Voronezh, Russia




Description of Voronezh

Voronezh is a large city in Russia, on the banks of the Voronezh reservoir (on the Voronezh River, 20 km from its confluence with the Don). The administrative center of the Voronezh region. It is the largest city in the Central Black Earth region and has the unofficial status of the capital of the Black Earth region. The city is not a popular tourist center, however, it has its own provincial zest.

The city was founded in 1585 as a guard post on one of the spurs of the high right bank of the Voronezh River. At the end of the 17th century, by decree of Peter I, the Voronezh Admiralty was created in the city, and for the first time in the history of Russia, a regular Russian navy was created at its shipyards. The historical center of the city is located on the right bank of the reservoir, most of the left bank is occupied by the industrial zone.

During the Great Patriotic War, Voronezh, partly under German occupation, suffered significant damage - most of the buildings were destroyed. Already by the beginning of the 1950s, the city was restored according to the general plan of L.V. Rudnev: it is no coincidence that the high-rise dominant of the center - the management of the South Eastern Railway (in the card) - is so similar to the Stalinist skyscrapers of Moscow. In the post-war period, Voronezh became the center of the aviation industry - in particular, the first supersonic passenger aircraft Tu-144 was built here.

With the accession to the city of nearby villages, Voronezh in 2012 became the fifteenth million-plus city in Russia. Residents of Voronezh are called Voronezh, and if everything is clear with men, then the fair half does not have the right name. Voronezhka did not take root because of the discordant pronunciation, and Voronezhka or Voronezhenka, despite the analogy, respectively, to a Parisian and a Petersburger, is not perceived by everyone even in colloquial speech. There is an urban legend about the beauty of Voronezh women. According to it, they are descendants of beauties collected from all over Russia, and even from European countries, whom Peter I brought to Voronezh for the builders of the first Russian fleet.

The speech of native Voronezh people is often distinguished by the Voronezh “g”, which in the scientific community is usually called fricative (examples can be the classical pronunciation of the words aha and th). The native sound for the inhabitant of the region is still the norm in the Ukrainian and Czech languages, and in the Russian language it was supplanted by the Moscow plosive. So, Vladimir Dal, wrote about the similarity of the Voronezh dialect with the Little Russian dialect.



Voronezh stands on the banks of the river of the same name, or more precisely, on the banks of the Voronezh reservoir. The Voronezh River flows from north to south. The center is located on the right (western) bank and is roughly bounded by the railway and Kommunarov, January 9 and October 20 anniversary streets. To the north of the railway, for the most part, there is the Kominternovsky district, which includes the large Northern residential area. To the south of 9th January and 20th anniversary of October streets are respectively large parts of the Sovietsky and Leninsky districts, the first of which includes a large South-Western residential area. The left bank is divided by Dimitrova Street into the Zheleznodorozhny district (in the north) and the Left Bank district (in the south). From the west, Voronezh goes around the Don River, which is almost immediately approached by the regional center in the Tenistoy microdistrict, and even on the right bank of the Don there is a small "prominence" of the city - Podpolnoye. And if Podpolnoye does not have any tourist significance, then the Krasnolesny exclave (aka Grafskaya station) remote 40 km from the center with its surroundings is very interesting.

Outside the center, a mixture of private residential development and multi-storey residential microdistricts, which is typical for a city that grew strongly in Soviet times, is typical. There are few key attractions outside the center and they are located mainly in points. However, in the center during the war years, many buildings were destroyed, and many of the notable ones that survived were demolished at a later time for new, usually nondescript, buildings.

The banks in the city are connected by three large bridges: Chernavsky (central bridge, not so long ago was completely rebuilt and ceased to be arched), Vogresovsky (southern bridge, arched, post-war construction) and Severny (two-story bridge, the top floor was intended for trams that were liquidated; you can take a walk along the upper tier, but it is worth considering that the bridge is one of the longest in Russia - 1.8 km). The railway passes through two Otrozhensky bridges, they can also be used for pedestrian communication, but this can come in handy in exceptional cases (for example, traveling along the Voronezh ecological trail or quickly moving from a sanatorium to Otrozhka).

The central street of the city is Revolution Avenue. Parallel to which are the much less picturesque streets of Friedrich Engels, Nikitinskaya, Studencheskaya and Koltsovskaya. All of them are oriented roughly from northeast to southwest, connecting the "Comintern" Lenin street with the "Soviet-Lenin" Voroshilov street. Perpendicular to them are two dozen small streets, the largest of which are Feoktistova, Kommisarzhevskaya, Karl Marx, Plekhanovskaya and January 9th. Plekhanovskaya and January 9 streets are of the most important transport importance: the first one connects the center with the Kominternovsky district through Moskovsky Prospekt, and the second is an exit to the suburb of Semiluki. In general, as already mentioned, in addition to the natural barrier - the Voronezh River, the city is divided into several parts by the railway line, which is the northern border of the center. Communication through the railway is organized through 3 overpasses, or "viaduct", as Voronezh residents call them. These viaducts connect Revolution Avenue with Lenina Street, Plekhanovskaya Street with Moskovsky Avenue and two parts of 9th January Street. For pedestrians, only one additional bridge has been added across the railway at the railway station. Numerous slopes lead to the river from the regular city, often bearing the name "mountain" now or in the past. They go along the so-called Nizam - a vast private sector. The most important of these slopes for both the driver and the pedestrian should be considered Kommunarov, Stepan Razin, Pyatnitsky, Chernyshevsky, Dekabristov and Bolshaya Streletskaya streets.



Voronezh is located at 52° north latitude in the temperate zone. The climate in the off-season practically does not differ from the climate of the middle zone. It has hot summers and moderately cold winters (the average temperature in July is 21.1 °C, in January -6.0 °C). At the same time, the temperature of +32 ... +35 ° С in recent years in July is not uncommon. In winter, below -20 ° C, the thermometer drops, as a rule, no more than 1 time per year, and no more than 1 week. At the same time, a large reservoir inside the city creates additional humidity, and because of this, the cold can be felt more strongly than in other cities. Heavy snowfalls and thaws with rains are common in winter. On average, 158 sunny days fall per year (about 43%).

The best time to visit the city is late May - early June or late August - early September. The dullest weather is likely to be in November-December.


Tourist Information

1  Tourist Information Center  , ave. Revolution, 27 (at the Main Post Office). ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 228-75-00. 9:00-18:00 (Mon-Thu), 9:00-16:45 (Fri).
2 Visitor Center, Pushkinskaya st., 2 (Amital bookstore). 10:00–19:00 (Mon-Sun). In the bookstore you can buy maps, guidebooks and Voronezh literature.
3  Visit center, pl. General Chernyakhovsky, 1/2 (near the station). 8:00–17:00 (Mon-Sun). A small kiosk, ironically, was located in the building of a former public toilet.



Revolution Avenue

Prospekt Revolyutsii (former Bolshaya Dvoryanskaya Street, Brod in the middle of the 20th century, now more often simply Prospekt) is undoubtedly the main street of the city. A sort of Voronezh Nevsky Prospekt, where almost every building is a monument of architecture or history. Most of them are even devoted to sections of books and there are separate articles on Wikipedia. The most notable places are described below and in other sections. Prospekt is the center of shopping and nightlife in Voronezh.

1  The building of the Voronezh male gymnasium, prosp. Revolution, 19 (main building of VSUIT). Architect - A. A. Ton.
2 Annunciation Cathedral, ave. Revolution, 18A. The cathedral is located on the territory of Pervomaisky Garden. The height of the temple itself is 85 meters, and its highest point is 97 meters. The third largest Orthodox church in Russia and one of the highest Orthodox churches in the world. The construction was completed in 2009. Pervomaisky Garden is surrounded by a remarkable Soviet fence, which is in some dissonance with the temple. In the garden there is a monument to the Voronezh saint Mitrophany and several other monuments.
3  Management building of the South Eastern Railway, prosp. Revolution, 18. An excellent example of the Stalinist Empire style. The 70-meter building was completed in 1955, and it became the reason for the infamous decree on excesses in architecture. Khrushchev then compared the tower of the building with a bell tower. The spire was dismantled and restored only in late Soviet times. Unofficial symbol of Voronezh. In the courtyard is the building of the Traveling Palace, which houses an art museum.
4  Monument to Peter I , ave. Revolution, Petrovsky square. A bronze sculpture on a granite pedestal, solemnly opened on August 30, 1860 and symbolizing the construction of the Russian fleet by Peter in Voronezh. During the occupation of Voronezh by German troops during the Great Patriotic War, the sculpture was taken out for melting down. By a special decree of the government of the RSFSR, it was restored with some clarifications (for example, Peter was “rejuvenated” to more accurately match the age at which he led the construction of the fleet in Voronezh), and on January 10, 1956, the monument was reopened on the surviving pedestal. Another unofficial symbol of Voronezh.
5  House of the Treasury Chamber  , ave. Revolution, 21 (near Petrovsky square). The two-story house was erected in the style of classicism of the XVIII century for the state chamber in 1786-1787 according to the project of Giacomo Quarenghi as part of an unrealized complex of four buildings of the governorship and provincial offices.
6  Ploshad Pobedy , pl. Victory (behind the main post office). around the clock. Victory Square and the memorial complex on it were created in honor of the defenders of Voronezh, who fought for the city in 1942-1943. The memorial on the square was created by the famous Voronezh sculptor Fyodor Sushkov. The main monument has a religious connotation: it repeats the organ and refers to the image of the 12 apostles and the Virgin. There is also a stele with the Order of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree (which was presented to Voronezh 3 days before the opening of the square).
7 Tulinov House, ave. Revolution, 30. The building of the early XIX century in the Empire style.
8 Mariinsky Women's Gymnasium (House of Officers, House of Youth), ave. Revolution, 32. The building was built in 1875. In 1931, it was significantly rebuilt in the constructivist style to create the House of the Red Army. After it was rebuilt once again, a majestic black labradorite portico was added. The slabs were taken from the destroyed regional committee building. To the left of the gymnasium building is a monument to the musician Mitrofan Pyatnitsky.
9  Hotel "Bristol" , ave. Revolution, 43. An excellent example of Art Nouveau.
10  Monument to White Bim Black Ear , ave. Revolution, 50 (near the puppet theater). Monument to the dog, the hero of the story of Gavriil Troepolsky.
11 House of trade "Utyuzhok", Prospekt Revolyutsii, 58. One of the most beautiful buildings in Voronezh. It is located at the intersection of Revolution Avenue and Pushkinskaya Street, where at one time there was a semicircular building of the Vyakhirev trading house, the shape of which gave everyone the well-known nickname "flat iron". The building now houses retail and office space.


Karl Marx street

Karl Marx Street is a popular part-pedestrian street in the city center. A favorite place of the townspeople for unhurried walks. The street begins near Admiralteiskaya Square, but on the slope from it to the terrace of the regular city, there are unremarkable private houses on it. Starting from the intersection with Taranchenko Street, it acquires an urban look, and with it, monuments of architecture and history. From the crossroads you can see, and if you wish, go down Taranchenko Street to St. Nicholas Church. Until the Soviet era, the section of the street from the embankment to Nikitin Square was called Staromoskovskaya Street, since the road to Moscow used to start here. On this site, the most remarkable are the petty-bourgeois police unit, the stone bridge, and the Alexandrinsky Shelter and Resurrection Church (on the crossed street) located next to the bridge. Also at the intersection with Kardashova Street there is an alley with a monument to Yesenin. The section of the street after the intersection with Revolution Avenue was previously called Bolshaya Sadovaya Street. This name reflects the character of the street then and now. Most of it is pedestrian, a kind of Voronezh Arbat, street musicians play here, books and paintings are sold at the ruins. The monument to Nikitin opens the site, followed by the monuments to Marshak, Vysotsky, Stoll. And if the first three are more or less clear, then tourists, as a rule, do not know about Stoll. Stoll was a Russian German, an industrialist (owning a factory on this street), a philanthropist, and an organizer of a cyclists' circle in Voronezh. At the intersection with Studencheskaya Street there is an art object of augmented reality Stoll's Key (you need a smartphone to see it). After the intersection, the cars again take their toll and the street ceases to be pedestrian. On the final section there is the Yesenin Museum and the Samuil Church, which used to be a cemetery. On the way to the church, you can see at the eye clinic (crossing from Revolutsii 1905 Street) the bas-relief “Healing of the Blindborn”, which miraculously survived in Soviet times, which was accidentally opened under plaster in 2010 during repair work; as well as an inscription on the building during the war.

12 St. Nicholas Church, st. Taranchenko, 19A (on the descent from the fire tower).
13 Meshchanskaya police station with a fire tower, st. Karl Marx, 32.
14  Stone Bridge , st. Karl Marx / st. Ordzhonikidze / st. Chernyshevsky. A small humpbacked bridge was built in 1826 according to the design of the city architect I. A. Blitsin. This is one of the symbols of Voronezh and a traditional wedding venue for the townspeople. In old photographs, he, with cast-iron grates and antique lanterns, looks atmospheric, and the spire with a boat on the neighboring building of the former Alexandrinsky shelter even evokes some associations with St. Petersburg. On the spot, however, this entourage is somewhat lost due to the lack of water (a street passes under the bridge instead of a river or canal) and removed gratings (replaced in 2011 with brick).
15 Resurrection Church, st. Ordzhonikidze, 19B (near the Stone bridge). The temple was built in 1752 in the provincial baroque style.
16  Monument to I.S. Nikitin , pl. Nikitin. A preserved pre-revolutionary monument. It was opened in 1911. According to the urban legend, it was not melted down by the Germans during the war years, as it was painted green with oil paint, and this is how wooden monuments were painted in Germany.
17 House of doctor S. V. Martynov (House of police chief, House of Nechaev), st. Karl Marx, 55. A monument of architecture in the Empire style of the 1770s.
18  Lutheran Church of St. Mary Magdalene (Kirch)  , st. Karl Marx, 65. The temple of the early XIX century, a piece of the once significant German diaspora of the city.
19  Church of the Prophet Samuel, st. Karl Marx, 114A. Near the church, the entrance pylon of the fence of the Voznesensky (Chugunovsky) cemetery has been preserved. The territory along the street behind it was previously a cemetery, destroyed in the second half of the 20th century.


Plekhanovskaya street

Plekhanovskaya street is one of the main streets in the city center. Previously, it was called Novomoskovsk and was laid in accordance with the regular plan of 1774. It was a new beginning of the road to Moscow (instead of the Staromoskovskaya, parallel to it, now Karl Marx, which was already discussed above). The street starts from the main building of the Voronezh State University, where the Mitrofanovsky Monastery was previously located, and even earlier the Voronezh Fortress. On the University Square, where the university is located, you can see the stele “Proletarians of all countries, unite!”, which is popularly called lollipop for its characteristic shape. A few meters from the square is a tidy building of the petty-bourgeois council - the first three-story building in the city. It houses a literary museum (see section Museums). Other noteworthy buildings on the street include the former Volzhsko-Kama Bank (now the mayor's office), the Vyakhirevs' store, and the school for the blind (now the local history museum - see the Museums section). At the crossroads with Nikitinskaya Street is the Kligman House, and at the crossroads with Koltsovskaya Street on Koltsovsky Boulevard you can see the second monument to A.V. Koltsov.

20  Monument to the victims of the White Terror in 1919, Plekhanovskaya, 10A (Nadezhda Square). Placed for a decade, in 1929.
21  Monument to I. A. Bunin, Bunin Square (opposite the monument to the victims of the White Terror). Monument to a native of the city of Voronezh, a Nobel laureate. Installed in 1995.
22  Building of the Volga-Kama Bank (Building of City Hall) , Plekhanovskaya st., 10 (near Lenin Square). It was built in 1914-1915 according to the project of the famous Voronezh architect M. N. Zamyatnin. The main façade of the building is somewhat asymmetrical. Its rich, plastically designed decor is made in the neoclassical style.
23 Vyakhirev shop, Plekhanovskaya st., 16. 1904.
24 Kligman House, Nikitinskaya St., 29 (at the crossroads with Plekhanovskaya). Built in 1912 in Art Nouveau style. The younger brother of the Voronezh hotel "Bristol".
25  Monument to A.V. Koltsov , Koltsovsky Boulevard (crossing of Koltsovskaya and Plekhanovskaya). The monument has been moved twice. Initially, it was located opposite the Pokrovsky Cathedral on Sovetskaya Square, then moved along the square closer to the new theater building. There is an urban legend that only the head of Koltsovo is in the monument, and the body was originally either Dzerzhinsky, or a Latvian shooter ...


Lenin Square

Lenin Square is the central square of the city. A popular place for meetings and mass celebrations. In the center of the square there is a monument to V.I. I. S. Nikitina, Opera and Ballet Theatre, Koltsovsky Square. The territory of the square and around it, as well as the place behind the administration building, also belongs to the square. The square looks especially beautiful with illumination at night. In winter, a skating rink and a fair are organized on the square, a New Year tree is set up.

26  Monument to A. V. Koltsov, Koltsovsky Square. Monument of 1868, miraculously survived during the war years, when there was a German cemetery in Koltsovsky Square.
27  Monument to A. S. Pushkin , pl. Lenina, 7 (to the right of the Opera and Ballet Theatre, Pushkin Square).
28 Treatment chair #0001 Wikidata item, pl. Lenina, 1 (behind the administration building). A small sculpture that heals the greed of those who sit on it. It is written on the back of the chair: “Everyone who sits down is charged with goodness and loses his stingy nature.” It is very symbolically located next to the government of the Voronezh Region, in the small Platonov Square (not to be confused with Platonovsky Square on Revolution Avenue).
29 Voronezh Beit-Hava Synagogue, Stankevicha Street, 6 (behind the government building, in the yards). The neo-Moorish style building, unusual for these places, was built at the beginning of the 20th century.


Soviet square

Sovetskaya Square is a large square with a dry fountain. Almost the entire area is occupied by Soviet Square. In the evening, there is a color-musical fountain where you can listen to classical music and rock performed by an orchestra. To the south, along Ordzhonikidze Street, there is an alley of lovers with bright triangles in high-tech style.

30 Intercession Cathedral, st. Bekhtereva, 36 (on Soviet Square). Before the construction of the Annunciation Church - the main cathedral of Voronezh. Located on st. Bekhterev, at Sovietskaya Square (former Myasnaya). Before the revolution, the church was considered a model of classicism and one of the most beautiful buildings in the city. It is dedicated to the feast of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos.
31 House with an owl (Zamiatnin House), st. Alekseevsky, 12. On the facade of the house under the balcony there is a sculpture of an owl on a spruce branch. There is an urban legend that if a couple in love kisses under this balcony, their marriage will be long and happy.
32 Ostrozhny Hillock Observation Deck, Detsky Lane, 26 (go down to the right of the Pokrovsky Cathedral, along Buchkuri Street and Detsky Lane). Excellent view of the reservoir and Chernavsky bridge, especially in the evening.


Nizy/ Bottoms

Nizami in Voronezh is called the numerous small streets that descend from the regular city down to the river. Most of them are very narrow, and some are only one narrow staircase. The houses here rise one above the other, as if in a mountain village. Conventionally, this area can be divided into 2 parts, separated by Stepan Razin Street (former Petrovsky Spusk). In the southern part of the bottoms, the former settlements are conditionally distinguished: Chizhovka and Gusinovka, and the heart is Admiralteyskaya Square. In the northern part, buildings of later times, but better preserved in general. Here, the clear center is Sacco and Vanzetti Street, and the area around it is called Devichok, after the old name of the street - Bolshaya Devichenskaya. Numerous streets stretch from this street up to Revolution Avenue and down to the embankment, still preserving many old buildings, albeit in most cases in a deplorable state.

33 Savior Church, st. Frunze, 16B.
34 Ilyinskaya Church, Sevastyanovsky congress, 26. ☎ +7 (473) 255-90-20
35 Merchant Gardenin's house, Fabrichny per., 12. One of the oldest surviving civil buildings in the city. Next to it is the oldest civil building in the city, which is in ruins.
36  Tikhvino-Onufrievskaya Church  , Factory Lane, 8. ☎ +7 (473) 255-06-34.
37 Vigel House, st. Vaitsehovsky, 2/4. Empire style building.
38 Vvedenskaya Church , Liberation of Labor Street, 20. An excellent example of the Baroque built in 1770-1780.
39 Alekseevo-Akatov convent, st. Liberation of Labor, 1 (in the private sector near the reservoir, not far from the Chernavsky bridge.). The monastery was founded in 1620, originally as a male monastery, it became female only after the revival in the 1990s. Its bell tower, erected in 1674, is the oldest building in Voronezh. Being also the first stone building in the city, it explicitly reproduces the forms of wooden architecture, which makes it look quite simple (much more outstanding things were built in stone in those years), but at the same time organically. The large central cathedral, a two-story church of Metropolitan Alexy, comes from a completely different era - it is a monument of classicism with an unusual round nave. The walls of the monastery partially (including one of the towers) have been preserved since the end of the 18th century. The remaining buildings of the monastery are somewhat younger, among them there are modern ones that do not stand out from the general row at all. The monastery territory is extremely landscaped, it is the only active monastery in Voronezh. Due to its location on a hill, the monastery can offer excellent views from the surrounding private sector and from the embankment, but you can enter it only from the side of Liberation of Labor Street.
40 Dormitory of the Theological Seminary, st. Sacco and Vanzetti, 80. The building where the headquarters of the southwestern front was located.
41 Border sign of Troitskaya Sloboda, st. Lunacharskogo, 32. Border sign of the historical district of the city. It was established in 1867 after a conflict with the Trinity Rural Society during the construction of the railway.


Petrovskaya embankment

Petrovskaya embankment is the most well-maintained part of the Voronezh Nisy and the most well-maintained embankment in the city. The heart of the embankment is Admiralteyskaya Square, equipped on the site of former shipyards, for the 300th anniversary of the Russian fleet. On the embankment, you can take a ride on the motor ship Moskva-16 (see the section On the ship. As of July 2022, the embankment is undergoing a global reconstruction.

42 Admiralteiskaya Square, Admiralteiskaya Square (next to the Admiralteiskaya Church). It is located on the right bank of the Voronezh reservoir where, according to historians, the first Russian Admiralty was located. The venue for mass events, concerts, and on ordinary days - just one of the quiet sections of the Voronezh embankment. Opposite the square there is a small Petrovsky Island.
43 Assumption Admiralty Church, st. Sofia Perovskaya, 9 (on Admiralteyskaya Square). ☎ +7 (952) 540-94-92. The oldest surviving church in Voronezh. The temple was built in the 17th century. It was rebuilt and changed several times, so different styles were mixed in its architecture.
44  ☆ Goto Predestination, Admiralteyskaya Square. ☎ +7 (903) 853-61-60. 09:00-19:00 (Tue-Sun, from May 1 to September 30), 10:00-18:00 (Wed-Sun, from October 1 to April 30). 300 rub. The museum ship is a historical copy of the first Russian battleship built at the Voronezh shipyard in 1698-1700.
45 Rostral column, Adimralteyskaya Square (in the center of the square). The monument, 28 meters high, is dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the Russian Navy. At the foot of the column there is an original anchor from the time of the formation of the Azov fleet in Voronezh.


Southern part of the right bank of the city

The southern part of the right bank of the city has no obvious natural or administrative landmarks and is highlighted in the guide only for the convenience of the tourist. The conditional northern border of this territory should be considered January 9th Street and its natural and historical continuation - Platonova Street. Administratively, the south includes almost completely Leninsky and Sovetsky districts. Most of the territory was built up, if not after the war, then a little before it. Here, in addition to sleeping areas, a large number of houses of the "private sector". All this makes it possible to single out only a few notable stalinas and war memorials on this vast territory. In addition, the construction of barracks and residential buildings of the Romanovskaya Sloboda on Chizhovka and the Literary Necropolis miraculously preserved in Soviet times are interesting. Of the modern buildings, the most remarkable is the laconic white marble building of the Voronezh crematorium: in 2020 it was recognized as the best architectural project in Russia among public buildings.

46 Literary necropolis, st. 20th Anniversary of October, 121 (to the left of the circus). The Literary Necropolis is a preserved part of the former Mitrofanovsky (Newly Built) Cemetery, which was destroyed in the 1970s, and the building of the Voronezh Circus was built on its territory and a park was opened. The park currently bears the name of Durov, and is popularly called the park of the living and the dead. Here are the graves of the poet Alexei Koltsov and his relatives, the poet Ivan Nikitin and the writer Elizaveta Militsyna.
47 "Stalin's skyscraper" on Koltsovskaya, Koltsovskaya st., 82 / st. Voroshilova, 2 (to the right of the circus). The first 14-storey building in the city. Reminds me of Stalinist skyscrapers in Moscow. Illuminated in the evening.
48 "Stalinki" on Deputatskaya, Deputatskaya st., 7, 11. On the house number 11 there are 2 panels "Landing" and "Soaring Girl". The latter initially depicted Stalin holding the girl in his arms. During the years of de-Stalinization, the part personifying the leader was shot down, and the girl remained hanging in the air.
49  Memorial on the Chizhovsky bridgehead (Bratskaya Grave No. 1)  , st. 20th anniversary of October, 37D (on the descent to the Vogresovsky bridge). ☎ +7 (473) 278-25-21. around the clock, memory hall: 10:00-18:00 (Mon-Thurs), 10:00-16:45 (Fri). for free. 15 thousand people who fought on the Chizhovsky bridgehead are buried in a mass grave.
50 Chizhovsky barracks and residential buildings of Romanovskaya Sloboda (Red barracks), Krasnoznamennaya st., st. Chapaeva, st. Marshal Nedelin, Kazarmenny Lane. A complex of red-brick buildings built in the 1910s. It is located between the streets of Krasnoznamennaya, Chapaev and Marshal Nedelin and Barracks Lane.
51 Monument to military pilots (MiG-21), st. Voroshilov / st. Cosmonauts / st. Kolesnichenko. The monument to military pilots was made by a later, post-war MiG-21 fighter. But the place for the monument was not chosen by chance - there used to be a military airfield. The pedestal of the monument was made by the sculptor F. Sushkov.
52 Memorial at the Shilovsky bridgehead, Ostrogozhskaya st., 151 (behind the VAST site). Another monument of authorship of Fyodor Sushkov. Installed on the site of the former village of Shilovo, which was practically destroyed during the Great Patriotic War. At present, only the lonely bell tower of the Mitrofanovskaya Church, located next to the monument, reminds of the village. From the monument there are magnificent views of the reservoir.
53  Sandy log , Klenovy per. / st. Chebotarev. Memorial complex at the burial place of 452 residents of Voronezh, who were shot at this place in 1942 by the Nazi invaders.
54 Monument to tankers (Tank T-34), ave. Patriotov, 28. Made in 1943, the monument was erected in 1979.


Northern part of the right bank of the city

The northern part of the right bank of the city, like the southern part, has no obvious natural or administrative landmarks and is highlighted in the guide only for the convenience of the tourist. The conditional southern border of this territory should be considered January 9th Street and the railway. Administratively, the Kominternovsky and the northern part of the Central District belong to the north. Most of this is built up with residential neighborhoods and the "private sector". The most interesting in terms of architecture here is the complex of buildings of the Agricultural Institute, built in 1913-1939. It is also worth noting the new symbol of the city - the Kitten from Lizyukov Street and the military memorials Rotunda and the Monument of Glory. Occasionally, excursions are organized to the historical and memorial Comintern Cemetery.

55 Rotunda, st. Transportnaya, 54. Monument of the Great Patriotic War - the remains of the bombed-out educational building of the children's regional hospital. In 2008, the reinforced concrete dome of the rotunda collapsed, and it was surrounded by a small fence.
56  Complex of buildings SHI , st. Michurina, 1 (main building). A large university campus built in the early 20th century. Almost all buildings of the complex are architectural monuments. The most remarkable is naturally the main academic building of the Agrarian University. Opposite it is the arboretum of VGAU - the park of K. D. Glinka. The town also has a botanical garden. B. A. Keller, which is closed for visits most of the time. To the north of the campus, there is the building of the Forestry University, with an arboretum attached to it, which is open to the public.
57 Monument to the Kitten from Lizyukov Street, st. Generala Lizyukov, 4. Monument to the cartoon character "Kitten from Lizyukov Street", installed in 2003 in the Northern microdistrict of Voronezh on Lizyukov Street
58  Monument of Glory (Bratskaya Grave No. 2) , Moskovsky Ave., Sq. Glory. The memorial complex at the mass grave of the soldiers of the Soviet Army who died in the battles for Voronezh during the Great Patriotic War. About 10 thousand people were buried in the mass grave of soldiers. Despite the creation of the monument in Soviet times, the monument has a religious connotation: the image of a nursing woman on it refers to the Mother of God and Jesus, and the woman’s hairstyle repeats the Orthodox halo.
59  Church of Xenia of Petersburg  , st. Vladimir Nevsky, 48/1k1. The Church of Xenia of Petersburg is new, but worth a look if you happen to be in the area. On a large square, bordered by a ring road, there is a well-maintained temple complex. In addition to the main temple, there is the Alexander Nevsky Church, a monument to Xenia of Petersburg, a chapel in honor of the righteous John of Kronstadt and a monument to him, a bell tower is being built. There is also the "Grove of the Heart", which was one of the places of fierce battles for Voronezh. To the north of the temple is a small Cathedral Market, where a monument to the seller and the buyer is erected.
60 Ascension Church, st. Lomonosov, 1/3. ☎ +7 (473) 280-16-90. 09:00-17:00. The temple is of unusual wooden architecture for Voronezh and belongs to the Novgorod architectural style. The log cabin of the temple was brought from the Arkhangelsk region, which has some symbolism with the location on the street named after the most famous native of the Pomor region. In the evening it is illuminated, which allows you to see it well at night, even from the Left Bank.


Left Coast

The left bank is a vast territory on the eastern side of the Voronezh River. Despite its size, there are few iconic sights here. This part of the city became part of it in the first quarter of the 20th century, and almost immediately began to be built up with industrial enterprises and residential buildings. For smoking factories, the Left Bank received an ironic name from the inhabitants - "Gaza Strip", after which the Voronezh rock band known throughout the country was later named. The soloist of the group Yuri Klinskikh (Khoy) is buried at the Left Bank Cemetery, his grave is a place of "pilgrimage" for the group's fans. The most remarkable objects of the left bank are the Losevs - Shatilovs - Stal-von-Holsteins estate and the former temples of suburban villages (Otrozhki, Monastyrshchenki, Borovoe, Repnoy). In the southern part, across the Peschanka River, is South Park, in which, according to an urban legend widely circulated by TASS, the New York Times, the Washington Post and other tabloids, an unidentified flying object with aliens landed in 1989.

61 Kazan Church, st. Suvorova, 79 (near the shopping center Maksimir). ☎ +7 (473) 223-05-95. Temple in the Russian style.
62 Layout of the barcalon "Mercury", st. Brusilov (the end of the Chernavsky bridge dam, in Ilyich Square). For a long time, the model stood south of the Vogresovsky bridge in the middle of the Voronezh reservoir. When it was placed on the water, it looked unusual and was difficult for tourists to reach. It could only be seen in winter or from a boat/ship. Now this entourage is lost, nevertheless the monument deserves attention.
63 Assumption Seminary Church (Assumption Church on Monastyrshchenko), Leninsky Prospekt, 41. ☎ +7 (473) 249-20-20. From the church, you can walk along Olkhovy Lane to the poorly equipped Aviastroiteley Embankment, from where a panorama of the right-bank part of the city opens.
64 Sturmovik Il-2, st. Heroes of the Stratosphere / st. Tsiolkovsky. The plane was raised from the bottom of the lake in the Belgorod region and restored at the Voronezh aircraft factory. To the southwest of the monument stretches the street of the Heroes of the Stratosphere with preserved pre-war stalins. Particularly noteworthy are houses No. 13, 3 and 1.
65 Monument to S. M. Kirov, Leninsky Prospekt, 2/2 (square at the main entrance of the Voronezhsintezkauchuk plant). The surviving pre-war monument of 1940.
66 Estate of the Losevs - Shatilovs - Stal-von-Holsteins, st. Grinko, 10 (in Repnoy). ☎ +7 (473) 269-72-23, +7 (920) 402-76-12. visits are only possible by appointment.


What to do


Museum of Local Lore , Plekhanovskaya st., 29. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 252-16-47. In addition to the main building on Plekhanovskaya, it includes a separate ship-museum "Goto Predestination" (see the Petrovskaya Embankment section) and:
Museum "Arsenal" (Department "The Great Patriotic War of 1941-45"), st. Stepan Razin, 43. ☎ +7 (473) 255-24-21. 11:00-18:00 (Wed-Sun). The museum is located in the building of the former cloth factory of the Gardenins and is one of the oldest surviving civil buildings in the city.
!!4  A. L. Durov House-Museum , st. Durova, 2 (near the Massalitinov embankment). ☎ +7 (473) 253-03-87. 11:00-18:00 (Wed), 10:00-18:00 (Thu-Sun). Feb 2023
Funds of the Museum of Local Lore (House of the Governor), ave. Revolution, 22. ☎ +7 (473) 253-14-96. 10:00-18:00 (Wed, Sat, Sun), 12:00-20:00 (Thurs), 11:00-18:00 (Fri). To the left of the governor's house in Platonovsky Square there is a monument to the writer Platonov, a native of the city.
Art Museum. Kramskoy, ave. Revolution, 18. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 255-34-89. For a provincial museum, a good collection of Russian paintings - Kramskoy, Ge, Kuindzhi - and a completely unexpected exposition of Egyptian antiquities. The museum is located in the only palace-type building in the city (1777). There are legends that the palace was intended for Empress Catherine II or the last Crimean Khan Shahin Giray, but these versions are untenable.
Literary Museum. I. S. Nikitina, Plekhanovskaya st., 3. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 222-64-71. Wed-Sun: 10-18; Thu: 12-20. Structurally, in addition to the main building, it includes the museum-estate of D. V. Venenvitinov
House-Museum of I. S. Nikitin, Nikitinskaya st., 19A.
Apartment-Museum of M. N. Mordasova, pl. Lenina, 9, apt. 32.
Museum of I. A. Bunin (Manor of Germanovskaya), ave. Revolution, 3. Almost opposite the museum is the former school. Emperor Peter the Great built in 1913.
Marshak Center (House of Tyurins), Nikitinskaya st., 22 (opposite Nikitin's house-museum). The house of the sister of Ivan Savvich Nikitin.
Museum-Diorama, Leninsky prospekt, 94. ☎ +7 (473) 254-70-04. Mon-Fri: 10-18; Sat-Sun: 11-15. for free. The museum is located on the Left Bank in Patriots Park. In the park, in addition to the museum, there is an exposition of military equipment both from the time of the Great Patriotic War and more modern, including the Mi-8T helicopter. In the center of the park in 2010, a memorial stele "Voronezh - the city of military glory" was installed. Before the museum, in its place was a rather unusual sculpture of a soldier breaking the Nazi swastika with his hands.
Exhibition Hall of the Museum-Diorama, st. Kirova, 8. ☎ +7 (473) 277-43-36. 10:00-18:00 (Mon-Fri).
Museum of Forgotten Music  , st. January 9, 108 (in the City Palace of Culture). ☎ +7 (950) 761-91-12. by appointment. Museum, which shows the variety of Russian folk musical instruments. Visitors are given the opportunity not only to hear the sound of the instruments, but also to try to play them themselves.
Museum of the History of Public Education of the Voronezh Region  , st. Birch Grove, 54. ☎ +7 (473) 235-20-29. Wed, Thurs, Sat, Sun: 10am-6pm; Fri: 11am-6pm; Mon-Tue - days off; last Thursday of every month: 12-20.
Museum "Peter's Ships", st. Svobody, 59. ☎ +7 (473) 277-25-47. 09:00-18:00. 300 rub.
National Museum of S. A. Yesenin, st. Karl Marx, 112. ☎ +7 (473) 235-59-36. 10:00-18:00 (Tue-Sat).
Exhibition Hall of the Union of Artists of Russia, Pushkinskaya st., 7 (2nd floor). ☎ +7(473) 253-15-16.
Museums of the Voronezh State University, Universitetskaya sq., 1 (some museums are located in other buildings). Voronezh State University is one of the largest universities in Russia and one of the leading centers of Russian science and culture. Created in 1918 on the basis of the Imperial Yuryev University, which was evacuated from Yuryev (now Tartu). The university includes several museums: books, history of VSU, folk culture and ethnography, archaeological, anatomical, geological, soil them. prof. P. G. Aderikhin, vegetation cover of the Central Chernozem region named after. prof. K.F. Khmeleva, zoological them. prof. I. I. Barabash-Nikiforova, nature of the Usman forest and virtual. Most of them are located in the main building of the university, which was built on the site of the Mitrofanevsky Monastery destroyed during the war. On the square near the building there is a stele “Proletarians of all countries, unite!”, which is nicknamed by students and residents of the city of Chupa-Chups for its characteristic shape. Not so long ago, it was planned to erect a monument to the voivode Saburov, the founder of the Voronezh fortress, in its place (it was on the site of the university and its environs, even before the monastery), but the residents did not like the idea of demolishing the stele.
Archaeological Museum of the VSPU named after Professor A. T. Sinyuk, st. Lenina, 86 (the main building of the VSPU). ☎ +7 (920) 419-76-83.



Voronezh Academic Drama Theater named after A. V. Koltsov, ave. Revolution, 55. ☎ +7 (473) 2-555-472 (ticket office). 10:00-20:00. from 300 rub. One of the oldest theaters in Russia, founded in 1787. The first building of the theater was built in 1821, already in 1886 it was rebuilt in the Russian style by the architect Chichagov (Samara Drama Theater - a similar work of his of the same years). In 1937, the building was again overhauled, as a result of which it received the features of Stalinist neoclassicism. During the war, the building was damaged, but completely restored by 1947.
Voronezh State Opera and Ballet Theatre, pl. Lenina, 7. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 255-39-27 (ticket office), fax: +7 (473) 239-36-04. 09:00-22:00.
Chamber Theatre, st. Karl Marx, 55A. ☎ +7 (473) 280-12-70 (cashier). 09:30-20:30.
Nikitinsky Theater   (performances are now mainly held in the building of the Chamber Theatre). ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 228-73-82 (cashier). The theater has been nominated for several Golden Masks. For a long time he worked in the building of the Palace of Culture of the Railwaymen, but in 2022 the lease was canceled.

Voronezh State Puppet Theater "Jester" them. V. Volkhovsky, ave. Revolution, 50. ☎ +7 (473) 255-64-23. Children's puppet theater in an unusual building for the Soviet era. On the 3rd floor there is a theater puppet museum. A huge unusual clock is installed on the walls of a neighboring building.
Voronezh State Theater for Young Spectators (TYUZ)   , st. Dzerzhinsky, 10A. ☎ +7 (473) 255-73-33 (cashier). 10:00-19:00
Theater of equals   , st. Dzerzhinsky, 10A (in the building of the Youth Theater). ☎ +7 (903) 653-80-51. 10:00-19:00. The theater, the actors of which are ordinary young people and boys and girls with disabilities.
Voronezh circus, st. 20th Anniversary of October, 121. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 276-59-02. 09:00-19:00. Behind the circus is the park named after Durov, or as Voronezh residents call it, the park of the living and the dead (ZhiM). The fact is that the park, like the circus, was opened on the site of the former Newly Built Cemetery. Near the circus there is a small Literary necropolis, in which the famous writers Koltsov, Nikitin and Militsyna are buried. In the building of the circus, in addition to circus performances, concerts are held.
Actor's house Kravtsova, st. Dzerzhinsky, 5A (theaters "Entreprise" and "Neformat",). ☎ +7 (473) 255-63-28
Music and Drama Theater "Through the Looking Glass"  , pl. Children, 1 (in the building of the Palace of Creativity of Children and Youth). ☎ +7 (473) 254-10-19.



Star & Mlad  , Solnechny settlement, Parkovaya st., 3, (SEC City-Park Grad, 2nd floor). ☎ +7 (473) 228-03-54. from 250 rub. Nine-screen cinema.
Star & Mlad  , Moskovsky prospekt, 129/1 (SEC Moskovsky prospekt, 3rd floor). ☎ +7 (473) 228-03-54. from 230 rub. Six-screen cinema.
Left Bank, Leninsky Prospekt, 1D (SEC Left Bank, 4th floor). ☎ +7 (473) 202-55-20. 10:00-02:00. from 150 rub. Four-screen cinema.
Maksimir, Leninsky Prospect, 174P (SEC Maksimir, 3rd floor). ☎ +7 (473) 233-37-77. 09:00-02:00. from 140 rub. Six-screen cinema.
Okko, Koltsovskaya st., 35 (SEC Gallery Chizhova). ☎ +7 (800) 700-01-11. 10:00-01:00. from 120 rub. A ten-screen cinema, 1 IMAX hall with a screen of 28x16 meters - one of the largest in Europe.
Okko, blvd. Pobedy, 23B (SEC Arena, 3rd floor). ☎ +7 (800) 700-01-11. 10:00-22:00. from 150 rub. Seminal cinema.
Spartak  , pl. Lenina, 13. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 239-93-85 (ticket booking). from 100 rub. One of the oldest cinemas in Voronezh. It was opened in 1913 under the name "Empire". In Soviet times, it was renamed Spartak. During the Great Patriotic War, the original building was badly damaged and was restored in the Stalinist Empire style. Now it is a large entertainment complex, which includes 6 cinema halls, a bowling alley, the Grand Cafe Empire and the Double Two coffee house.
Proletary (Proletka), ave. Revolution, 56. ☎ +7 (473) 255-15-51. from 120 rub. One of the oldest cinemas in the city. The first building of the cinema "Crippled Warrior" was built in 1914-1917 in the neoclassical style. On the 4th floor there are sculptures of six muses. In Soviet times, the cinema was renamed, and in 1966-1969 a new semicircular building was added from the corner. A mosaic panel "Prometheus" is placed on the semicircular wall of the foyer. The cinema has 2 halls, in the large hall there are small double boxes. Burger King and Zhar Pizza on the 1st floor.
Youth, st. Komissarzhevskaya, 7. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 253-10-02 (ticket booking). 10:00-02:00. from 130 rub. The cinema was built in 1963. In its place, until the destruction during the war years, there was a cinema "Palace". There are 2 halls in the cinema, as well as in Proletka, there are boxes in the large hall.


Parks and squares

Koltsovsky Square, Lenin Square. Leisure park located in the center of Voronezh. One of the popular places for recreation of the townspeople. Named after the Russian poet A. V. Koltsov. In the square there is a light and music fountain and a monument to Koltsov in 1868, miraculously survived during the war years, when there was a German cemetery in Koltsovsky square. In the evening, if you're lucky, you can hear the nightingale singing.
Park "Eaglet", st. Friedrich Engels. 07:00-23:00. The park is famous for its classical fountain and monuments to Orlyonok, Mandelstam, Vaytsehovsky and Troepolsky. The entrance to the park is decorated with a colonnade, which adjoins the Voronezh Five Corners (the intersection of Friedrich Engels, Feoktistov and Mira streets). On the flowerbed in the center of the intersection there is an extraordinary monument - the stele "Glory to Soviet Science", which is commonly called the "monument of DNA", although the spiral is single, and in general, the design is more like a caduceus rod. There is an urban legend that this stele and the stele "Proletarians of all countries unite!", near the university, were mixed up and mistakenly installed in the wrong places.
Central Park, st. Lenina, 10 (behind the Dynamo stadium). A great place for citizens to relax with playgrounds, fountains, "Green Theatre".
Park "Scarlet Sails"  , Arzamasskaya st., 93. Recently reconstructed pine park in the Left Bank district of the city. Located on the banks of the Voronezh reservoir overlooking the Chernavsky bridge dam. In winter, a skating rink is organized on the square. At one of the entrances, there is an anchor support for a power transmission line, which is retrofitted as a lighthouse, and which glows in the evening. Next to it, you can go to the embankment of the reservoir, from where a picturesque panorama of the right-bank part of the city opens. The park has its own beach, where swimming is prohibited - you can only sunbathe. Boat rentals are also available.
Dolphin Park, st. Ostuzheva, 2V. A recently reconstructed pine park in the Zheleznodorozhny district of the city. Located on the banks of the Voronezh reservoir overlooking the North Bridge.
Sports and recreation complex "Olympic", Moskovsky prospekt, 150. The most popular city recreation park, located on the outskirts of Voronezh. There are several illuminated asphalt paths. In summer you can rent bicycles or roller skates, in winter - skis. The start of the Great Voronezh ecological trail is organized in Olympic, and if it is not possible to go through the entire trail with a length of about 40 km, then it is enough to try the Nagorny section to the White Mountain, from which there are fascinating views of the upper reaches of the reservoir. Along the way, don't miss the centuries-old oak tree.
Victory Park, blvd. Pobedy, 23D (near the Arena shopping mall). A large landscaped park at the landing site in 1930 of the first landing in the USSR. In this regard, monuments "Voronezh - the birthplace of the Airborne Forces" and General of the Army Vasily Margelov have been erected here, and a museum of the Airborne Forces is being built. In the park, you can take a ride on the only Ferris wheel in the city (10:00–22:00; ☎ +7 (960) 139-66-67) 37 meters high, but you can practically only see the park from it, since many surrounding the wheel residential buildings above it.
Park "Tanais", st. Oleko Dundicha, 2. The park area is spread over 24 hectares and mostly coniferous trees grow on its territory. After the destruction of the children's fairy-tale town and the closure of the battered amusement park, it is a pine forest with squirrels in the middle of the outskirts of the city, which the city has in abundance in other parts of the city (for example, Oasis parks, Optimists, Northern Forest, etc.). It makes sense to visit if you live nearby, or for swimming in outdoor pools] with the beach area of SC "Prometheus" (from 100 rubles per hour).
Pridachenskaya dam, Dimitrova street. The dam was built in 1786 for overland communication along the floodplain from the Chernavsky bridge to the suburban village of Pridacha. In 1972, the Voronezh reservoir was filled and an island was formed on the site of the old dam, which was connected to the left bank of Voronezh by a suspension bridge. For a long time there was a central city beach. At the end of 2010, the neglected territory of the dam was ennobled, but also built up with sports facilities.
Botanical Garden named after Professor B. M. Kozo-Polyansky, st. Botanical Garden, 1 (Olympic Boulevard, 12. There is a red door next to the concrete fence.). ☎ +7 906-676-67-18; +7 (473) 251-84-38. Walks start strictly on time: 10:00, 12:00, 14:00, 16:00, 18:00 (Wed-Fri), 14:00, 16:00, 18:00 (Sat-Sun). 300 rub.



Voronezh Zoo (Zoo named after A. S. Popov), st. Polina Osipenko, 6A (Aviatoriteley Park). ☎ +7 (473) 239-47-91. 10:00-20:00 (summer), 10:00-18:00 (winter), Tue-Sun. 150 rub. The zoo's collection includes more than 150 species of animals and 100 species of plants, including those listed in the Red Book of Russia.
Chervlyony Yar, Smorodinovaya st., 2D (on the left bank near the Voronezh dam). ☎ +7 (473) 262-27-86. 10:00-19:00 (summer), 10:00-17:00 (winter), Fri-Sun. 150 rub. A separate forest area of the zoo in the Voronezh “crucibles” (as in Voronezh they call any wilderness, a remote place). Here, in the open air, many different animals live in large pens.
Voronezh Oceanarium, Solnechny village, Parkovaya st., 3 (SEC City-Park Grad). ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 228-03-18. 14:00-21:00 (Mon), 10:00-21:00 (Tue-Sun). 450 rub. The total area is 4.4 thousand m², of which 1.5 thousand m² is occupied by exposition objects - aquariums, aquaterrariums, enclosures. The aquarium features 180 species of fish, 55 species of mammals, birds, reptiles, invertebrates and other animals.



Voronezh has relatively small, mostly sandy beaches, which are often heavily polluted. Entrance to all beaches is free, with the exception of the sanatorium and some camp sites. On most beaches on the Voronezh Sea, swimming is prohibited (you can only sunbathe). However, when you see the blooming water of the reservoir, you yourself will not want to swim there. The most famous such beaches are in the Scarlet Sails park (see the Parks and Squares section), at the Vogresovsky Bridge (near the Kirov Palace of Culture) and in Otrozhok on the street. Panfilov. In addition to those noted below, among the beaches available for swimming among the townspeople, the beaches in the vicinity are popular: in the sports complex "White Well" (there is a glamping that became the best in Russia in 2022); in Chertovitsky, Stupino (Limpopo beach) and other villages nearby the city.

Beach of the Gorky Sanatorium, Gorky Sanatorium, 1 (along Darvina St. to the reservoir, or minibus No. 70M). 8:00-19:00. 100 rub. (for vacationers in the sanatorium free of charge). In fact, there are two beaches here. One paid - with the usual beach infrastructure and boat rental. Through the fence to the north of the paid one is an unequipped free beach. Although these beaches are located on the reservoir, they have clean water due to being in the upper reaches of the reservoir and on the former channel section of the river. To the south of the beach there is a high cliff - the Kuznetsovsk settlement. There are no historical buildings here, but from a hill you can see the beach and the upper reaches of the reservoir.
Borovskoy beach (Usmansky beach), Plyazhnaya street, 1 (microdistrict Borovoe, buses No. 90, 14, 88A, train to the Borovska platform). for free. Perhaps the largest and most popular beach in the city. It is located in the Borovoye microdistrict on the Usmanka River (a tributary of Voronezh). Periodically, it does not pass the test for sanitary and epidemiological indications, but nevertheless, on hot days, there is nowhere for an apple to fall.
Beach "Sands"   (along the street. Surveyors (it is also a detour of the city along the M4)). ☎ +7 (916) 691-80-00. free, paid parking. Well maintained beach. It is possible to stay with a tent (camping). Located in the clean upper reaches of the Voronezh reservoir. It is inconvenient to get here on foot (about an hour from the nearest stop), it is better to take a taxi (350 rubles).
Beach "Sosnovy Bor" (on the street. Izyskateley after Borovoy to the right). 09:00-21:00. 300 rubles, paid parking 1000 rubles. One of the best equipped beaches in the city. Located on the Usmanka River (a tributary of the Voronezh). It is inconvenient to get here on foot (about an hour from the nearest stop), it is better to take a taxi (350 rubles). It is possible to stay with a tent (camping).
Admiral (Val de Bo)  , Moskovsky Ave., 146. ☎ +7 (473) 211-07-00. 09:00-21:00 (subject to good weather). 800 rubles (weekdays) 1000 rubles (weekends). An alternative to river beaches can be a beach by an outdoor pool. 4 swimming pools with a heating system, a small inflatable water park.
The Voda  , st. Darwin, 1E. ☎ +7 (473) 269 40 50. 10:00-21:00 (pool); 12:00-00:00 (Sun-Thu), 12:00-02:00 (Fri-Sat) (restaurant). 500 rubles (weekdays), 800 rubles (weekends). Restaurant with an alternative to river beaches - an outdoor pool. It is possible to ride a wakeboard on the reservoir.
Prince, Moskovsky Ave., 171B. ☎ +7 (929) 007-97-70 (pool), +7 (929) 006-90-90 (restaurant). 10:00-20:00 (pool); 12:00-01:00 (Mon-Fri), 12:00-01:00 (Sat-Sun) (restaurant). 800 rubles (Mon-Fri), 1000 rubles (Sat-Sun) per day. Restaurant and entertainment complex. Here, a stylized pond acts as a pool with a beach.


Sports and active recreation

On the ground
Central Stadium of Trade Unions (Trud), Studencheskaya st., 17. ☎ +7 (473) 252-10-31. The main sports arena of the city of Voronezh. The Voronezh team Fakel, which in 2022 again entered the Russian Premier League, plays matches here. There is also a sports museum under one of the stands (☎ +7 (473) 259-80-45).
Ice Palace of Sports "Jubilee", st. Karl Marx, 116. ☎ +7 (473) 252-26-34. Yubileiny is the home arena of HC Buran (High Hockey League), whose matches can be watched here. Ice skating takes place from October to April. It is also used as a concert venue throughout the year.
Ski resort "Dongor"  , Semiluki village, Chernysheva Gora. ☎ +7 (473) 229-59-49, +7 (920) 229-59-49. winter: 15:00-23:00 (Tue-Fri), 10:00-22:00 (Sat-Sun); spring-autumn: 10:00-22:00. 4 ski slopes with a length of 270-350 m with a height difference of 40 m, equipped with lifts. Artificial snow system. 4 tubing tracks. There is a cafe, a bathhouse, a hotel. In the summer, it works as a camp site.
Voronezh Hippodrome  , p. Babyakovo, Tambovskaya st., 9. ☎ +7 (473) 294-00-05. It is possible to train, ride a troika and a one-horse team. Races with bets are organized. Jun 2022
62  Climbing wall "Energy"   , st. Voroshilov, 1. ☎ +7 (930) 425-06-20. 18:00-22:00 (Mon-Fri), 10:00-14:00, 18:00-22:00 (Sat), 10:00-22:00 (Sun).
Shooting-bench complex "Vaitsekhovsky and son"  , Ostrogozhskaya st., 93A. ☎ +7 (473) 239-17-93. 11:30-23:00. Restaurant, hotel, Russian bath, trap shooting, billiards, shooting range, hunting club, horseback riding in the forest.
Kvadr36 (Recreation Area)  , st. Antonova-Ovseenko, 30. ☎ +7 (920) 466-61-05. from 4000 rub / hour. Walks around the Voronezh suburbs on quad bikes, enduro pit bikes.
Karting club Adrenaline  , Moskovsky prospekt, 9 (to the right of the Komintern Palace of Culture). ☎ +7 (473) 233-22-22. 12:00-23:00. from 800 rub. Open track - 1000 m, indoor track - 400 m.
Karting club Energy  , Moskovsky prospekt, 102B (Shintorg store building, entrance from the yard, 6th floor). ☎ +7 (920) 409-28-67. 12:00-23:00. from 650 rubles Indoor karting with 500m track.

On the water
Sailing along the Voronezh reservoir  , Arzamasskaya st., 2. ☎ +7 (908) 137-75-64. from 1500 rubles / hour. Walks on a sailing yacht in Voronezh, sailing training is also available.
Wake Up  , st. Darwin, 1E. ☎ +7 (920) 411-07-80. Wakeboarding.
Hawaii-1, Embankment st., 15. ☎ +7 (906) 674-17-22. SUP board rental for a walk along the Voronezh reservoir. There is a promotion: for 2000 rubles, take a combined package of trolls + supboard (valid for 10 days).

In the air
Trolley flight (Hey! Trolls)  , Proletarskaya st., 87B (near Chernavsky bridge, Saburov center). ☎ +7 (473) 205-22-77. 10:00-20:00. 1000 rubles / 1400 rubles on weekends. Forty-second trolley flight over the Voronezh River to the Chernavskaya dam. For an additional 200 rubles from 10:00 to 15:00, you can add breakfast at the 1586 restaurant. Or, for 2000 rubles, take a combined package of trolls + supboard (valid for 10 days).
Flight in a wind tunnel (Like Fly), Moskovsky prospekt, 157b (extreme park "Shishki"). ☎ +7 (473) 211-53-38. 11:00-20:00 (Wed-Sun). from 1700 rub / 2 min. Wind tunnel "Like Fly" in the extreme park "Shishki". In addition to the wind tunnel, laser tag, a rope town, small climbing walls and trolls are available in the park.
Helicopter flight, ave. Labor, 131. ☎ +7 (923) 484-30-75. from 35,000 rubles / 30 min / 3 people Currently (July 2022) flights in Voronezh are limited.
Balloon flight (Air balloonists-Voronezh), st. Karl Marx, 38. ☎ +7 (473) 256-88-88. from 7000 rub. Flight over the outskirts of Voronezh.
Airplane flight  , Borshchevo airfield. ☎ +7 (903) 651-47-99. 8:00-17:00 (office, Mon-Fri), from 09:00 (Sat, Sun, flights). Over Voronezh itself, an airplane flight is unlikely to be allowed, and it will be very short. But you can fly over the outskirts of Voronezh. Currently (July 2022) flights in Voronezh and the region are temporarily limited.



Voronezh Philharmonic  , pl. Lenina, 11A. ☎ +7 (473) 255-48-77. 10:00-19:00 (ticket office). from 300 rub. The building of the Philharmonic was built in 1908 for the second cinema in the city, called "Thaumatograph".
Voronezh Concert Hall (VKZ)  , Teatralnaya st., 17 (on Sovetskaya Square). ☎ +7 473 254-56-66. 11:00-19:00. The building of the concert hall was built as a replacement for the dilapidated drama theater. However, the acoustics on the new stage turned out to be weak, as a result, the theater returned to its historical building, and a concert hall was organized in this building.
Concert Hall Event Hall  , pos. Solnechny, Parkovaya st., 3 (in City-Park Grad shopping mall). ☎ +7 (473) 228-02-01.


Festivals and holidays

Children's theater festival "Marshak"   (end of March - beginning of April). ☎ +7 (473) 255-55-30. As part of the festival, Russian and international performances for children and teenagers are shown at Voronezh venues.
All-Russian Festival of Japanese Animation (VRNFEST)     (beginning of May). The festival has been held since 2000. The main event of the festival is the cosplay show.
Victory Day (May 9). A widely celebrated holiday in the city. The celebration centers are Revolution Avenue and Admiralteyskaya Square.
Provincial festival "Folklore Voronezh"  , Central Park (beginning of June). The festival is dedicated to the original folk culture of the Voronezh region, its folklore heritage, ethnography, crafts, games, traditions of Russian folk costume. A concert of the best folk groups of the Voronezh region and the Chernozem region is arranged.
Platonov Arts Festival   (beginning of June). ☎ +7 (473) 255-55-30. The largest project of the festival is the parade of street theaters on Revolution Avenue.
Rock festival Chernozem    (mid-August). ✉ from 2500 rub. One of the largest rock festivals in Russia. From 2015 to 2019 it was held in Tambov, in 2020-2021 it was canceled due to the pandemic. At the festival, in addition to famous rock musicians, you can see the monument to Alyonka, which has thundered throughout the country, and has become one of the new symbols of the festival. At the same time, a gastronomic festival, also known as a food court, is held on the same site.
Festival of Gardens and Flowers "Voronezh - Garden City" (Garden City)  , Central Park (beginning of September). ☎ +7 (473) 234-56-78. 10:00-20:00. for free. International festival, which has been held annually in Voronezh since 2011. The exhibition demonstrates the achievements of landscape, floristic and landscape gardening art. The festival is one of the largest events held in Voronezh.
City Day (3rd Saturday in September). A widely celebrated holiday in the city. The celebration centers are Revolution Avenue and Admiralteyskaya Square.
Literary and historical festival "Russian Summer"  , Central Park (end of September). Festival of traditional Russian culture.
Festival "Multinational Voronezh" (November-December). About 180 different peoples live in the Voronezh region, the festival stands up for the preservation of their national traditions, language and culture.



One day route (blue route on the map). In one day, it is quite possible to see the bulk of the sights, if not the entire city, then at least its center. The starting point of the route can be Chernyakhovsky Square near the Voronezh 1 station: here you can see the station building, old steam locomotives, a monument to an immigrant to General Chernyakhovsky, have breakfast in Barankino (or a little later in Barbara's Shop at Orlyonok). Then, following the small street of the World, go to Voronezh's Five Corners with a monument to Soviet science, explore the Orlyonok park with numerous monuments. Then walk diagonally from the park to the Annunciation Cathedral, after passing the park it will be difficult not to notice the building of the management of the South Eastern Railway, to which you have to go through the underpass, here you can look into the art museum in the yard, if not to inspect it, then at least look at the Putevoi itself castle.
After that, you need to go through the same underground passage, but through Revolution Avenue, to Petrovsky Square with a monument to Peter I. Here the walk along the avenue begins, you should go south towards the house of the state chamber, behind which you can buy souvenirs in the salon "Liki Voronezh. Next, turn left in front of the post office building onto Pobedy Square, after which return to the avenue from the southern entrance. Then, along the avenue, you can see the Tulinovs' house, the building of the Mariinsky Women's Gymnasium, the former Bristol Hotel, the monument to Bim, the Proletary cinema, the Utyuzhok trading house, the drama theater and many other buildings and objects from different sides.

On Nikitin Square (near the Iron / Proletarian) you should turn right onto Karl Marx Street, here you will see numerous monuments (to Nikitin, Marshak, Vysotsky, Stoll) and ancient buildings (Martynov's house, church, "Accordion"). Having reached Koltsovskaya Street, you should turn left onto Koltsovsky Boulevard in the middle of the street, at the end of it there is a monument to Koltsov. After the monument, turn left, first crossing Koltsovskaya Street, and then Plekhanovskaya. Here you can have lunch at the Chizhov Gallery in Balagan City or visit the Museum of Local Lore. For the next few blocks, you should walk along Plekhanovskaya Street towards Lenin Square. At the intersection with Nikitinskaya Street is the Art Nouveau Kligman House, the younger brother of the Bristol Hotel, which has already been examined.

Walking along Plekhanovskaya to the monument to Pushkin, you will find yourself on Lenin Square. After inspecting the main square of the city, passing through Koltsovsky Square to the north, and further along Revolution Avenue, you will again come out to Nikitin Square. Then you should turn right onto Karl Marx Street to the theater, and then almost immediately onto Teatralnaya Street, along which you can get to Sovetskaya Square. Not missing the house with the Owl on a parallel street, inspect Sovetskaya Square and exit it along Ordzhonikidze Street towards the Resurrection Church and the Stone Bridge.

At the bridge, turn again onto Karl Marx Street, and having reached the fire tower, turn left onto the descent along Dekabristov Street to Admiralteyskaya Square. After inspecting the square and the Goto Predestination ship, you should move north along Petrovskaya Embankment in the direction of Chernavsky Bridge (you can have dinner at the Food-n-Wood restaurant along the way). The day trip ends at the bridge.

Further, depending on the time and desire, you can take a boat trip along the Reservoir, explore the Voronezh Nisy along Sacco and Vanzetti streets, have dinner at the 1586 restaurant or return to the center on foot along Stepan Razin street or anywhere in the city by bus.

The proposed route has a length of about 10 km, does not have any climbs (but has a long descent to the reservoir) and contains almost all the main attractions of the center. It can be expanded to an even more complete one in the center with sightseeing with a return to the route of the Samuil Church (+500 m), the synagogue (+600 m), the Ostrozhny Hillock observation deck (+1.2 km, half of them back uphill) or sights Nizov (almost everywhere terrain with ups and downs): House of the merchant Gardenin and Tikhvin-Onufrievskaya Church (+1 km from Petrovsky Square, or from Chernavsky Bridge at the end of the route - which is more convenient); Church of the Savior and Elias (+1.4 km from the tower); Vigel House, Vvedenskaya Church, Alekseev-Akatov Convent and Dormitory of the Theological Seminary (+2.6 km from Chernavsky Bridge at the end of the route).

Great Voronezh ecological trail. Here, unlike the previous route, one day is not enough. The length of the route is more than 60 km, which may well take 3-4 walking days. The route is circular and runs around the northern part of the Voronezh reservoir. Here, trails and roads cover the forest areas of the Central and Zheleznodorozhny districts of Voronezh and Novousmansky and Ramonsky districts of the Voronezh region. The trail consists of 3 large sections: Nagornaya, Chertovitskaya and Usmanskaya trails. The first section of the Nagornaya trail (15 km) passes through the Nagornaya oak forest reserve from the Gorky sanatorium to Belaya Gora. There are several dozen archaeological sites (which are identified with the legendary Vantit) and picturesque natural tracts, including a centuries-old oak. In addition to the sanatorium, the optimal entry points are the Sports Complex "Olympic" and the City-Park "Grad" shopping mall. The second section of the Chertovitskaya trail (10 km) also passes through the territory of the Nagornaya oak forest, on the way there are the village of Chertovitsy and the village of Ramon with an English-style palace (see the section Surroundings). After Ramon, the third section of the Usman trail (14 km) begins, which already passes through the Usman forest in the Voronezh reserve. On the way there will be the “Menagerie” cordon, Turtle Lake (and, surprisingly, turtles really live here), the village of Maklok with centuries-old oaks Svyatogor, a ford across the Usmanka River near the Stables tract. The final section runs along the left bank of the reservoir and, after passing through the Otrozhensky bridges, closes at the Gorky sanatorium. A simple option would be to travel only along the first section from the sanatorium back and forth or with an exit at the City-Park "Grad" shopping center (overnight stay is not required here). Along the entire Upland Trail there are route poles, shelters from the weather and diagrams with descriptions of objects. There are group trips.
Voronezh. On foot. ☎ +7 (919) 231-48-35. free / 300 rub. For those for whom independent walks around the city were not enough and want a complete immersion in the history of these places. Sightseeing tours of local historian Olga Rudeva in different parts of the city, tourist and not so much. Communication with the old-timers of the city, inspection of the front ancient buildings, little-known artifacts and much more. Some tours are free.



Foundation and name

The first chronicle references to the word "Voronezh" are dated 1177, when the Ryazan prince Yaropolk, having lost the battle, fled "to Voronozh" and there was moving "from hail into hail." Modern data of archeology and history interpret Voronezh as a geographical region, which included the Voronezh river (tributary of the Don) and a number of settlements. In the lower reaches of the river, an unique Slavic town-planning complex of the 8th – early 11th century was discovered, which covered the territory of the present city of Voronezh and its environs (about 42 km long, about 13 forts and many unfortified villages). By the 12th – 13th centuries, most of the old “hails” were desolate, but new settlements appeared upstream, closer to Ryazan.

For many years, the hypothesis of the Soviet historian Vladimir Zagorovsky dominated: he produced the toponym "Voronezh" from the hypothetical Slavic personal name Voroneg. This man allegedly gave the name of a small town in the Chernigov Principality (now the village of Voronezh in Ukraine). Later, in the XI or XII centuries, the settlers were able to "transfer" this name to the Don region, where they named the second city Voronezh, and the river got its name from the city. However, now many researchers criticize the hypothesis, since in reality neither the name of Voroneg nor the second city was revealed, and usually the names of Russian cities repeated the names of the rivers, but not vice versa.

The linguistic comparative analysis of the name "Voronezh" was carried out by the Khovansky Foundation in 2009. There is an indication of the place names of many countries in Eurasia, which may partly be not only similar in sound, but also united by common Indo-European languages: Varanasi, Varna, Verona, Brno, etc.

A comprehensive scientific analysis was conducted in 2015–2016 by the historian Pavel Popov. His conclusion: "Voronezh" is a probable Slavic macrotoponym associated with outstanding signs of nature, has a root voron- (from the proto-Slavic vorn) in the meaning of "black, dark" and the suffix -ezh (-azh, -ozh). It was not “transferred” and in the 8th - 9th centuries it marked a vast territory covered with black forests (oak forests) - from the mouth of the Voronezh river to the Voronozhsky annalistic forests in the middle and upper reaches of the river, and in the west to the Don (many forests were cut down). The historian believes that the main "city" of the early town-planning complex could repeat the name of the region – Voronezh. Now the hillfort is located in the administrative part of the modern city, in the Voronezh upland oak forest. This is one of Europe's largest ancient Slavic hillforts, the area of which – more than 9 hectares – 13 times the area of the main settlement in Kiev before the baptism of Rus.

Folk etymology claims the name comes from combining the Russian words for raven (ворон) and hedgehog (еж) into Воронеж. According to this explanation two Slavic tribes named after the animals used this combination to name the river which later in turn provided the name for a settlement. There is not believed to be any scientific support for this explanation.

In the 16th century, the Middle Don basin, including the Voronezh river, was gradually conquered by Muscovy from the Nogai Horde (a successor state of the Golden Horde), and the current city of Voronezh was established in 1585 by Feodor I as a fort protecting the Muravsky Trail trade route against the raids of the Nogai and Crimean Tatars.The city was named after the river.

17th to 20th centuries
In the 17th century, Voronezh gradually evolved into a sizable town. Weronecz is shown on the Worona river in Resania in Joan Blaeu's map of 1645. Peter the Great built a dockyard in Voronezh where the Azov Flotilla was constructed for the Azov campaigns in 1695 and 1696. This fleet, the first ever built in Russia, included the first Russian ship of the line, Goto Predestinatsia. The Orthodox diocese of Voronezh was instituted in 1682 and its first bishop, Mitrofan of Voronezh, was later proclaimed the town's patron saint.

Owing to the Voronezh Admiralty Wharf, for a short time, Voronezh became the largest city of South Russia and the economic center of a large and fertile region. In 1711, it was made the seat of the Azov Governorate, which eventually morphed into the Voronezh Governorate.


In the 19th century, Voronezh was a center of the Central Black Earth Region. Manufacturing industry (mills, tallow-melting, butter-making, soap, leather, and other works) as well as bread, cattle, suet, and the hair trade developed in the town. A railway connected Voronezh with Moscow in 1868 and Rostov-on-Don in 1871.

During World War II, Voronezh was the scene of fierce fighting between Russian and combined Axis troops. The Germans used it as a staging area for their attack on Stalingrad, and made it a key crossing point on the Don River. In June 1941, two BM-13 (Fighting machine #13 Katyusha) artillery installations were built at the Voronezh excavator factory. In July, the construction of Katyushas was rationalized so that their manufacture became easier and the time of volley repetition was shortened from five minutes to fifteen seconds. More than 300 BM-13 units manufactured in Voronezh were used in a counterattack near Moscow in December 1941. In October 22, 1941, the advance of the German troops prompted the establishment of a defense committee in the city. On November 7, 1941, there was a troop parade, devoted to the anniversary of the October Revolution. Only three such parades were organized that year: in Moscow, Kuybyshev, and Voronezh. In late June 1942, the city was attacked by German and Hungarian forces. In response, Soviet forces formed the Voronezh Front. By July 6, the German army occupied the western river-bank suburbs before being subjected to a fierce Soviet counter-attack. By July 24 the frontline had stabilised along the Voronezh River as the German forces continued southeast into the Great Bend of the Don. The attack on Voronezh represented the first phase of the German Army's 1942 campaign in the Soviet Union, codenamed Case Blue.

Until January 25, 1943, parts of the Second German Army and the Second Hungarian Army occupied west part of Voronezh. During Operation Little Saturn, the Ostrogozhsk–Rossosh Offensive, and the Voronezhsko-Kastornenskoy Offensive, the Voronezh Front exacted heavy casualties on Axis forces. On January 25, 1943, Voronezh was liberated after ten days of combat. During the war the city was almost completely ruined, with 92% of all buildings destroyed.

By 1950, Voronezh had been rebuilt. Most buildings and historical monuments were repaired. It was also the location of a prestigious Suvorov Military School, a boarding school for young boys who were considered to be prospective military officers, many of whom had been orphaned by war.

In 1950–1960, new factories were established: a tire factory, a machine-tool factory, a factory of heavy mechanical pressing, and others. In 1968, Serial production of the Tupolev Tu-144 supersonic plane was established at the Voronezh Aviation factory. In October 1977, the first Soviet domestic wide-body plane, Ilyushin Il-86, was built there.

In 1989, TASS published details of an alleged UFO landing in the city's park and purported encounters with extraterrestrial beings reported by a number of children. A Russian scientist that was cited in initial TASS reports later told the Associated Press that he was misquoted, cautioning, "Don't believe all you hear from TASS," and "We never gave them part of what they published", and a TASS correspondent admitted the possibility that some "make-believe" had been added to the TASS story, saying, "I think there is a certain portion of truth, but it is not excluded that there is also fantasizing".

From 10 to 17 September 2011, Voronezh celebrated its 425th anniversary. The anniversary of the city was given the status of a federal scale celebration that helped attract large investments from the federal and regional budgets for development.

On December 17, 2012, Voronezh became the fifteenth city in Russia with a population of over one million people.

Today Voronezh is the economic, industrial, cultural, and scientific center of the Central Black Earth Region.



Get in

By plane
Voronezh International Airport named after Peter the Great (Chertovitskoye). ☎ +7 (473) 210-78-78. around the clock. (IATA:VOZ). Located 18 km from the center of Voronezh along the Zadonskoye (Moscow) highway A134. Jun 2022
You can get from / to the airport by bus 120 "Airport" - "Railway station Voronezh-1", departing five times a day, or by taxi, the cost of a trip from / to the city center will be about 400 rubles.

Attention! The work of the airport is temporarily suspended by the decision of the aviation authorities. (January 2023)

By train
Voronezh is located on the railway line connecting Moscow with Rostov-on-Don and further to other parts of the South of Russia. Trains on this line run very often, especially in summer, and they always stop in Voronezh. Directly to Voronezh you can get from many cities in Russia, and if you get with a transfer, then in addition to the obvious option with Moscow, you can also consider the Liski and Gryazi railway junctions neighboring Voronezh (from the second, however, you will most likely have to use a long-distance train for a short distance) . On the map, Voronezh itself looks like a railway junction, but in practice only trains to Kursk, Belgorod, Kaliningrad (with calls also to Bryansk, Smolensk and Minsk) and several electric trains a day, and even those with a short routes that are unlikely to bring you any benefit.

From Moscow there are two options:
A double-decker express train runs twice a day, the journey takes 6.5 hours. This is the fastest, quite comfortable and usually the cheapest option, but its minus, like all similar daytime trains, is the inevitable loss of time during the day.
Ordinary long-distance trains with sleeping cars, one direct branded and many passing ones. Travel time: from 8-11 hours (reasonable, some trains take much longer, describing zigzags on the map). At least several of these trains, including the direct one, leave at night.

From the cities of the South of Russia there are trains going to Moscow, St. Petersburg and the cities of Central Russia. Travel time: from Rostov-on-Don 8-12 hours, from Krasnodar 11.5-14 hours, from Mineralnye Vody 15-20 hours, from Sochi double-decker train 16 hours, the rest around the day. It is theoretically possible to find trains to the neighboring regional centers of the Chernozem region, but usually buses are more convenient.

There are three stations in Voronezh, of which long-distance trains stop at two. The city's main station is Voronezh-1, on a branch line from the main line, but in the center of the city. All trains with the final in Voronezh and some passing, fortunately, stop on it. Fortunately, because in the middle of the industrial area on the left bank on the main line there is the station Pridacha with the newly built Voronezh-Yuzhny station. Getting out of this station by public transport is problematic even during the day. Finally, there is Voronezh-2, also known as the Kursk railway station, but long-distance trains do not stop there.

Station Voronezh-1 , pl. Chernyakhovsky, 1. around the clock. The main railway station of the city. At the station, it is worth bearing in mind that the pedestrian bridge over the tracks has recently been inaccessible from the platforms. In order to get to st. Sverdlov, you must first exit the platform through the underpass to the station, and then into the city on Sq. Chernyakhovsky, and only then head to the bridge making a significant detour. Long rest rooms are located on the second floor of the station (☎ +7 473 265-69-20, price from 603 to 2560 rubles). The first station building (1867-1869) was blown up by the retreating Germans. The current station building (1954-1956) is an example of Stalinist architecture. Pay attention to the gloomy looking sculptures on the roof: they were originally plaster, but the plaster eventually collapsed, and the sculptures were cast in bronze. There are 2 steam locomotives of the 30s on the station territory, one Er 762-91 in the form of a monument is located to the right of the station (when viewed from the station square), the other series L is part of the museum of railway retro technology, which is located to the left of the station. The museum has a tourist visitor center. On the square near the station there is a monument to General Chernyakhovsky, evacuated from Vilnius in the early 90s. The square itself is also a single architectural ensemble.

Station Voronezh-Yuzhny (Pridacha station)  Wikidata item, Volgogradskaya st., 48K (left bank, from the side of Tsiolkovsky street). around the clock. Getting out of Pridachi into the city center is not an easy task. Only minibus 20 is suitable for the station itself, which runs every 10 minutes, adjusted for traffic jams and weather conditions. If there is an electric train to Voronezh-1 in the near future, leaving on it may be a good option. A taxi to the center will cost from 200 rubles, you can also walk one and a half kilometers to the central checkpoint of the aircraft factory on Tsiolkovsky Street, where buses are quite frequent. The station itself became the third in the city and was built in 2016-2017. By analogy with the other two stations, it did not receive the additional name Voronezh-3, since in most cases this name refers to the project of a full-fledged station in the area of Ostuzhev Street.

Station Voronezh-Kursky (Voronezh-2)  , Donbasskaya st., 30. ☎ +7 (473) 265-83-84. 06:10-19:30. The station serving a few suburban trains of the Kursk direction. The building was built in the late 1950s, although the Voronezh-Kursky station was built along with the road back in 1894. The station building is located at a considerable distance from the platform (about 300-400 m).

By car
The M4 highway passes through the city in the North-South direction - one of the busiest routes in Russia, especially popular in the summer due to the flow of vacationers going to the coast of the Krasnodar Territory, Crimea and Abkhazia. The main directions of the routes:
Northern (Moscow) - M4 (aka E115) - from Moscow, Lipetsk, Tula.
Western (Kursk) - A144 (aka E38) - from Kursk, Belgorod, Kharkov.
Southwestern (Ostrogozhsk) P194 - from Ostrogozhsk, Rossosh, Lugansk.
South (Rostov) M4 (aka E115) - from Rostov-on-Don, Krasnodar.
Eastern (Saratov) A144 (aka E38) - from Borisoglebsk, Saratov, Volgograd.
North-Eastern (Tambovskoye) P193 - from Tambov, Penza, Samara.

By bus
The city has a bus station and two bus stations. The Central Bus Station can be reached from many cities in central and southern Russia, Minsk. The left-bank bus station receives buses from Tambov and suburbs. The South-Western bus station serves only suburban destinations. Some buses passing by the city may make a stop on the ring road. Also, many buses from Moscow and other cities come to the Voronezh-I railway station.

Central bus station, Moskovsky avenue, 17. ☎ +7 (473) 246-04-15. 05:30-22:15.
Levoberezhnaya bus station, st. Dimitrova, 59. ☎ +7 (4732) 26-45-00. 06:00-18:30.
Southwestern bus station, ave. Patriotov, 11 (near the South-Western market). ☎ +7 (4732) 39-81-21, +7 (4732) 63-59-88. 06:00-19:00.

On the ship
Despite the fact that Voronezh is located in the interfluve of two navigable rivers, is considered the cradle of the Russian Navy and is located on one of the largest intracity reservoirs in the world (which the Voronezh residents call the sea), it will not work to get into it by ship. The river station in the city was closed in the 90s, and even until then it served only the suburban direction to Pavlovsk with the Rocket.

Only one pleasure boat runs on the Voronezh Sea in 2022:
Moscow-16  , Petrovskaya emb. (near Chernavsky bridge). ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 255-74-74; +7 (920) 212-97-79. departure at 11:00 (weekend), 12:30, 14:00, 15:30, 17:00, 18:30, 20:00. 700 rubles for an hour walk. The walk passes through the water areas between the Northern and Vogresovsky bridges.


Get around Voronezh

Public transport in Voronezh is not the most convenient. Tram traffic was eliminated in 2009, thus Voronezh became the largest city in Europe without urban rail transport. Three trolleybus routes in Voronezh, however, have been preserved, and they link together isolated parts of the city. The main flow of passengers falls on buses and minibuses, which are often not very comfortable and overcrowded. The fare costs 21-23 rubles. (2022), in the evening after 22:00 there is practically nothing, and there are no night routes at all. At unpopular stops, buses must be actively called out, as well as informing the driver about the required stop, otherwise they can easily pass by.

It is more convenient to walk around the city center, since the sights are relatively close to each other, and public transport is not always available near them. It could be useful for climbing from Admiralteiskaya Square to the city center, but there are no such routes now.

The intracity electric train did not work even for two years after the launch, and all existing commuter trains go from the center to the west, north or south (and back). It will not work through the whole city through it. Therefore, by train around the city, it makes sense to get only to remote places, such as Borovskoye Beach (Borovskaya station) or Voronezh Reserve (Grafskaya station). Sometimes, in addition to the two central stations, st. Plekhanovskaya, located next to Zastava.

When traveling by private car, it should be borne in mind that paid parking was introduced in the city center in 2018. Payment (40 rubles per hour) is possible by prepayment from a mobile phone or parking meter. The latter, however, still need to try to find. Parking in the wrong place almost always leads to a fine and evacuation of the car. On weekends and on weekdays in the evening and at night (from 20:00-8:00) parking is free.

Taxi booking services Yandex Go/Uber (☎ +7 473 2-666-666) and CityMobil (☎ +7 473 2-888-888) are popular in the city. Almost all city taxi companies could not stand the competition with them and closed.

Almost everywhere you can rent a scooter: "CityMobil", "Whoosh" or "Urent" and a car: "CarSmile" (car sharing) and "Voronezh Rolling Company" (rental).



The main supermarket chains in the city are: Pyaterochka (more than 200 stores), Magnit (more than 170 stores, including 5 Magnit Family hypermarkets), Red and White (more than 100 stores), TsentrTorg (more than 70 stores ), Bristol (18 stores), Perekrestok (13 stores), VkusVill (8 stores), Europe (4 stores), OK (in the Chizhov Gallery shopping center and Shishkov St. , 72), Line (Pobedy Blvd., 38 and Perevertkina St., 7), Lenta (in the Moskovsky Prospekt shopping center and Domostroiteley St., 24), Metro (Ostuzheva St., 56 and 2 Zarechnaya St., 52M), Auchan (in City-Park Grad shopping mall), Karusel (Kosmonavtov St., 27G) and Miratorg (Voroshilov St., 1B). Lines and some Pyaterochkas and Magnets work around the clock. The only local chain of supermarkets is TsentrTorg, which has a slightly larger selection of local products, and it is he who occupies the lower floor of Utyuzhka, the first deli in the city.

1  Central Market  , Pushkinskaya St., 8 (stop Central Market). ☎ +7 (473) 300-40-10. 07:00-19:00. The best retail market in Russia (2018, 2021). A grocery market that has almost everything from potatoes to oysters. You can buy Voronezh marbled beef burgers, local vegetables and fruits, farm products.
2  Daddy's shop  , st. Karl Marx, 94 (entrance through the art object "Tsar-fish"). ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 258-55-05. 10:00-20:00. A network of several natural food stores directly from eco-farms in the Voronezh region and beyond. The card shows a store located in the city center.

Souvenirs are sold almost everywhere. They can be purchased at the bus and railway stations, but the prices there are too high. The best option for buying souvenirs is on Revolution Avenue near the officers' house (Revolution Avenue, 32): there you can buy both Russian national souvenirs (matryoshka dolls, etc.) and Voronezh ones (refrigerator magnets, etc.). You can try to find a real Voronezh nesting doll, which in 2017 was recognized as one of the most recognizable travel brands in Russia. These nesting dolls by Elena Matveeva appeared in 1969 and traveled half the world with exhibitions. Each egg-shaped toy is dressed up in a Voronezh folk costume, which repeats the style of clothing of one of the region's villages. Currently, nesting dolls are made by students of the folk artist and, as a rule, are made to order.

Paintings can be bought in addition to the galleries described below, on the street ruins on Karl Marx.

3  Gallery "Faces of Voronezh", prosp. Revolution, 23. ☎ +7 (473) 252-72-36. 09:00-21:00. In the souvenir shop you can find local souvenirs: author's ceramics, wooden products, paintings, dolls in Voronezh costumes.
4  Gallery "High five"  , Pyatnitsky street, 52. ☎ +7 (980) 554-03-54. 12:00-20:00. Workshop of young contemporary artists. Exhibitions are held here, you can buy paintings and decorations.
5  Art-Nefta Gallery  , Koltsovskaya st., 44. ☎ +7 (473) 235-61-17. 11:00-19:00.
6  H.L.A.M Gallery  , Deputatskaya St., 1. ☎ +7 (473) 276-38-55, +7 (903) 851-60-69. 16:00-20:00.

Local books are sold in the Voronezh Book store, there are very few of them in Amital stores throughout the city; you can look for something older at the bookstores at the intersection of Karl Marx and Nikitinskaya streets and at the "flea market" near the South-Western bus station (South-Western market).

7 Voronezh book, st. Alekseevsky, 23 (not far from the monument to Yesenin or the house with an owl). ☎ +7 (473) 261 61 09. 10:00-18:00 (weekdays).

Among the sweet souvenirs you can buy sweets from the Voronezh confectionery factory or the Sholto chocolate house, local marshmallow or Voronezh gingerbread. Historically, Voronezh gingerbread is not the same as in Tula - printed and not the same as in Vyazma - carved, here it is cut. However, this is now practically impossible to find (except in Buturlinovka), and options close to Tula are being sold.

8 Alyonka, Koltsovskaya st., 40C2. 08:00-20:00. Since 1934, one of the largest confectionery factories in the country has been operating in the city. The most local chocolates "Voronezh" - waffle in chocolate and "Songs of Koltsov" - jelly in chocolate icing. You can buy sweets everywhere, but the freshest ones are sold in the company stores at the factory (in the card) and in the Central Market.
9  Sholto chocolate house  , st. Karl Marx, 66 (near the monument to Yesenin). ☎ +7 (473) 232-39-44. 10:00-19:00. Handmade sweets, including those with Voronezh motifs. A couple more chocolate house shops are located outside the center.
10  Gingerbread Sazhina (Sazhinsky confectionery plant)  , Koltsovskaya st., 4/1 (near the station). ☎ +7 (473) 300-300-7. 08:00-20:00. Gingerbread and other sweet gifts. The card shows the nearest shopping center to the center, the second one is located in the Central Market, and several more in other parts of the city.
11  Vizher (SladoYar)  , st. Druzhinnikov, 5B. Gingerbreads of the Voronezh theme. Not the best location of the main outlet, but products can be bought in the CenterTorg network.

Shopping centers
There are many large shopping, entertainment and shopping centers in Voronezh. The most popular of them:

12  TSUM Voronezh   , prosp. Revolution, 38 (center). ☎ +7 (920) 428-55-32. 10:00-22:00. At the end of the 19th century, there was a bookstore with a reading room by I. S. Nikitin, which was one of the centers of the cultural life of Voronezh. On the ground floor cafe-bakery Volkonsky.
13   Center of the Chizhov Gallery (MC), Koltsovskaya st., 35 (in the center). ☎ +7 (473) 261-99-99. One of the most famous and favorite shopping and entertainment centers among Voronezh residents. Consists of 6 floors. Here you can buy everything from food to electronics. Okko cinema (5th floor) and food court (4th floor): KFC, Burger King, Shokoladnitsa, Tashir, Pancake, Tomato, etc. Individual restaurants Fibona4i, Balagan City (see the Food section), etc. O'Key grocery hypermarket (- 2nd floor) and a World Class fitness club with a swimming pool (6th floor).
14 Arena Blvd. Victory, 23 (in the North). Okko cinema and food court (3rd floor): KFC, Burger King, Zhar Pizza, Tashir, Pancake, etc. On the 1st floor there is a restaurant of Uzbek cuisine "Bakhor" and a grocery store "Perekryostok".
15 Armada, st. Geroev Sibiryakov, 65A (in the South-West). Here is Burger King (1st floor), Tashir pizzeria (2nd floor) and Perekrestok grocery store.
16 Axiom, st. General Lizyukov, 60 (in the North). On the 1st floor are KFC (entrance from the street), pizzeria Tomato (entrance from the street) and the Perekrestok grocery store.
17  Left Bank  , Leninsky Prospekt, 1D (on the Left Bank). ☎ +7 (473) 20-20-787. 08:00-23:00. Movie theater, Panorama steakhouse and Perekrestok grocery store.
18  Maksimir, Leninsky prospekt, 174P (on the Left Bank). The most popular shopping center on the Left Bank of Voronezh. There is a cinema and a food court (3rd floor): KFC, Burger King, Tashir, Pancake, Zhar Pizza, etc. Perekrestok grocery store on the 1st floor
19 Moskovsky Prospekt, Moskovsky Prospekt, 129 (in Severny). A popular shopping center in the Northern microdistrict of Voronezh. Star&Mlad cinema and food court (3rd floor): KFC, Burger King, Pancake, Zhar Pizza, etc. On the 1st floor there is a food hypermarket "Lenta".
20 City Park Grad, Solnechny village, Parkovaya st., 3 (at the exit from the city in the direction of Moscow). ☎ +7 (800) 7007 800. 10:00-22:00. The largest shopping and recreation center in the Black Earth region and one of the largest in Europe. Grad has a billiard and bowling club, an oceanarium, a children's center, and Father Frost's residence is open in winter. The Grad also houses Europe's largest indoor amusement park, an oceanarium, and the Event Hall concert hall. There is a Rake restaurant (1st floor) and a food court (3rd floor): KFC, Burger King, Pancake, Zhar Pizza, Tashir, etc.; grocery hypermarket Auchan.
21 Sunny Paradise, st. 20th Anniversary of October, 90 (in the center near the circus). The shopping center houses Burger King (1st floor), Tashir pizzeria (3rd floor), Perekrestok grocery store, etc.



In Voronezh, squash caviar was invented, sunflower oil was first obtained in the Voronezh province, from here semolina porridge, invented in India and tested here by Peter the Great, spread throughout the country ... Nevertheless, these products were widely distributed throughout Russia and far beyond its borders, so some there is practically no outstanding local food in Voronezh. Here you can try okroshka on local white kvass on rye sourdough (for example, produced by Semilukskaya Trapeza or Bakery No. 7), which is usually not familiar to residents of other regions. One of the variations of this cold soup even includes sprats in tomato sauce. Of course, white kvass can also be drunk as an alternative to red kvass, which is sold on almost every corner here in hot weather. They note that Voronezh lard and marbled beef stand out against the general background. There is also a large (owned by Baltika) and several small breweries in the city. The Voronezh brewery (and you can even sign up for a tour) produces only one "local" line - "Voronezhskoye Zhigulevskoye", and that, however, is produced not only here and has conflicting reviews. Small factories include Ravencraft and Brewlok.

In June 2022, Voronezh took second place (after Kazan) in the ranking of Russian millionaire cities in terms of cafes and restaurants per capita. True, this was mainly affected by the large number of fast food establishments in the city, for which the first position was completely taken. But with cafes, bars and restaurants, the situation is a little worse. However, you won't leave hungry here.

Fast food
1  KFC, ave. Revolution, 36/38 (restaurant complex Yuventa). ☎ +7 (473) 260-20-73. 10:00-22:30. International chain of fast food restaurants in Voronezh. 9 restaurants, mainly located in large shopping centers at food courts (Axioma, Arena, Chizhov Gallery, Grad, Tape on Domostroiteley, Maksimir, Moskovsky Prospekt). The card indicates a restaurant in the center, another one is located next to the Mercury Hotel.
2  Subway  , Koltsovskaya st., 25 (entrance from Sredne-Moskovskaya). ☎ +7 (920) 411-71-76. 09:00-00:00. The international chain of fast food restaurants in Voronezh has only two establishments. The most suitable for tourists is described in the card, the second is located in the backyard on the left bank of Leroy Merlin.
3 Burger King, 1G Universitetskaya Sq. (near VSU). 09:00-22:00. International chain of fast food restaurants in Voronezh. 9 restaurants, mostly located in large shopping centers at food courts (Arena, Armada, Chizhov Gallery, Grad, Maksimir, Moskovsky Prospekt, Solnechny Rai). Separate restaurants in the center are located in the Proletariy cinema (see Cinemas section) and near VSU (in the card).
4  Tasty and point (former McDonald's), ave. Revolution, 32A. 07:00-00:00. Recently, the Russian chain of fast food restaurants in Voronezh. The card indicates the central restaurant, the addresses of the other three (at the Left Bank and South-Western bus stations, at the monument to the Kitten from Lizyukov Street) can be seen at the link.
Robin Sdobin. A network of famous Voronezh bistros. They are located in almost every corner of the city (about 150 points).
Russian Appetite (Rusap). A network of famous Voronezh bistros. They are located in almost every corner of the city (about 170 points).

Barankin. ☎ +7 (473) 300-48-74 (delivery). 08:00-21:00 (Mon-Sat), 11:00-21:00 (Sun). A network of 11 culinary and confectionery shops (near the railway station, near the monument to Vysotsky, near Sovetskaya Square, near the Spartak cinema, near Voronezh State University, near Kligman's house, near the Cosmos hotel, opposite the Civil War, on Zastava Square, near the Monument of Glory, near the Voronezh market) . Addresses can be found at the link.
5  Warmer, st. Friedrich Engels, 59. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 280-25-15. 8:00–21:00. Good culinary and patisserie
Barbara's culinary shop. ☎ +7 (950) 774-21-00 (delivery). 9:00-21:00, 08:30-20:30 (on Peshe-Streletskaya). average bill 300-500 rubles. A network of 7 culinary establishments (at the monument to Vysotsky, at the Orlyonok park, at the Tulinov House, at Axioma, at Maksimir, at the church of Xenia of Petersburg, on Peshe-Streletskaya). Addresses can be found at the link.

6 Just Bar & Kitchen, Pushkinskaya st., 1. ☎ +7 (960) 138-32-28. 09:00-00:00 (Sun-Thurs), 09:00-02:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill 500-1000 rubles.
7 Dodo Pizza, Koltsovskaya st., 31 (near Lermontov square). ☎ +7 (800) 302-00-60. 10:00-23:00. the average bill is about 400 rubles. Representative of the international network of pizzerias. There are 3 establishments in Voronezh, the card indicates the one closest to the center. The other two are located at the shopping center Maksimir on the Left Bank and at the Monument of Glory in the North.
8 Zhar Pizza, Plekhanovskaya st., 49. ☎ +7 (800) 500-42-42. 08:00-22:00. the average bill is about 300 rubles. A network of pizzerias in Voronezh and other cities of the Chernozem region and Volgograd. About 10 establishments, in the center in the Proletariy cinema (see the Kionteatry section) and on Zastava Square (in the card), some are located in the shopping center at the food courts (Arena, Maksimir, Moskovsky Prospekt).
9  Dumpling bar "Deer"  , st. Komissarzhevskaya, 8. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 202-71-07. 08:00-22:00. average bill 300-500 rubles. A small cafe is one of the few in the city center that is open in the morning and offers a variety of breakfasts, as well as a dozen types of dumplings and dumplings. Great coffee, tables have sockets.
10  Sovok (The Сovok)  , st. Kukolkina, 29. ☎ +7 (473) 202-15-00. 12:00-23:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-01:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill 800-1000 rubles. Cafe in the Soviet style.

Average cost
11  BarLuskoni  , st. 20th anniversary of the Komsomol, 54A (in the Petrovsky passage). ☎ +7 (473) 253-33-21. 08:00-04:00. average bill 700-1500 rubles.
12 Brügger, st. Stepan Razin, 36. ☎ +7 (473) 222-47-89. 12:00-00:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-02:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill 1500 rubles. Beer restaurant. European cuisine. The second institution in Severny on Marshal Zhukov Street.
13  Burger House (Burger House)  , Pushkinskaya st., 7A. ☎ +7 (473) 251-95-59. 12:00-00:00. average bill 1800 rubles. German and Russian cuisine
14  Fibona4i  , Koltsovskaya st., 35 (Chizhov Gallery shopping center, 1st floor). ☎ +7 (919) 230-9999. 11:00-01:00. average bill 1500 rubles. Grill. Jul 2022
15 Food-n-Wood St. Chernyshevsky, 1A (on the embankment). ☎ +7 (473) 255-24-75. 09:00-23:00. average bill 800–1200 rubles. Almost the only food establishment on the waterfront. A gastronomic space with a single hall and several kitchens.
16 Torro Grill, st. Kirova, 6A. 12:00-00:00. average bill 1500 rubles. Steakhouse. Argentine cuisine.
17 Balagan City, Koltsovskaya st., 35 (SEC Chizhov Gallery, 4th floor). ☎ +7 (473) 2-33-22-33. 12:00-22:00. Art show restaurant. Russian and European cuisine. Business lunches are held during the day from 12:00 to 16:00. The 4,000 m² restaurant claimed to be the largest in Europe until it was surpassed in 2018 by La Felicita, a Parisian restaurant of 4,500 m².
18 Varibasi, Teatralnaya st., 23. ☎ +7 (473) 255-51-55. 11:00-00:00. average bill 1000-1500 rubles. Japanese food.
19  Accordion  , st. Karl Marx, 94. ☎ +7 (473) 252-57-59. 12:00-22:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-23:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill 600-800 rubles. Classic Russian cuisine
20  Malika  , ave. Patriotov, 47/Z. ☎ +7 (473) 270-70-40. 11:00-23:00. average bill 800-1500 rubles. Uzbek cuisine.
21  Mesto  , pl. Lenina, 15. ☎ +7 (473) 239-57-57. 08:00-07:00. An institution on Lenin Square with an open veranda.
22 Tanuki St. Friedrich Engels, 7. ☎ +7 (473) 239-58-78. 11:30-00:00. average bill 750–1500 rubles. Japanese food. Institution of the Russian network.
23 Bilbo's, st. Generala Lizyukov, 46A. ☎ +7 (473) 241-88-00. 12:00-00:00. average bill 500–1700 ₽.
24 Chaikhona No. 1, st. Karl Marx, 67/1. ☎ +7 (473) 210-01-21. 12:00-02:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-06:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill from 1000 rubles.

25 1586, Proletarskaya st., 87B (near the Chernavsky bridge). ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 211 15 86. 08:00-00:00 (Sun-Thu), 08:00-02:00 (Fri-Sat). Restaurant on the 8th floor of the center "Saburov". The restaurant has an unusual action "Breakfast at a height": for 1200 rubles (1600 on weekends) you are offered breakfast and a descent on a trolley to the Chernavskaya dam.
26  El chico (Elchiko)  , Krasnoarmeyskaya st., 52D (Business Center "Galeon"). ☎ +7 (473) 200-88-66. 12:00-23:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-00:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill from 5000 rubles. Steakhouse. Argentine cuisine.
27  Kinto  , ave. Revolution, 33B (Business Center "Respekt", 7th floor). ☎ +7 (930) 430-28-28. 12:00-23:00. average bill 2500-3000 rubles. Georgian cuisine.
28  Moscow, Krasnoarmeisky per., 3A (in the Moscow business center, 10th floor). ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 228-98-91. 13:00–23:00 (Tue-Thurs, Sun), 13:00-00:00 (Fri), 15:00-00:00 (Sat). average bill 1000-1500 rubles. Gastronomic restaurant.
29 Old City, Pushkinskaya st., 2. 12:00-00:00. average bill 1500-3000 rubles. Russian and European cuisine.
30  Tiflis  , Nikitinskaya st., 52A. ☎ +7 (920) 229-19-89. 12:00-01:00 (Mon-Thur), 12:00-02:00 (Fri-Sun). average bill 1000-1400 rubles. Georgian and European cuisine.
31  Yugoslavia  , Peshe-Streletskaya st., 110B (on the district). ☎ +7 (473) 272-22-73. 12:00-00:00. average bill 500-1000 rubles. Serbian and Montenegrin cuisine.

32  G.Shelter  , st. 20th Anniversary of October, 86. ✉ ☎ +7 (950) 77-44-666. 11:00-23:00. Video games and board games. Unlimited drinks (coffee, tea and hot chocolate), cookies and popcorn.
33 Cat Cafe Mr. Moore, Nikitinskaya st., 44. ☎ +7 (960) 139-03-09. 12:00-22:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-23:00 (Fri-Sat). Anticafe for cat lovers. There are a lot of board and video games, film screenings, trainings and master classes. You can buy the pet you like.


Night life

With the onset of darkness, which comes here a little earlier than in Moscow, it’s a good idea to walk along Revolution Avenue, Sovetskaya and Lenin squares, admire the illumination of buildings and light and music fountains, which are located on the squares, respectively, in Sovetsky and Koltsovsky squares. The time for the sale of alcohol in stores is from 08:00 to 23:00, later you have to go to cafes, restaurants and clubs for it.

Quiet bars
1 1917, 35 Studencheskaya st. beer from 270 rubles. It is located in the architectural monument - Klyuev's house. Small cozy bar in loft style. Low alcohol drinks: beer and cider, snacks. In the daytime, a business lunch is available for 300 rubles. Jul 2022
2  Alex Pub  , Leninsky prospekt, 101. ☎ +7 (473) 253-40-89. 14:00-23:00. average bill 1000-1500 rubles. Cozy, chamber pub on the left bank.
3  Boulevardier, st. Ordzhonikidze, 14/16. 20:00–00:00 (Thu, Sun), 20:00–02:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill 700-1700 rubles. Secret (speakeasy) bar. Try to find this cherry on the cake.
4 De Bassus, Plekhanovskaya st., 22. ☎ +7 (473) 259-77-22. 12:00-00:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-02:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill 700–1500 rubles. Bavarian cuisine, own mini-brewery. The second institution is located in Severny on Pobedy Boulevard.
5  Green Hat  , Ave. Revolutions, 26/28. 12:00-00:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-02:00 (Sat-Sun). average bill 700 rubles.
6  Optimist  , st. Komissarzhevskaya, 8. ☎ +7 (473) 228-89-70. 12:00-22:00 (Mon), 12:00-00:00 (Tue-Thurs, Sun), 12:00-02:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill 1000–2500 rubles. Wine bar.
7  Pitnica (Czech Pivnica)  , ave. Revolution, 34A (RK Desperado). ☎ +7 (473) 253-08-08. 12:00-0:00. average bill from 550 rubles. Russian chain of pubs. There are 3 establishments in Voronezh on Revolution Avenue (in the card), Oleko Dundich Street and Moskovsky Prospekt.
8  Nails  , ave. Revolution, 48. ☎ +7 (900) 945-58-56. 12:00-00:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-02:00 (Fri-Sat). average bill 500-900 rubles. Mini-chain of democratic bars in the city. Before the pandemic included a few more places. Now there are 3 establishments on Revolution Avenue (in the card), Moskovsky and Leninsky.
9  Basement  , st. Friedrich Engels, 33B (entrance from the end). ☎ +7 (930) 012-34-34. 19:00-23:00 (Tue-Sun).
10  Cultural. Briefly, st. Pushkinskaya, 1 / Revolution Ave., 47 (Nikitin Square). 12:00-00:00. 50 ml of tincture - 140 rubles, borscht - 150 rubles. A network of three small atmospheric bars on Nikitin Square: dozens of types of liqueurs, beer, cider. The establishments differ in snacks: borscht and dumplings are served in the wine glass, chebureks are served in the cheburek shop, and hot dogs are served in the sausage shop. Nice interior, quiet music.

Noisy bars
11  BARak O'Mama  , Ave. Revolutsii, 35 (entrance from 25 October street). ☎ +7 (473) 255-00-99. 08:00-07:00.
12  BarDuck  , Plekhanovskaya St., 9 (from the side of the Central Market). ☎ +7 (473) 277-05-50. 20:00-05:00 (Wed), 20:00-03:00 (Thursday, Sun), 20:00-06:00 (Fri-Sat).
13  O'hara  , st. Kholzunova, 121G (in the hotel of the same name). ☎ +7 (473) 241-22-22. 12:00-00:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-02:00 (Fri-Sat).
14  Plehanov  , Plekhanovskaya st., 14E (from the side of Friedrich Engels st.). ✉ ☎ +7 (951) 87-99-777. 20:00-06:00 (Mon-Sun), 12:00-16:00 (Mon-Fri, business lunches). There is karaoke.
15  Club 12  , st. Cosmonaut Komarov, 1A (in the sports complex "Prometheus"). ☎ +7 (473) 295-94-56. 12:00-00:00. Rock bar.
16  Pivasy  , st. Karl Marx, 68. ☎ +7 (473) 255-47-47. 12:00-00:00 (Sun-Thurs), 12:00-04:00 (Fri-Sat).
17  It's gone Lost  , Pushkinskaya st., 5. ☎ +7 (473) 211-43-76. 12:00-00:00 (Mon-Thur), 12:00-02:00 (Fri), 14:00-02:00 (Sat), 14:00-00:00 (Sun). average bill 1000–3000 rubles.
18  Hands Up! Bar  , ave. Revolution, 46. ☎ +7 (473) 300-35-53. 18:00-06:00. Voronezh representative of the Russian franchise.
19  Junk  , Plekhanovskaya st., 16 (through the archway). ☎ +7 (473) 280-26-26. 18:00-02:00, 18:00-06:00 (Fri, Sat, public holidays and pre-holiday days). The institution is located in an architectural monument - Vyakhirev's store. On the wall of the entrance arch, there is graffiti - a walk of fame of rock and roll.
20  Censorship  , ave. Revolution, 39 (through the arch). ☎ +7 (920) 434-98-20. 15:00-23:00 (Mon-Tue), 15:00-3:00 (Wed-Sun).

Night clubs
21  Aura, ave. Revolution, 56. ☎ +7 (473) 232-32-23. 19:00-06:00.
22  Winzavod  , Koltsovskaya st., 24D. ☎ +7 (920) 414-02-29. 12:00-00:00 (Mon-Wed), 12:00-01:00 (Thursday, Sun), 12:00-05:00 (Fri-Sat). Space for cafes, bars and restaurants. It is located on the territory of an architectural monument - a complex of a winery, the beginning of the 20th century.

Hookah bars
23  Malina Lounge  , st. Kukolkina, 33A. ☎ +7 (905) 053-90-04. 14:00-02:00.
24  Shishkin  , st. Komissarzhevskaya, 7 (in the building of the Yunost cinema). ☎ +7 (930) 411-33-33. 14:00-02:00 (Sun-Thurs), 14:00-04:00 (Fri-Sat).

Striptease bars
25  Za lighter  , ave. Revolution, 34A (RK "Desperado", 2nd floor). ☎ +7 (800) 333-88-68. 22:00-06:00.
26 Las Palmas Ave. Revolution, 48 (2nd floor). ☎ +7 (473) 212-12-78. 21:00-06:00.



The cost of living does not differ much in different parts of the city, so the historical center will be the best place to live: Revolution Avenue, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Koltsovskaya streets or their surroundings.

You can stay in hostels and campsites quite cheaply in the city (see the Beaches section).

1 Pearl Lagoon, Embankment st., 15. ☎ +7 (473) 210-05-11. around the clock. from 800 rubles.
2  Geek Hostel, Bolshaya Manezhnaya st., 13B. ☎ +7 (900) 933-59-03. around the clock. from 550 rubles.
3 Hostel Bon Son, st. Dzerzhinsky, 12A. ☎ +7 (473) 295-80-28. around the clock. from 650 rubles.
4  Hostel Yes  , st. January 9, 36/1. ☎ +7 (951) 873-42-42. from 300 rubles. Capsule hostel.
5  Voronezh Hostel  , st. Novikova, 90A. ✉ ☎ +7 950 766 93 36. check-in from 10:00 to 1:00 (nights);. from 400 rubles per day in a 7-bed room; from 900 rubles per day in a single room. A private house; for non-smokers; parking; Internet.
6 Hostel "Rus", st. Komissarzhevskaya, 15B. ☎ +7 (473) 253-16-19. around the clock. from 700 rubles.

Average cost
7 Azimut City Hotel Voronezh 4* (former Brno), Plekhanovskaya st., 9. ☎ +7 473 206 58 58. around the clock. from 3 thousand rubles. In the same building is the second hotel of the Azimut A-Hotel Brno Voronezh 3 * (from 2.6 thousand rubles).
8 Amaks Park Hotel, 145 Moskovsky Ave. ☎ +7 473 273-99-83. around the clock. from 2.2 thousand rubles. 138 rooms of various categories: from single "Standard" to comfortable "Lux"; there is secure parking.
9  Bronze boar  , Koltsovskaya st., 1D. ☎ +7 (473) 211-33-53. around the clock. from 2.8 thousand rubles. Claims to be the first author's hotel in Russia, located in a restored architectural monument built in 1826.
10 Voronezh 3*, Plekhanovskaya st., 10A. ☎ +7 (473) 220-75-55. around the clock. from 2.5 thousand rubles. In the square "Nadezhda", which is located next to the hotel, there is the oldest Soviet monument in the city - the victims of the White Terror.
11  Natali, Sredne-Moskovskaya st., 7. ✉ ☎ +7 (920) 434-54-54. from 2.2 thousand rubles. Small hotel in the city center.
12  Premier Hotel, 13 Bakuninsky Lane.
13  Sanatorium im. Gorky  , sanatorium them. Gorky, 1. ☎ +7 (473) 210-63-11, +7 (800) 201-63-13. from 2000 rub.
14  Ukraine, Arsenalnaya st., 4A (not far from Petrovsky square). ☎ +7 473 235 57 20. around the clock. from 2.4 thousand rubles.

15 Cosmos Smart Voronezh (former Holiday Inn), st. Kirov, 9/1. ☎ +7 (473) 206 59 99. around the clock. from 3.5 thousand rubles.
16  Hampton by Hilton Voronezh   , Donbasskaya st., 12B (100 m from Zastava square). ☎ +7 473 228-28-00. around the clock. from 3.8 thousand rubles.
17  Mercure Voronezh Center 4*, st. Kirova, 6A. ☎ +7 (473) 210-01-11. around the clock. from 3.5 thousand rubles.
18 Armada (former Ramada), st. Ordzhonikidze, 36A. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 206 30 30. around the clock.
19 ART Hotel, st. Dzerzhinsky, 5B. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 239 92 99. around the clock. from 3.4 thousand rubles. Boutique hotel.
20 Benefit Plaza Congress Hotel 4 * (Benefit Plaza Congress Hotel) st. Vladimir Nevsky, 29. ✉ ☎ +7 473 269 58 99, fax: +7 473 269 52 52. around the clock. from 3 thousand rubles.
21 Degas, st. Pyatnitsky, 65A. ☎ +7 (473) 210-01-10. around the clock. from 4.4 thousand rubles. The hotel has a restaurant "Apraksin", a SPA-salon with a swimming pool, sauna and hammam.
22 Marriott Ave. Revolution, 38. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 207-00-00. around the clock. from 4.4 thousand rubles.
23 Petrovsky Passage, st. 20th anniversary of the Komsomol, 54A. ✉ ☎ +7 473 255 60 70, fax: +7 473 255 61 62. around the clock. from 3 thousand rubles.
24  Yar 4*  , 491 km of the Moscow-Voronezh highway. ✉ ☎ +7 800 600 58 45; +7 473 211 15 58, fax: +7 473 269 82 07. around the clock. from 5 thousand rubles. The hotel has a bronze horse Yaryzh with a rail in his teeth.

Glamping is a type of camping that combines the comfort of a hotel room with the possibility of outdoor recreation. It is located far from the main attractions and the bustle of the city.

25 Embankment No. 1, Otrogozhskaya st., 155B (near the Voronezh dam). ✉ ☎ +7 (910) 024-07-77. around the clock. from 3.5 thousand rubles. Around the complex is a fascinating rugged terrain. Right there recently (and this is his third "place of residence"), a monument has been erected to Mikhail Gorshenyov, the leader of the rock group "Korol i Shush".
26 Sych, Ortyabrskaya st. (Microdistrict Malyshevo). ☎ +7 (901) 092-54-54. 12:00-23:00. from 4 thousand rubles. It is located on the banks of the Malyshevskiye Lakes in the floodplain of the Don River.



Fixed telephone connection
Landline phones in Voronezh since 2011 have seven-digit numbers, in the international format - +7 (473) XXX-XX-XX, where 473 is the Voronezh code.

Mobile telephony
The following mobile communication networks operate in Voronezh:
MegaFon (GSM, tel. +7 (473) 229-05-00)
Beeline (GSM, tel. +7 (473) 254-66-11)
MTS (GSM, tel. +7 (800) 250-08-90)
"Tele2" (GSM, tel. +7 (473) 258-06-11)

Postal codes of Voronezh are 394000-394095. Russian Post offices are located throughout the city. On them you can send and receive a letter, a parcel, a parcel, buy envelopes, postcards, postage stamps. Additional services include telephone communication, money transfer services, Internet access, photocopying services, etc.

Main post office, ave. Revolution, 25. ☎ +7 (473) 210-60-97. 08:00-22:00 (weekends 08:00-18:00). The building is an architectural monument of the 19th century. To the right of the building is the world's only monument to a front-line postman.
Voronezh Regional Universal Scientific Library named after I. S. Nikitin (Nikitinka)  Wikidata Element  , pl. Lenina, 2. ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 255-05-91, fax: +7 (473) 255-05-91. 9:00-20:00 (Mon-Thurs), 12:00-20:00 (Sat-Sun). Internet access, also Wi-Fi. On the library building there are 9 bas-reliefs of Russian writers (do you remember them all?) by F. Sushkov, and behind the building there is a cozy Bunin square, with a monument to the Nobel native of the city.


Precautionary measures

Walking at night in industrial or remote areas should be avoided. Unfavorable microdistricts in Voronezh are: VAI (Tupolev St. / Irkutskaya St.), Mashmet (Rostovskaya St. / Novosibirskaya St.), Otrozhka (Bogdan Khmelnitsky St. / Artamonov St.). So, the first of them, along with Chizhovka, was glorified in the song “Locals” by the famous Voronezh group Gaza Strip, and the second became the scene of a parody of the program “In Search of Adventures” in the First Channel TV show “Big Difference”.

In the city in the summer, outdated treatment facilities often “smell”. Suffering from this is mainly the southern part of the Left Bank and less often the area adjacent to the northern part of the street of Geroev Sibiryakov. It also sometimes smells of aromas from a yeast factory located on Dimitrova Street. This should be kept in mind when choosing accommodation. Allergy sufferers should also keep in mind that there are a lot of poplars and cocklebur cyclaena (or “ragweed”, as it is mistakenly called in everyday life in the Voronezh region) in the city.

When planning to move around the city by transport on weekdays, consider the huge traffic jams during rush hour. They are typical for non-summer months of the year. In the summer, when schoolchildren and students (and the latter make up more than 10% of the population here, for which the city is called the city of students), the situation is quite tolerable even at rush hour.

It should also be remembered that, during winter snowfalls, most driveways in the yards are not cleaned until spring. During the thaw period, it is worth watching for icicles and frost from the roofs in the city center, tragic cases are not uncommon. Unlike icicles, balconies and stucco elements of buildings fall in Voronezh year-round. Some houses are even wearing "balcony diapers". During the summer months, there are heavy showers, which (due to the lack of storm drains) turn the city into a kind of Venice.



The city of Semiluki (19 km) and the largest village in Russia, Novaya Usman (20 km), which are almost directly adjacent to Voronezh, and the much more remote city of Novovoronezh (47 km), hardly deserve a separate trip, but there are some interesting objects in them. Interesting destinations will be the Voronezh Reserve; Ramon and Zadonsk in the north direction and Divnogorie in the south direction. The most notable items are listed below. Distances are indicated along the highway from Lenin Square.

1  D. V. Venevitinov's estate , Novozhivotinnoye, Shkolnaya st., 18 (31 km north of the city). ☎ +7 (47340) 3-14-90. 10:00-18:00 (Wed, Fri-Sun), 12:00-20:00 (Thurs). 160 rubles (museum and park), 120 rubles (park only), 420 rubles (tour of the museum, park). Structural component of the literary museum. The manor is an architectural monument of the 18th century. In addition to D.V. Venevitinov, the name of his nephew, archaeologist and historian, director of the Rumyantsev Museum M.A. Venevitinov, as well as the English writer E.L. children in English and music. The estate has a small park with a lookout on the Don River, as well as a century and a half oak.
2 Palace of Oldenburg (Castle of the Princess of Oldenburg)    , Ramon, st. Mosina, 21 (39 km north of the city, 2 hours by retro train). ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 2-100-737; +7 (900) 301-49-74. Wed-Fri, Sun: 09:00-18:00, Sat: 10:00-19:00. 50 rubles (park) / 200 rubles (palace and park) / 300 rubles (excursion around the palace and park). Palace in the form of an English castle built in 1887. You can also get on a retro train on a locomotive traction.
3  Krivoborie , Krivoborie (46 km north of the city). for free. Geological monument of nature on the steep bend of the Don. An almost sheer cliff up to 60 m high, several kilometers long.
4 Voronezh Biosphere Reserve, Voronezh, Tolshi (50 km north-east of the city, 5 km from Grafskaya station (1 hour by train)). ✉ ☎ +7 (473) 259-45-60. 9:00-18:00 (Tue-Sun). 135 rubles. On the territory of the reserve is the Tolshevsky Spaso-Preobrazhensky Convent.
5 Archaeological Museum-Reserve "Kostenki", Kostenki, st. Kirova, 6A (50 km south of the city). ☎ +7 (473) 262-80-25. 10:00-18:00 (Wed-Fri, Sun), 10:00-21:00 (Sat). 100 rubles. The museum was built over the dwelling of a primitive man, built from the bones of a mammoth, whose age is more than 20 thousand years. The site claims to be the first modern human settlement in Europe.
6 Storozhevoe, Storozhevoe 1st (72 km south of the city). for free. Another high sheer cliff with a panorama of several kilometers. Picturesque chalk cliffs up to 40 m high above the Don River, which appeared on the postage stamp "Voronezh Region" together with the Ramon Palace. In the 17th century, the site of the Storozhevy ostrogs of the Belgorod line, and in the 20th century - fierce battles on the Storozhevsky bridgehead. Currently, the place of training for climbers, hang gliders and paragliders.
7  Zadonsky Nativity-Bogoroditsky Monastery   , Zadonsk, st. Kommuny, 14 (92 km north of the city). ☎ +7 (961) 602 01 02. A major pilgrimage center historically associated with Voronezh.
8  Museum-Reserve Divnogorie  , Divnogorie (144 km south of the city, station 143 km (2-3 hours by train, directly at the station)). ✉ ☎ +7 (961) 029-81-35. 10.00-18.00 (Wed-Sun). for free; excursions 250 rub. In the museum-reserve there is the Holy Dormition Divnogorsk cave monastery. The directorate of the museum is located in Voronezh at Koltsovskaya st., 56A (☎ +7 (473) 210-47-37).
Further destinations, within 150 km, in addition to those already mentioned above, may be Usman (75 km), Bobrov (105 km), Liski (107 km), Ostrogozhsk (112 km), Anna (112 km), Stary Oskol (122 km) , Lipetsk (129 km), Gryazi (132 km), Gubkin (138 km), Ertil (133 km), Yelets (139 km) and the reserve Galichya Gora (120 km).

The nearest regional centers are in the Central Chernozem region: Lipetsk (129 km), Tambov (221 km), Kursk (225 km), Belgorod (253 km) and Oryol (310 km).