New Hampshire

New Hampshire is a state of the United States in the New England region. It borders the state of Vermont to the west, Maine to the east, Massachusetts to the south and the Canadian province of Québec to the north. With an area of 24,216 km², the state has around 1.3 million inhabitants. The majority of the population lives in the south of the state, the north is characterized by low mountain ranges. The capital is Concord with almost 43,000 inhabitants, but the largest city is Manchester with 110,000.

The first traces of human settlement go back over 10,000 years. The vast majority of the population is of European descent, with Native Americans only a few remaining since the 1740s. From the 1630s, contacts with Europeans led to severe population losses among the natives, mainly due to smallpox epidemics, and finally battles with the Iroquois and the English drove the survivors to Maine and Canada.

England had been a colonial power since 1629, and the colony was named after English Hampshire. According to the principles of English feudalism, land was allocated and settlers appointed. In the years from 1641 to 1679 New Hampshire belonged to Massachusetts, was then directly under the king for two decades and came back to Massachusetts from 1691 to 1741, whose governors were responsible for the northern neighbor.

In 1776, New Hampshire became the first colony to establish a government, adopt a constitution, and become independent with the newly formed United States. In 1808 Concord became its capital. An independent republic existed on the Canadian border from 1832 to 1835; Great Britain only gave up its claims in 1836. The state benefited economically from industrialization and the civil war, but major branches of industry collapsed with the global economic crisis. Only the connection to the Boston economic area brought new branches of industry, especially to the south of New Hampshire.

The state is also called The Granite State because of its quarries. At the same time, the nickname also reflects the preservation of traditions and the history of a frugal government. There are no general sales or income taxes, which corresponds to the state motto "Live free or die".



1 Ashlands
2 Concord - Capital. The town was originally called Rumford and later Penacook.
3 Glens
4 Manchester
5 Meredith
6 Nashua
7 Portsmouth
8 Tilton
9 Berlin
10 Hanover
11 Keene


Other destinations

America's Stonehenge arguable the most mysterious places in USA that is still in the middle of the debates on the age of the construction.

White Mountain National Forest is a picturesque range of mountains covered by beautiful virgin forests. Besides the land is full of stories of haunting and ghosts of former inhabitants of this land.

Mount Washington State Park. The mountain was called Agiocochook, "the home of the Great Spirit," by the Indians.
Mount Monadnock. a 965 m high inselberg in the south of the state. It is a designated national natural landmark and is the second most climbed mountain in the world after Mount Fuji in Japan.
Waterville Valley — A resort town in the White Mountains.

Manchester has been revitalized as a historic mill town.
The White Mountains offer beautiful nature, hiking, and skiing.
Dartmouth College is an Ivy League school in Hanover with a beautiful campus. The Hopkins Center features many acclaimed performers. Local interest in culture is low, so seats at the Hopkins Center are easy to come by.
Visit a small town outside the "Golden Triangle" (the area from Salem to Nashua to Manchester) and check out the atmosphere.
At 6,288 feet (1,917 m), Mount Washington is the largest mountain in the Northeast and the site of record wind speeds of 231 mph (372 km/h). Mt. Washington is home to Tuckerman's Ravine, a popular difficult ski area accessible only by foot that offers a great experience for hikers.
Lake Winnipesaukee
Portsmouth is a historic seaside town and the birthplace of Revolutionary War naval hero John Paul Jones.
American Classic Arcade Museum Located in the Fun Spot Family Entertainment Center (or simply Fun Spot), ACAM is recognized by Guinness World Records as the "World's Largest Arcade." The museum has approximately 180 playable games and over 100 more in storage; it has also been called the "Louvre of the 8-bit world.
On Monday, April 8, 2024, a total solar eclipse will cross the northern tip of the state at approximately 3:30 p.m. local time. There is barely a 20% chance of clear skies. The course of the total solar eclipse will be from Mexico and Texas northeast across Ohio, across the Canada-New England border, and across Maine, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland.



The residents of the state are proud of the nature around them, and they also take care that their environment is not harmed by careless tourists. However, since tourism is the main industry in New Hampshire, tourists are generally valued. Planning is a must when planning a hike in the White Mountains, as volunteer rescue teams don't appreciate being called in the middle of the night to find lost tourists


Getting here

By Airplane
Manchester - Boston Regional Airport, Brown Av. Route 101 exit 2, Manchester, +1 603 624-6556, provides convenient access to Manchester city and southern New Hampshire. Sometimes used as a low-cost, hassle-free alternative to Boston's Logan International Airport.

By bus
Greyhound, +1-800-231-2222; service from Montreal, Boston, Vermont, and Maine.
Concord Trailways, +1-800-639-3317; operates from Boston.

By Train
Train access to New Hampshire is limited; there are no trains to major cities. There are at least two Amtrak routes across New Hampshire:
The Downeaster serves the oceanfront region, passing from Boston North Station to Portland, Maine. Note that if you are using the NE Corridor from south of Boston, the train terminates at Boston South Station and you must take a T or cab to North Station. Alternatively, buses (see above) leave directly from South Station.
Vermonters primarily serve eastern Vermont and also serve Claremont, but also Bellows Falls (across from Walpole), White River Junction (across from Hanover and Lebanon), and Brattleboro (across from Hinsdale) across the Connecticut River. There are also stops across the river in New Hampshire.


Stay Safe

New Hampshire consistently ranks among the safest states in the nation. Crime is usually not a problem, but be careful when driving. Be especially careful if you are not used to winter driving. Moose can be an occasional hazard in the White Mountains and on roads north of the area. Hikers may encounter bears, and weather conditions can change rapidly, especially at higher elevations, such as in the Presidential Mountains. The area around Mt. Washington is known to have some of the worst weather in the country. Plan ahead when hiking.



New Hampshire's LGBT community is relatively unknown compared to other New England states, but according to the U.S. Census, New Hampshire has one of the highest concentrations of gay and lesbian residents of any U.S. state. While the urbanized south has gay-friendly institutions, the heavily forested north still has a pronounced homophobic streak. Overall, New Hampshire is less LGBT-friendly than its neighboring states.



New Hampshire is part of the New England region. It is bordered by Canada to the north, Maine to the northeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. It borders the state of Massachusetts to the south and Vermont to the west.

New Hampshire is part of the so-called Great North Woods, along with New York, Maine, Vermont and Quebec, the White Mountains, the Great Lakes, the coast, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock region.

New Hampshire was home to the rock formation known as the Old Man of the Mountain, a face-shaped rock located in Franconia Notch, until in May 2003 the formation collapsed and collapsed, tumbling down the hillside, disappearing from view. This forms one of the icons of the state.

The White Mountains mountain range runs from north to center across the state, with its highest point being Mount Washington, which is also the highest point in the northeastern United States. The mountain range has numerous minor peaks, including Mount Madison (New Hampshire) and Mount Adams. The winds that are recorded in this area are hurricane force three out of every hundred times. At the top there is a meteorological observatory for observing these climatic conditions.

In the southwest corner, in the flattest area of New Hampshire, another geographic feature is the prominent landmark and tourist attraction called Mount Monadnock, which has given its name to a general class of land known as monadnock meaning, in geomorphology, any Isolated rugged peak rising from a less resilient eroded plain.

The Appalachian National Scenic Trail crosses New Hampshire located in the town of Cornish.

Major rivers include the 177-kilometre Merrimack River, which cuts the lower half of the state north-south and ends from above to Newburyport, Massachusetts. Its main tributaries are the Contoocook River, Pemigewasset River, and the Winnipesaukee River. The 400-mile Connecticut River, which rises in the Connecticut Lakes of New Hampshire and empties into the sea in the south in the state of Connecticut, defines the western border with Vermont. Strangely, the state border is not in the center of that river, as is usually the case in these types of cases, but is located in an underwater mark on the river bank in Vermont so the river belongs completely to the state of New Hampshire. The Connecticut River also defines the Canadian border with New Hampshire.

The Piscataqua River and most of its tributaries define the southern border with the state of Maine with the port of Portsmouth. The Salmon Falls and Piscataqua Rivers define the southern part of the Maine border. This state is currently in dispute with its neighbor Maine over the sovereignty of an area located within Portsmouth Harbor, which is made up of the Seavey Islands, including the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard as well as the cities of Kittery and Berwick.

The largest lakes are Lake Winnipesaukee, with an area of 186 km² (72 sq mi) in east-central New Hampshire.

Hampton Beach is the most popular destination for summer vacations. Located 16 kilometers (10 miles) from the coast are the Shoals Islands, nine small islands, of which only four belong to this state, which is known for having formed an art colony founded in the 19th century by the poetess Celia Thaxter, as well as the supposed location of one of the buried treasures of the pirate Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard.

This state is the second most forested state in the entire country behind Maine in terms of percentage of land covered in forests. This fact is a consequence of the abandonment of farms that occurred in the 20th century by farmers who moved to cities and industrial areas in search of work. These abandoned lands were covered with forest mass with the consequent recovery of forests. This return of the forests has been captured in various poems written by Robert Frost. The northern third of the state is called "north of the notches" in reference to the abundant gorges of White Mountain or as "the north country." Less than 5% of the state's population lives in this area; this population suffers from relatively higher poverty rates than the rest of the state. This fact is a consequence of the population decline and the decline of the paper industry in the area. However, the tourism industry is growing. Tourist visits are increasing, especially so-called white tourism. This tourism reaches the northern region during the winter season to enjoy the ski slopes. This new industry is alleviating the economic effects of paper mill closures.



Early history

Paleo indians
During the ice ages, the last of which is known as the Wisconsin Glaciation, hardly any people could live in New Hampshire. The area was continuous only from the 8th millennium BC. BC inhabited, but the first people came about three millennia earlier.

A systematic archaeological investigation of the national territory does not exist. Half of the 16 Paleo-Indian sites (as of 2012) were discovered by accident, the rest due to investigations prior to construction, and only one (Thorne) was discovered as a result of a targeted search for corresponding sites. There are also 8 other well-documented artefacts from this earliest era of Indian settlement. Exploration of Paleo-Indians in New Hampshire only accelerated in 1995 with the discovery of several encampments on the Israel River. Until then, the Whipple site above the Ashuelot River, discovered in the mid-1970s, was the only well-documented site, but it was severely damaged by souvenir hunters. It has been suggested that 10,000 to 11,000 radiocarbon years ago, caribou and beaver hunters inhabited the region. They left a larger camp on the Israel River, which was probably used by several family groups, a quarrying and stone processing site (another was found at Colebrook), and several temporary camps. A small rhyolite quarry was also found at Tamworth. Discovered in 2003, the Potter Site at Randolph covers 8 acres and contains at least eight high density sections. Intensive wood processing took place on at least two. The site, which was used for a long time, contained two types of projectile tips, namely the Michaud/Neponset (Middle Paleo-Indian, sometimes very long tips) and the Bull Brooke/West Athens Hill type, most common in New Hampshire; fluted points, used to fix the shaft, were found in Auburn in the Kings Road/Whipple style. The hand axes, some of which have been known for a long time, were also re-examined. Sites are occasionally over an acre (Potter, Jefferson III), but the smallest is just 25 square meters. This is the Colebrook site where 3,200 tees were found. This is probably where a group of hunters prepared their weapons for an upcoming hunt. In doing so, archeology says goodbye to the widespread notion that the Paleo-Indians, in contrast to the Archaic Indians, lived mainly from the megafauna. The only thing that is clear is that with the disappearance of mammoths and mastodon in particular, a specialization on smaller animals that occur in large herds, on caribou and bison, began.

The rhyolite from Mount Jasper in Berlin is related to finds in Massachusetts (Neponset site) and Maine. So far, no slaughterhouses (“kill sites”), graves or ritual sites have been discovered, only large camps and small hunting camps, as well as stone quarrying and processing sites. The most significant stone quarrying site is Mount Jasper, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. While the rhyolite on the Israel River is similar to that on Mount Jasper, it is not from the mountain but from an unknown source. On the other hand, the Stone's Throw artifacts come from Mount Jasper. Of similar importance in providing the base material was the neighboring north slope of the Ossipee Mountains at Tamworth. There was a rock known as Ossipee hornfels containing large amounts of flint - found alongside the rhyolite from Mt. Jasper in Stone's Throw, but of the post-Paleo-Indian Archaic period. Rough hand axes made from this material, which is more like an andesite, a volcanic rock, were found about 15 km to the south-east at the Thornton site. Something similar was found 60 km north at the Porter site.

The Whipple site is considered one of the most important sites in the Northeastern United States and also provided radiocarbon data. As in the case of the Porter site and Jefferson II on the Israel River, it was a "base camp" that was used repeatedly over a long period of time. These camps were preferably established at the edge of wetlands near lakes, especially dead lakes.


Archaic period

Finds from the Archaic period, mainly tool remains made of quartz, could be dated to around 9000 BP. Archaeological excavations have shown the mining of rock types that were used for tools and weapons. North of Lake Winnipesaukee, hornfels deposits were mined as early as the Late Archaic period. One of the reasons for the early use of the lake, along with the hornfels, was a deposit of rhyolite, a rock used to make tools in workshops found at Belmont (NH 31-20-5). Various preforms, so-called cores for scrapers, scrapers, drills and blades were made in two workshop centers, which were mainly used between 6000 and 5000 BC. arose. A total of around 30,000 artifacts were found. Skins and wood were also processed there, so that these were probably permanently inhabited villages. In 1999, similar workshops were discovered at Silver Lake. These workshops provided the surrounding area with finished tools, such as the Merrimack Valley.

Another important site, a rescue dig site located on the west shore of Lake Winnipesaukee, is in the Lochmere Archaeological District. The Lodge Site (NH31-6-6) spans the Middle Archaic Period and extends into the Late Woodland Period. In addition to tools, 145 potsherds were found from the younger woodland period, which is characterized by land cultivation and the manufacture of clay vessels.


Western Abenaki, Mohawk

The western Abenaki lived in what is now New Hampshire and Vermont and adjacent areas of the New France colony in the early 17th century. They lived in the Valley of Lake Champlain, the Green Mountains, the Valley of the Connecticut, and the White Mountains whose adjacent highlands bisect the valleys of Lake Winnipesaukee and the Merrimac River to the south.

Abundant rainfall, very cold and long winters made cultivation of the soil, such as the cultivation of pumpkins, difficult. Hunting and fishing were therefore the main sources of food. Maple trees provided syrup and sugar, and the lake provided fish. The men set up traps, traps, fishing rods and nets. Field work and gardening were women's work, apart from tobacco. The women gathered wild berries, especially blueberries. In the mixed forest area, rich in game, hemlock and white pine grew in addition to deciduous trees, on the mountains and mountain slopes mainly northern deciduous trees and red fir, in the swamp areas balsam spruce, black spruce, larch and white cedar. As for large mammals, the Abenaki hunted elk, deer, and black bear, but also rabbits, weasels, squirrels, and birds; they also hunted beaver, muskrat, otter, mink, fisher marten, raccoon, fox and skunk for the fur trade, hunting in winter and with snowshoes and sleds. They were not in competition with wolves and bobcats.

The Penacook, living further south between Concord and Manchester, enjoyed a milder climate. They grew corn, beans and squash. They were the first to come into contact with the European colonists. At this early stage of European settlement, the Penacook were part of a large confederacy that was named after them. It served to repel the Mi'kmaq to the north and the Mohawk to the west. Their center was around Concord, where they built three forts around 1600, but they could not stop the Mohawk. They fell victim to a significant proportion of the tribe, so that some authors spoke of the "annihilation" (destruction) of the tribe. The 1617 epidemic, which swept from the Saco River to Cape Cod, struck every tribe along the coast. Whether they have already reached the Concord area can only be assumed. At least 17 Penacook village groups are known, but a myriad of assumptions and contradictions appear in the literature. Cook (p. 16) assumes that at least 2500 Penacook lived on the Merrimac around 1600. On Lake Winnepesaukee, which was named after the tribe of the same name, there were nine villages, seven of them in the southwest, probably with at least 1500 inhabitants. Probably around Newbury was perhaps the only large Coosuck village in the sparsely populated north.

A smallpox epidemic struck the tribes of New England in 1633 and 1634. It spread north to the Abenaki and St. Lawrence tribes, and finally to the Iroquois. Around 1637, the Abenaki received their first guns from English traders, who in 1638 established a trading post on the Merrimack River with the Pennacook. In 1642 the western Abenaki allied with the Mahican and their former enemies, the Mohawk, against the Montagnais or Innu of the north. While Jesuits managed to secure peace between eastern Abenaki and Innu, conflicts arose with the Mohawks to the west. The Pocumtuc left the Connecticut Valley in Massachusetts and headed north, leaving only Missisquoi and Cowasuck in Vermont as the last major Western Abenaki villages. In 1668 the Mohawk drove the Pennacook through New Hampshire into southern Maine.


British colonial rule

First English settlements
In 1629, the Council for New England, or King Charles I of England, granted lands in the New World to Captain John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges. The colony was named New Hampshire after English Hampshire, which in turn derived its name from Southampton or Hampton.

The first settlement arose at Odiorne's Point near present-day Portsmouth, where Odiorne Point State Park now stretches. A group of fishermen worked under the leadership of David Thompson, also known as Thomson. Thompson's father worked for Sir Ferdinando Gorges of Plymouth, who had been granted the right by King James I to establish plantations near Jamestown and Plymouth in 1623. Thompson's settlers built a fort, manor house and some cottages on Flake Hill in 1623, three days after the Pilgrims landed in Plymouth. The settlement was named Pannaway Plantation.

David Thompson had been sent by Mason, followed a few years later by Edward and William Hilton. Their expedition reached Dover, which they named Northam. Mason, who died in 1635, never saw his colony. Settlers from Pannaway later moved to the Portsmouth area, where they encountered the Laconia Company's expedition, founded in 1629, under Captain Neal. They named their settlement Strawbery Banke. In 1638 Exeter was founded by John Wheelwright.

As early as 1631, Captain Thomas Wiggin was appointed first governor of the Upper Plantation, which included Dover, Durham and Stratham.

Annexation to Massachusetts (1641–1679)
Although the small colonies agreed to unify in 1639, Massachusetts made claims to the territory. In 1641 the colony came under his jurisdiction, but Boston left them a certain degree of self-government (home rule). In 1653, Strawbery Banke petitioned the Massachusetts General Court to change his name to Portsmouth.

Royal Province (1679–1691), part of Massachusetts (1691–1741)
In 1679 Charles II separated New Hampshire from Massachusetts and made the former a royal province of New Hampshire. John Cutt became the first governor. New Hampshire belonged to the Dominion of New England from 1686, which dissolved again in 1689. After a brief period of governmentlessness, with Massachusetts in charge of foreign affairs, "William and Mary," meaning the rulers William of Orange and Mary II, issued a new charter in 1691. From 1699 to 1741 the governors of Massachusetts were also responsible for New Hampshire.


Involvement in colonial wars, disappearance of Indians, end of westward expansion

The alliance between the English and the Iroquois had forced the Abenaki to side with the French and their allies. When Chief Metacomet, or "King Philip," attacked the English colonies in 1675, most of the Abenaki remained neutral, but at least the southern groups, who were hardest hit by English settlement pressure and land grabs, supported him. The English responded with a punitive expedition, and even Penobscot and Kennebec, living further north, were drawn into the war, which degenerated into a massacre. After 1676 there were only about 4,000 Indians left in southern New England, and the number of adult males in the Merrimack area had fallen from several thousand to about 300. Many Abenaki had fled to French territory. The battles between France and England were so ruthless that by 1695 the entire border area was depopulated. A peace agreement was not reached until 1727.

By 1680 the Pemigewasset population had been decimated by smallpox. Survivors settled at Plymouth. One of their most important camps was at Profile Falls on the Smith River, another on the old Bristol-Hill highway. At Bristol, the Pemigewasset and Pass aqua-nik trails met the Mascoma trail, which followed the Smith River. The Kancamagus Trail met the Pemigewasset Trail at Woodstock, and the Asquamchumaukee Trail met it where their ancient village had stood at the mouth of the Baker River, just above Plymouth.

In 1696 the few remaining families on Lake Winnipesaukee left their village of Aquadoctan, accompanied by two young English prisoners. They joined the Pequaket tribe on the Saco River near present-day Fryeburg (in Oxford County, Maine). By 1740 the province was virtually depopulated of all indigenous groups.

In the 1730s Lieutenant Governor John Wentworth was able to plead boundary disputes in London, while Massachusetts Governor Jonathan Belcher continued to issue land to settlers in the disputed areas. In 1741, King George II laid down the current border and also separated the governorship. Benning Wentworth became the first non-Massachusetts governor of New Hampshire since Edward Cranfield. For his part, Wentworth granted land further west, which also claimed the province of New York. In 1777, Vermont declared itself an independent republic (still known as "New Connecticut" for the first six months, then as "Vermont" from July), and Vermont's first constitution was adopted and ratified.


Rebellion against Great Britain, union with USA

New Hampshire was one of the Thirteen Colonies that rose up against British colonial rule. In January 1776, New Hampshire was the first colony to establish a government and adopt a constitution, but unlike Rhode Island, which was the first to declare independence, New Hampshire was not about to shake off London's rule. The attack on what is now Fort Constitution (then Fort William and Mary) provided ammunition for the Battle of Bunker Hill, which took place just north of Boston. New Hampshire provided three regiments for the Continental Army. The New Hampshire Militia also fought at Bunker Hill, at Bennington, in the Saratoga Campaign, and the Battle of Rhode Island. In 1788, New Hampshire was admitted to the United States as one of the 13 founding states.


US state

In 1808 Concord became the state capital.

Boundary disputes, abolition of slaves, land dispute (1815–1860)

In the 1830s the border issue with Canada, which remained British, had still not been settled. Thus, from 1832 to 1835, the Republic of Indian Stream was formed on the border. The New Hampshire Militia occupied the area in 1835, but Britain did not relinquish its claims until January 1836. Only the Webster-Ashburton-Treaty regulated the border in 1842 and assigned the area to New Hampshire.

Abolitionists, pro-slavery advocates from Dartmouth College championed black education, founding Noyes Academy in Canaan in 1835, equally accessible to whites and blacks; however, after a few months, local opponents removed the school building with oxen before setting it ablaze.

Although the abolitionist Free Soil Party led by John P. Hale had many supporters, Jackson's Democratic supporters remained in the majority. They were run by editor Isaac Hill, who believed their land distribution plans served only their own interests. In 1856 the Free Soil Party merged with the Republican Party.


Civil War (1861–1865)

New Hampshire contributed 18 regiments of infantry to the Civil War, plus two regiments of cavalry, three companies of artillery, and three companies of sharpshooters. Of the 5th Infantry Division's 1,051 men mustered in October 1861, only 477 returned.

Industrialization, world economic crisis, Second World War, post-war period
Southern textile competition was troubling New Hampshire. In 1935 the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester was closed. 1949 followed the Nashua Manufacturing Company in Nashua and the bankruptcy of the paper mill of the Brown Company in Berlin. Improvements in infrastructure, especially road construction at this time, led to a stronger connection to Boston's industrial region. The supplier for weapons electronics Sanders Associates settled in the south of the state in 1952; Digital Equipment Corporation followed in the early 1970s.


The Bretton Woods Conference

The Bretton Woods Conference, or officially the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference (eng. The United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference) is an international conference held in July 1944 in New Hampshire, Bretton Woods, Mount Washington Hotel ".



In 2005, New Hampshire has an estimated population of 1,309,940, which increased by 10,771 people, or 0.8%, from the previous year and an increase of 74,154 people, or 6.0%, since 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 23,872 people (that is 75,060 births compared to 51,188 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 51,968 people in the state. Immigration outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 11,107 people, and migration within the country resulted in a net increase of 40,861 people.

Currently the state of New Hampshire has a population of 1,314,895 people, of which:
93.6% are white (European or of European descent).
2.3% are Latino or Hispanic (among whom Mexicans predominate).
2.0% are Asian.
1.1% are black.
The rest are made up of people of other ethnicities.
The population center of New Hampshire is located in Merrimack County in the town of Pembroke.


Famous people born in New Hampshire

Richard and Maurice McDonald, brothers who founded the McDonald's fast food chain in 1940.
Triple H, professional wrestler and director of operations of the WWE wrestling company since 2011, born July 27, 1969.
Ronnie James Dio, Heavy Metal singer known for having been vocalist of the bands Dio, Rainbow and Black Sabbath.
Toby Fox, composer and video game developer known primarily for being the creator of the video games Undertale and Deltarune.
GG Allin, punk musician and singer-songwriter remembered mainly for his controversial and extreme performances.
The metropolitan areas in the New England area are defined by the United States Census Bureau and are called NECTAs ("New England City and Town Area").5​ The list of these areas belonging to the state of New Hampshire are:

Small metropolitan areas
Berlin, NH.
Claremont, NH.
Concord, NH.
Franklin, NH.
Keene, NH.
Laconia, NH.
Lebanon, NH-VT.

Large metropolitan areas
Manchester, NH.
Nashua, NH This area is part of the Boston metropolitan area.
Portsmouth, NH-ME.
Rochester-Dover, NH-ME.

In 2004, the population included 64,000 foreigners (4.9%).

Ethnic groups
The major ethnic groups in New Hampshire are:
26.6% French or French-Canadians
21.1% Irish
20.1% English
10.3% Germans
10.4% Italians
7.8% Scottish

Most Irish, Canadians and Italians are descendants of early factory workers who lived in working-class cities like Manchester. New Hampshire now has the highest percentage of residents with French-Canadian ancestry in the entire country. The greatest population growth was centered on the southern border, which includes the area of influence of Boston and other cities in the state of Massachusetts.

According to the 2000 census, 3.41% of the population over five years of age speaks French at home while 1.60% speak Spanish.



The religious affiliations of New Hampshire residents are:
Religion 2018
Christians – 59%
Protestants – 33%
Catholics – 26%
Other religions – 5%
No religion – 36%



Official language:
American English
Cajun French
Abenaki language
Spanish language in the United States



The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that the state of New Hampshire's gross domestic product (GDP) in 2003 was $49 billion. Per capita personal income rose to $37,835 in 2005, sixth in the nation and one hundred and ten percent of the national average of $34,495. Its agricultural exports are dairy products, livestock, eggs and apples. Its industrial exports are machinery, electrical equipment, rubber, plastic products and tourism.

New Hampshire has experienced a significant change in its economic base over the last century. Historically the basis of the New England economy was the textile industries, shoe factories and small machine shops for farms, which represented a low-wage economy. Today, these sectors contribute very little to the state economy, thus the textile industry contributes 2%, 2% for leather products, and 9% for machinery. This base economy experienced a sudden correction due to the aging of the factories that left them obsolete and the low prices applied by the southern states to their textile products thanks to their cheap labor.

The state does not generally impose any sales tax or personal taxes (income tax) but rather the state levies a 5 percent tax on income earned from interest and dividends. This policy of tax benefits has attracted entrepreneurs and companies from other states, especially light industry, horticulture, retail sales and service companies. The entry of companies from other neighboring states has been high, as in the case of the states of Massachusetts, Maine and Vermont and, to a lesser extent, New York. Efforts are being made to diversify the economy.


Administration and politics

The governor of New Hampshire is Chris Sununu (Republican). The two senators from New Hampshire are Maggie Hassan and Jeanne Shaheen, both Democrats.

The executive power of the state is in the hands of two institutions, the governor and the five-member New Hampshire State Executive Council. The executive council votes on state contracts worth around $5,000 and advises and consents to the governor's appointments to top positions, such as department heads and all judges, as well as requests for clemency. New Hampshire lacks the administrative position of lieutenant governor; The president of the Senate assumes the executive direction of the state in cases where the governor is unable to perform the duties of his office.

The New Hampshire General Court is a bicameral legislative court, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives is the fourth largest house in the English-speaking world with four hundred members, behind only the United States House, the United Kingdom House of Commons and the Indian Parliament. This probably happens this way because the seat fee is one hundred dollars plus travel and many of the members are retired. An examination published by the Associated Press in 2005 found that about half of the members of the House of Representatives are retired, with an average age close to sixty years old. The general court is located in the New Hampshire State House .

The sole court of appeal is the New Hampshire Supreme Court. The Superior Court is the court of general jurisdiction and the only court that provides for jury trials in common civil law or criminal law cases. The state's other courts are the Probate Court, New Hampshire District Court, and Family Division.

The New Hampshire Constitution is the supreme law of the state, followed by amendments. The state constitution is the only national constitution that recognizes the right of revolution, and one of the few that does not expressly indicate the mandatory nature of a public school system.

New Hampshire is also the only state that does not have a mandatory seat belt law for adults, and there is also no law requiring helmets on motorcycles for adults, nor mandatory automobile insurance.

This state is a "Dillon Rule" state, meaning that the unspecified powers of the municipalities are managed by the state government. Even so, there is strong sentiment within the state legislature favoring local control, particularly with respect to land use regulations. Local governments in New Hampshire are traditionally run by city councils in which all residents meet, often for a political or administrative purpose, but in 1995, municipalities were given permission to use an official vote to resolve local election and budget questions, compared to the town meeting which was a more open and more public form.

New Hampshire is a state that participates within the group of states with alcoholic beverage control, and through the state liquor commission that collects 100 million dollars from the sale and distribution of liquor. The state leads the sale of all types of alcohol per capita of the country.​



New Hampshire within the world of politics is known for the New Hampshire primary, the first primary in the American presidential race. The primaries receive much more attention than the rest of the other primaries in other states and are usually the benchmark for their development, greatly marking the presidential race within the political parties.

Critics in other states have repeatedly tried, unsuccessfully, to reduce the outsized influence of the primaries. In Dixville Notch, Coos County, and Hart's Location, Carrol County, the few residents of these dozen small towns vote at midnight on primary day. According to the law, if all registered voters have exercised their right to vote, the polling station can be closed and the results of the vote count can be made public. These cities are traditionally the first cities in New Hampshire and therefore in the entire United States to vote in primaries and presidential elections.

New Hampshire has historically been dominated by the Republican Party (some sources actually trace the founding of the Republican Party to the city of Exeter in 1853) and is considered the most conservative state in the Northeast. The state supported candidate Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996, but before him, Republican Party candidates—Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon B. Johnson—had lost only three other times.

In recent years, however, in national and local elections it has become a swing state. This made it the only state that gave its vote to George W. Bush in the 2000 presidential elections and in the 2004 elections it gave its votes to the Democratic party.

Thus New Hampshire gave its four electoral votes to John Kerry in 2004 with 50.2% of the vote. The change in political trend has been consolidated in the 2006 elections, in which the two votes for Congress were won by the two Democratic candidates, Charlie Bass was defeated by Paul Hodes, and Jeb Bradley was defeated by Carol Shea. Porter); Democratic Governor John Lynch was re-elected in a historic vote as he reached 74% of the votes; The Democrats in turn also won in the vote for the Executive Council so they won a majority of members on the council. This has resulted in the two executive branches of the state, the governor and the executive council, being governed by Democrats, a fact that has not happened since 1911.

Republicans, however, won both seats in the 2006 United States Senate elections. Before the 2006 elections, it was the only state in all of New England in which Republicans held a majority in both. Houses of Representatives, Congress and Senate.

The New Hampshire state legislature is the largest of any in the United States, with four hundred elected members, and has the fewest inhabitants per representative with an approximate average of 3,200 citizens for each one.

New Hampshire is known for the freedom of individual values, such as the political tradition of promoting the values of individual freedom and limited state power. In fact, the free state project, which is a project to create a large community with those libertarian values, was chosen in a vote that was held in New Hampshire and in turn they chose New Hampshire as the place to carry out the project.



Secondary education
New Hampshire has more than 150 public high schools, many of which serve students from various towns. The largest is Pinkerton Academy in Derry, which is owned by a private, non-profit organization but serves as a public school for neighboring towns. In March 2007, Governor John Lynch and legislators proposed a constitutional amendment that would require the state to provide at least 50% of the cost of an adequate education.

New Hampshire has many private schools, including:
Bishop Brady High School, Concord
Bishop Guertin High School, Nashua
Brewster Academy, Wolfeboro
Cardigan Mountain School, Canaan
Derryfield School, Manchester
Dublin School, Dublin
High Mowing School, Wilton
Holderness School, Holderness
Holy Family Academy, Manchester
Kimball Union Academy, Meriden
New Hampton School, New Hampton
Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter
Proctor Academy, Andover
Sant Bani School, Sanbornton
St. Paul's School, Concord
St. Thomas Aquinas High School, Dover
Tilton School, Tilton
Trinity High School, Manchester
White Mountain School, Bethlehem


Higher education

Antioch University of New England
Chester College of New England
Colby-Sawyer School
Granite State School
Daniel Webster School
Dartmouth College
Franklin Pierce School
Franklin Pierce Legal Studies Center
Hesser School
Lebanon School
McIntosh School
New England School
New Hampshire Technical Community College
New Hampshire Art Institute
Southern New Hampshire University
Rivier School
Saint Anselm School
Thomas More Art School
New Hampshire University System:
University of New Hampshire
Southern New Hampshire University
Keene State School
Plymouth State University
University of New Hampshire in Manchester




Berlin Daily Sun
Concord Monitor
Conway Daily Sun
Eagle Times de Claremont
Eagle Tribune (Lawrence (Massachusetts), área, incluye la zona meridional de NH)
Foster's Daily Democrat de Dover
Keene Sentinel
Laconia Citizen
Laconia Daily Sun
New Hampshire Union Leader de Mánchester
The Portsmouth Herald
Telegraph of Nashua
Valley News de West Lebanon


Otras publications

The Baysider
The Bedford Bulletin
The Bow Times
Milford Cabinet, parte de The Cabinet Press (además Hollis, Brookline, Bedford, Merrimack)
Carriage Towne News (zona de Kingston)
The Carroll County Independent
The Clock - Universidad estatal de Plymouth periódico estudiantil
The Coös County Democrat
The Exeter News-Letter
The Goffstown News
Hippo Press (Ediciones para Mánchester, Nashua y Concord)
The Hooksett Banner
Keene Free Press
The Littleton Courier
The Londonderry Times
The New Hampshire - Universidad de Nuevo Hampshire periódico estudiantil
New Hampshire Bar Journal
New Hampshire Bar News
New Hampshire Business Review
The New Hampshire Gazette Portsmouth bisemanal que reclama ser el más antiguo de América.
New Hampshire magazine
The Nutfield News (Derry)
The Record Enterprise de Plymouth
The Salem Observer
The Tri-Town Times (Hampstead, Sandown, Chester)



ABC afiliado: WMUR, Canal 9, Mánchester
PBS afiliados en Durham, Keene y Littleton (Nuevo Hampshire Televisión Pública )
MyNetworkTV afiliado: WZMY, Canal 50, Derry (también emite para el área de Boston)



Cinemas and theaters

In New Hampshire, local company Spinelli Cinemas owns movie theaters in seven different cities, while several national chains have multiple complexes. There are also independent theaters such as the IOKA Theater in Exeter, Wilton Municipal Theatre, and Portsmouth Music Hall. Three drive-in theaters still operate in the state, located in the towns of Laconia, Milford, and Hinsdale.



Portsmouth is the city where Heavy Metal and Hard Rock vocalist Ronnie James Dio was born. Dio is considered one of the most influential voices in metal, being considered the 'Voice of Metal' and 'Godfather of Metal' like Ozzy Osbourne. He is also the one who introduced Mano cornuta to heavy culture.


In fiction

New Hampshire is the home of United States President Josiah Bartlet in the fictional television series The West Wing of the White House
Peterborough is the town on which Thornton Wilder based himself to create the town of Grover's Corners, in his work Our Town.
The novel Peyton Place is inspired by the town of Gilmanton (New Hampshire).
John Knowles based the Devon School in A Separate Peace at Phillips Exeter Academy in Exeter.
Joyce Maynard grew up in Durham, New Hampshire, and based many of her novels on life in the state, the best known of which was To Die For, which is based on the Pamela Smart murder case.
Parts of the movie Jumanji starring Robin Williams were filmed in Keene, the best known of the scenes filmed in this state is the animal stampede scene.
The majority of the independent film Live Free or Die was filmed in Claremont, New Hampshire.
Gravesend Academy, from the book A Prayer for Owen Meany, was based on Phillips Exeter Academy. The book's author, John Irving, studied at the school as well as the University of New Hampshire.
The novel The World According to Garp, by the same author as well, mostly takes place in New Hampshire.
The New York Times bestselling saga Asylum, by author Madeleine Roux, takes place in New Hampshire, telling a book of mysterious and paranormal themes that occur in what was once a psychiatric hospital.
New Hampshire was the destination of Walter White, protagonist of Breaking Bad, when he was a fugitive from justice. During his stay in said state, the cancer he suffered from took a terminal form.



The New Hampshire Motor Speedway is an oval circuit opened in 1990, where NASCAR Cup, CART and IndyCar Series motorsports races have been held.

The New Hampshire Phantoms are a soccer team founded in 1996, currently playing in the USL League Two.

The Manchester Monarchs ice hockey team played in the American Hockey League from 2001 to 2015, and the ECHL from 2015 to 2019.