The Valdaisky National Park was formed on May 17,
1990 in order to preserve the unique lake-forest complex of the
Valdai Hills and create conditions for the development of organized
recreation in this area.
The list of archaeological monuments includes 82 objects —
ancient sites (7th — 6th centuries BC), settlements, burial mounts,
barrows. There are 9 monuments of landscape art here - old estates
with parks, 22 most valuable monuments of architecture and wooden
architecture of the XVII – XIX centuries. Among them is the Iversky
Mother of God Monastery, founded in 1653 on the Selvitsky Island of
the Lake Valdai by the Patriarch of All Russia Nikon; The Catherine
Church in the city of Valdai is a great work by the Russian
architect N. A. Lvov (XVIII century), where the Valdai History
Museum and the Valdai Bell bell are now located. The city of
Valdai itself is a historic landmark - in
1996 it turned 500 years old. In the village of Nikolskoye is the
first in Russia fish breeding plant, created by the founder of
scientific fish breeding V. P. Vrassky (1829—1863). He was awarded
the Gold Medal of the Russian Society of Agriculture, as well as the
Medal of the Acclimatization Society of Paris.
Part of the
monuments in Valdaisky National Park associated with significant
historical events. Here, not far from Yazhelbits, near the so-called
"Ignach Krest" the army of Khan Batu turned, refusing to attack on
Novgorod. This ended sweeping attack on the Russians lands of the
Mongolian hordes. While Russian lands had to pay homage to their
mongol lords for another two centuries destruction of Russian towns
and villages has stopped here. One of the local legends it came to a
conclusion due to a monster that lives in the
lake Brosno. In 1456, the
famous “Yazhelbitsky peace” was concluded between Novgorod and
The picturesque nature and rich history of the Valdai
land constantly attracted and attracted here many poets, composers,
artists. Valdai is the birthplace of N. N. Miklukho-Maklaya, P. S.
Komarov. A. Radishchev, A. Pushkin, L. Tolstoy were here, N. K.
Roerich, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, I. I. Levitan, Yu. F. Yuon, N. I.
Zheleznov, V. V. Bianki and many other figures of Russian culture.