva River. Represents a transitional stage from aapa to hilly swamps. The vegetation is shrub-forb-sphagnum. The average depth is 2 meters, the maximum is 4 meters. The area is 1,700 hectares.
The Usinsky Ichthyological Reserve is located on the section of the Usa River between Cape Pictor and the mouth of the Ponyu River. It includes the channel of the Usa River and forest protection zones on both banks. The area is 7.8 thousand hectares. The width of the Usa River within the reserve is 400–600 m, the average depth is 2.5 m, and the maximum depth is 7 m. The reserve was created by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Komi ASSR on March 29, 1984 to protect spawning grounds and conditions for the reproduction of whitefish.

Natural resources
The city owes its birth to oil and associated gas, the main capital of the local subsoil, the basis of the economic development of the territory. Currently, Usinsk produces about 60% of oil and 3% of gas from the total production of these types of raw materials in the Komi Republic.

MO GO "Usinsk" is located in difficult natural and climatic conditions. However, due to its geographical location, created economic potential, reserves of explored natural resources, and together with the Timan-Pechora territorial production complex - a large fuel and energy base of the European part of the country, it is an important part of the national economic complex of Russia. Today Usinsk is one of the leading industrial cities of the Komi Republic.



The village of Usinsk was founded in 1966. In March 1970, the construction of the city of Usinsk began, initially they were simple wooden houses made of timber, on December 24, 1974 the first secondary school was built, and on May 1, 1975 the first 5-storey panel house was put into operation. After that, the construction went on at an accelerated pace, the city grew before our eyes. Young people from all over the Union built a dream city in the swamps.

In 1984, Usinsk received city status. With the collapse of the USSR, the pace of construction in the city fell.

In 1994, in the Usinsky district, a major oil spill occurred on the Vozey-Headworks pipeline from the Kharyaginskoye field - hundreds of hectares of land were flooded. About 200 thousand tons of oil spilled out. Oil and oil products got into the rivers Kolva, Usa, Pechora.

In October 2020, another major oil spill occurred from the inactive oil pipeline of the Kharyaginskoye field in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, owned by LUKOIL-Komi, into the Kolva River near Usinsk. On May 11, 2021, the head of Usinsk introduced an emergency regime in the municipality for the second time in the last seven months: due to depressurization in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug of the pressure oil pipeline from the main pumping station of the Osh field to BPS-5 of the Kharyagin field from the oil gathering collector of one of the wells of the Osh field, owned by LUKOIL-Komi, about 90 tons of oil products spilled into the soil and the Kolva River. An iridescent film was noticed on the surface of the Kolva River in the area of ​​the fourth bridge. The area of oil pollution reached almost 13 thousand m². On May 13, the oil slick reached the village of Kolva.



It arose in 1966 as a settlement on the river Usa, since 1984 - the city of Usinsk. Name after the hydronym Usa (right tributary of the Pechora). The hydronym from the Komi language is not explained. Apparently, it has an ancient Finno-Ugric origin and in the forms "Usa", "Uksa" is repeatedly found in the hydronymy of the North of the European part of Russia; presumably means "tributary".

The city is located in the north-east of the Komi Republic in the Cis-Urals, in the basin of the middle Pechora and its right tributary of the Usa River (about 4 km): located on the right bank of the river. Usa, near its confluence with the Pechora, 3 km from the railway. station, 757 km northeast of Syktyvkar, 90 km south of the Arctic Circle. The territory of the municipality GO "Usinsk" is 3056420 ha, which is 7.3% of the area of the Komi Republic.

Usinsk, like the entire Komi Republic, lives according to Moscow time, that is, the offset relative to GMT is +3:00 (MSK).

Climate: despite the fact that on the climatic map of Russia the climate is designated as temperate continental, in terms of its parameters it is closer to the subarctic. In winter, the minimum temperature often reaches -40 °C, -50 °C and lower, while in summer the maximum temperature sometimes reaches +35 °C, +40 °C. The minimum air temperature in the area was recorded in the winter from 1978 to 1979 on Vozey and reached -64 ° C, at the same time in the city itself the temperature was -58 ° C. The main feature of the climate here is frequent fluctuations and strong temperature fluctuations during one day, both in summer and in winter. Within a few hours, the temperature can change by 40 degrees or more. Snow cover lasts 230 days a year, from mid-October to June. From September to mid-October, frequent prolonged drizzling freezing rains. The warmest season is from mid-July to mid-August.


Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Polar Star