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White Sea- Baltic Canal (Беломорско- Балтийский канал)

White Sea- Baltic Canal

White Sea- Baltic Canal is an artificial channel that connects White Sea to Baltic Sea. Although the main purpose of White Sea- Baltic Canal or simply Belomorkanal is a commercial one it became a symbol of Communist oppression. During its construction 126,000 prisoners from GULAG concentration camps were forced to come here. Over 12,000 to 25,000 of them died.

 

 

 

 

 

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History of White Sea- Baltic Canal

White Sea- Baltic CanalHistory of White Sea- Baltic Canal began in 1930 when Joseph Stalin ordered planning of an artificial channel that would link White Sea that was part of the North Arctic Ocean and the Baltic Sea that is part of the Atlantic. In July 1931 Soviet government got first drafts for the creation of this large construction project. In February 1932 construction plans were approved even though the construction began in the late 1931. White Sea- Baltic Canal was built between 1931 and 1933. Despite the fact that Soviet government at the time lacked large industrial potential to erect such grandiose building they managed to construct White Sea- Baltic Canal in record time. Their solution to lack of funds and technology was forcing slave labour of inmates from GULAG (shortened version of the Main Administration of Camps). They were armed with chisels, sledge hammers, shovels and axes.

 

White Sea- Baltic Canal

First row from right to left: Naftaly Frenkel, head of Gulag Matvei Berman and chief of the Southern part of White Sea- Baltic Canal Afanasyev

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

 

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