Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Lebanon

 

Lebanon Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

 

Flag of Lebanon

Language: Arabic, French

Currency: Lebanese pound (LBP)

Calling Code: 961

 

 

 

Lebanon (Arabic: لبنان Lubnān), officially the Lebanese Republic, is a country in the Middle East that borders on the south with Israel, on the north and east with Syria, and is bathed by the Mediterranean Sea to the west. In the cities of Baalbek, Tire and Byblos there are the oldest preserved Roman temples and Phoenician sanctuaries. It has one of the highest HDIs in the region, being the 7th highest in the Arab World. Being a country influenced by many cultures, it is reflected in the diversity of architecture and society. In Beirut there is the architectural influence typical of Arab countries, with large mosques for the Muslim population, and at the same time large Maronite or Orthodox churches for Christians, and modern skyscrapers.

It was part of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1918, when it collapsed at the end of the First World War. Then the five provinces that make up modern Lebanon were under the French Mandate. The French expanded the borders of the Governorate of Mount Lebanon, which was populated by Maronites and Druzes to include more Muslims. Lebanon gained independence in 1943, establishing a unique political system, Confessionalism, a consociational type of power sharing among religious communities. Bechara El Khoury, first president of Lebanon, Riad el-Solh, first Prime Minister of Lebanon and Emir Majid Arslan II, Prime Minister of Defense, as the three founders of the modern Republic of Lebanon and national heroes for having achieved independence are considered . Foreign troops withdrew completely from the country on December 31, 1946. Until the 1970s, Lebanon was the financial center of the Middle East, which earned it the nickname of Near Eastern Switzerland. However, its economic importance disintegrated with the terrible Lebanese Civil War of 1975-1990, which destroyed an exemplary political equilibrium. Since 1973 he has been a member of the International Organization of la Francophonie.

By mid-2006, the country had regained a considerable degree of stability and development, the reconstruction of Beirut was almost complete and a growing number of tourists were returning to the country, but in the summer of 2006 the Lebanon War broke out one month long, between the Israeli army and Hezbollah, which caused a large number of civilian casualties and significant damage to the country's infrastructure. On 14 August, a ceasefire was reached after an appeal to end the hostilities of the UN Security Council.

 

Travel Destination in Lebanon

 

Anjar

 

Medieval town of Anjar was originally built as a trading post on the crossing of the trading routes in the strategic Bekaa Valley.

Baalbek

 

Ruins of the ancient town of Baalbek in the Beqaa Valley is one of the most important archeological sites left from the time of Antiquity.

 

Byblos Castle

 

Byblos Castle is a well preserved example of European military architecture in the Middle East that remains in near perfect preservation state.

Jeita Grotto

 

Jeita Grotto is a large network of naturally formed caves with splendid geological formations near Beirut, capital of Lebanon.

Kadisha Valley

 

Picturesque Kadisha Valley is famous for its numerous ancient Christian monasteries perched on its beautiful cliffs.

Sidon Sea Castle

 

Sidon Sea Castle is a medieval fortress constructed on the island by Crusaders in the early 13th century to defend their conquests.

Tyre

 

Tyre is one of the most important and one of the largest ancient archaeological sites situated in South Governorate in Lebanon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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