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Moscow Red Square

Moscow Red Square

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Description of the Moscow Red Square

Moscow Red Square

Most recognized destination in Russia, Red Square is surrounded by buildings and structure from most of Russia's history. Ironically this World famous landmark has a wrong translation. A Russian world for for "red" or krasnaya (красная) in medieval times was actually used in two meanings: red and beautiful. So the actual name of this World famous landmark is "Beautiful Square". Kremlin walls that serve as a backdrop for Red Square were originally wooden. Only in the 14th century they were replaced by a white stone structure, but even after red brick walls were erected in the 15th century the defences were still painted white. So for much of Russia's history "Red Square" was surrounded by white color. In fact another nickname for Moscow is "white- stoned" or belokamennaya (белокаменная).

 

Few people who visit Red Square realize that it was designed as a single open air church modelled after Church of Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem (map of the church on the left). If you look at the layout of Church of Holy Sepulchre you can see the similarities between general outline of these structures. It is no coincidence. Faith in New Jerusalem as a place of righteousness was particularly strong in a Russian society at the time it was constructed. Architected simply put these beliefs in stone and brick.

 

Open space of Red Square served as a place for worshippers, while the area around Holy Virgin Protection Cathedral (mistakenly known as Saint Basil Cathedral in the West) served as the altar where Jesus Christ was buried. In the medieval times Saint Basil's Cathedral stood on a small round hill that in eyes of Russians represented a round rotunda where the tomb of the Jesus' burial stands. The church itself is so small that it was never intended to serve as a major prayer site. Instead its presence on a location was supposed to represent a chapel of Tomb of Christ on a round hill. If you have been to Jerusalem you would know that Calvary or Golgotha stands just few feet from the former burial cave of Jesus. Here on Red Square medieval artisans constructed their own small version of Golgotha. Lobnoye Mesto or literally 'Forehead Place' was a reference to Golgotha or 'place of the skull'.

 

 


 

Transportation

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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