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Naples

Naples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Probably the most famous of Napolitan songs "O sole Mio"

  

Description of Naples

Naples is an Italian municipality of 962 260 inhabitants, capital of the homonymous metropolitan city and Campania region. It is the third largest municipality in Italy by population, Naples is among the most populous and densely populated metropolitan areas of the European Union.

Founded by the Cumans in the 8th century BC , it was one of the most important cities of Magna Græcia, thanks to its privileged relationship with Athens, and exerted a significant commercial, cultural and religious influence on the surrounding Italic peoples so as to become the seat of the Epicurean school of Filodemo di Gadara and Sirone. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, in the 8th century the city formed an autonomous duchy independent of the Byzantine Empire; later, from the thirteenth century and for about six hundred years, it was the capital of the Kingdom of Naples; with the Restoration it became the capital of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies under the Bourbons until the Unification of Italy. For cultural, political, historical and social reasons it has been, from ancient times up to the present day, one of the cardinal cities of the West.

Seat of Frederick II, the oldest state university in Europe, also houses the Oriental , the oldest university of Sinological and Oriental studies of the continent and the Nunziatella, one of the oldest military academies in the world, elected historical and cultural heritage of Mediterranean countries by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean. Place of origin of the Neapolitan language, has exercised and exerts a strong role in numerous fields of knowledge, culture and collective imagination at national and international level.

Center of the naturalistic philosophy of the Renaissance and European illuminist center, it has long been a global reference point for classical music and opera through the Neapolitan musical school, giving to the comic opera.

Town impressive tradition in the field of fine arts, which has its roots in the ' classical era, gave rise to the original architectural and art movements, such as the Neapolitan Renaissance and Neapolitan Baroque, the Caravaggio, the school of Posillipo and the Neapolitan Liberty, as well as minor arts but of international importance, such as the Capodimonte porcelain and the Neapolitan crib.

It is at the origin of a distinctive form of theater, of a world-famous song and of a peculiar culinary tradition which includes foods that take on the role of global icons, such as Neapolitan pizza, and the art of its pizza makers which has been declared by UNESCO as the intangible heritage of humanity.

In 1995 the historic center of Naples was recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage of humanity , for its exceptional monuments, which testify to the succession of cultures of the Mediterranean and Europe. In 1997 the Somma - Vesuvio volcanic system was elected by the same international agency (with the nearby Miglio d'Oro, which also includes the eastern neighborhoods of the city) among the world biosphere reserves.

 

Travel Destinations in Naples

Orientation
The Historical Centre, or Centro Storico of Naples is not only amazing but can also be something of a maze, filled with small irregular alleys. While the exact limits of the Centro Storico are a matter of debate, an inclusive definition could set its boundaries to Via Floria in the north, Corso Giuseppe Garibaldi to the east, the waterfront to the south and Via Toledo and the Quartieri Spagnoli to the west. Out of this huge area, the sections found to the north of Corso Umberto I, and to the west of Via Duomo are most likely to be of interest to travelers. While orientation in this area is difficult there are a few main roads by which you can direct yourself. Corso Umberto I cuts across the Centro Storico from the north-east to the south-west, connecting to the central train station in the north-east, and is one of few major multilane roads in historical centre. At Piazza Nicola Amore it crosses Via Duomo, a major road going across the centre from north to south. Finally, Via dei Tribunali and Spaccanapoli are two long, but rather narrow and crowded roads crossing the centre from east to west, both packed with street vendors and old churches. Notice that Spaccanapoli (literally "Naples splitter") is an unofficial name. The street's official names are Via Benedetto Croce for its western part and Via San Biagio Dei Librai for its eastern section. After crossing Via Duomo it loses much of its character, but continues east under the name Via Vicaria Vecchia.

South-west of the Centro Storico you will find the area San Ferdinando, consisting of a large headland into the bay of Naples. The area has long been the regal centre of Naples, with the two medieval castles Castel Nuovo and Castel dell'Ovo, and the old Royal Palace of Naples. Via Partenope and Via Nazario Sauro, packed with restaurants and hotels, follow the San Ferdinando waterfront and provide you with a beautiful view of the bay of Naples. Other areas of interest to tourists are Chiaia, an affluent district with plenty of opportunities for shopping directly west of San Ferdinando; and Vomero, a hilly residential area north of Chiaia and west of the Centro Storico, which due to its elevated location provide panoramic views of the bay and Vesuvius. Finally, aside from being beautiful, the bay to south of Naples and the mountain Vesuvius on its east are also good points of orientation, as they can be seen from several locations in the city.

National Archaeological Museum (Museo Archeologico Nazionale) (Naples)

Museum of Capodimonte (Museo di Capodimonte) (Naples)

Parco di Capodimonte Map

Tel. 081- 749 91 11

Open: 8:30am- 7:30pm

Closed: Wednesday

Tel. +39 081 749 9111

Museum of Capodimonte or Museo di Capodimonte is an art museum at the Northern boundary of Naples on top of a hill of Capodimonte. It was constructed in 1730's by J. Medrano by order of Charles of Bourbon as a royal residence. Charles intended to keep this residence to house collection of art from ancient period as well as Renaissance inherited from his mother Elizabeth Farnese. He didn't see his work of art completed. In fact it took over a century to complete Museum of Capodimonte. Today it houses the Museum and the National Gallery of Capodimonte. It has some of the best paintings of Bellini, Botticelli, Caravaggio, Correggio, Masaccio, Titian, and many others.

 

 

San Giovanni a Carbonara (Naples)

Via Carbonara 5

Tel. +39 081 29 5873

Open: 9am- 2:30pm

 

San Giovanni a Carbonara is one of the most colourful churches in Naples. Its history began in the 15th century when it was constructed on the orders of King Ladislaus of Durazzo as a present for the monastery of brothers of Saint Augustine. It was originally found in 1343. This Roman Catholic church served both as the house of prayer and a burial place for the rulers of Naples of the Angevin dynasty. San Giovanni a Carbonara was dedicated to Saint Giovanni, while its nickname Carbonara or "coal- carrier" is a reference to medieval practice. During Middle Age San Giovanni a Carbonara along the monastery was situated outside of the Eastern city walls of Naples. Specially designated workers collected garbage and waste from the city streets and brought it outside of the walls to burn it and hence the nickname was born.

 

Naples Cathedral ( Duomo di Napoli, Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta or Cattedrale di San Gennaro) (Naples)

San Domenica Maggiore (Naples)

Cappella Sansevero (Naples)

Cappella Sansevero (Naples)

Via F. de Santis 19

Tel. 081 551 84 70

Open: 10am- 5:40pm Wed- Mon

10am- 1:10pm Sun

 

Cappella Sansevero is a small chapel with a crypt in the basement. It was constructed in the 16th century for the Duke di Sangro Sansevere and his family. The interior of the church contains Christian as well as Masonic symbolism indicating that the famous noble belonged to this powerful secretive organisation. Additionally the crypt of the chapel is tied to the eccentric Prince Raimondo who became famous as an alchemist in the 18th century. He conducted experiments on dead human bodies. His dubious pseudo- scientific projects earned him excommunication by the Roman Catholic Church. In the crypt of the chapel you can see some of the results of some of his experiments.

 

 

San Lorenzo Maggiore (Naples)

Via Tribunali

Tel. 316 081 211 0860

Church: 9am- 1pm, 3pm- 6pm daily

Excavations: 9:30am- 5:30pm Mon- Sat

9:30am- 1:30pm Sun

San Lorenzo Maggiore is a Roman Catholic Church that was constructed in the early 14th century during reign of Robert the Wise of Anjou. It is one of the few Gothic buildings preserved in Naples. The facade was added in the 18th century.

In addition being served as a house of prayer San Lorenzo Maggiore also serves as a resting place for notable people of Naples. Most of them date back to the Medieval period. One of the most beautiful tombstone is that of Saint Catherine of Austria. It was made by Giovanni Pisano and his students.

In addition to the main building of San Lorenzo Maggiore it also has archaeological digs in the basement of the church. Archeological digs underneath the building revealed ruins of ancient Roman basilica. Excavations are open to the public for additional entrance fee.

 

 

 

 

 

San Gregorio Armeno (Naples)

Via San Gregorio Armeno 1

Tel. 081 552 0186

Palazzo Reale (Naples)

Quartieri Spagnoli (Spanish Quarter) (Naples)

Porta Capuana (Naples)

Castel Nuovo (Naples)

 

 

 

 

 

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