Mountain Ai- Petri is the highest mountain on the
Crimean Peninsula at an elevation of 1234 meters (4049 feet). It is
towers over municipality of Alupka and Yalta.
Name of Ai- Petri mountain is translated from Greek
language as Saint Peter (Άγιος
Πέτρος) after a Greek Orthodox
monastery that once stood on Ai- Petri plateau near its peak. It was
dedicated to Christ's apostle Saint Peter. The easiest to get here
is by cable car from Alupka. Its total length is 3.5 km taking all
the way to the base of the peak. Two kilometres of this cable
between Ai- Petri mountain and station Pine Forest (Сосновый
Бор) has support, which is considered the longest in Europe.
Another way to get to the top is by taking a taxi. It is about 20-
30 minutes of drive, but you have no chance of being stuck in a
cable car as it happened in August 2013 when several people were
stuck for hours there.
Once you will get to the parking lot you will met
numerous restaurants and several stables with horses, ponies,
donkeys and even camels. Although I would suggest skipping taking a
meal here, you can take a rent horse to explore the plateau around
Ai- Petri. Short climb to the top of the Ain Petri is not very long
or too steep. However the rocks were well polished by thousands of
tourists (including last Russian emperor Nicholas II with his
family) over a course of decades so they might get fairly slippery.
So watch you feet. Once you will get to the top you can do base
jumping if you risk it from the peak. Ai- Petri is very steep on its
South side offering a fantastic view of the Black Sea below. The
north side of the mountain is a different matter. It is a plateau
that is virtually flat covered with low pines and patches of broad
Ai- Petri peak is one of
the most windiest in Crimea. Wind velocity on top reaches a speed of 50 m/s
(110 mph). Despite that the plateau on the Northern part is well
protected from the nature's wrath. People settled this area since
the Stone age. Their tools and weapons were discovered here. In
addition there are several caves that keep temperature cool all year
long. Today these caves are open to the public. The trails are
fairly well marked. The largest cave is known as Trechglazka (Трехглазка)
or Three eyed cave.
Administratively refers to the Yalta city district
of Crimea. The height of the mountain is 1234 m. There are the
Glavnaya/Main (1234 m), Zapadnaya/ Western and Vostochnaya/ Eastern
(1100 m) peaks of Ai-Petri. The silhouette of the mountain completes
the line of the picturesque amphitheater from the sea itself - Cape
Ai-Todor with the Swallow's Nest - to the famous curly teeth.
Ai-Petri dents consist of four large (60-80 m high) and a series of
small protrusions on the ridge, formed during the weathering of
heterogeneous reef limestones.
On Ai-Petri there is a maximum
number of foggy days in the Crimea (in 1970 - 215 days). The maximum
amount of precipitation on Ai-Petri (and in the Crimea) - 1718 mm -
was recorded in 1981. Ai-Petri is the most windy point of Crimea -
(in 1949 the wind blew here for 125 days at a speed of more than 15
m / s). At Ai-Petri, the highest wind speed was also recorded - 50 m
/ s. There is a wind farm on the plateau, however, due to the strong
wind, the blades were ripped off and now it is inoperative. Also on
the plateau, on Perepelinaya Gora (Beden-Kyr - 1320 m), in Soviet
times a complex of radar stations for tracking air and space was
Ai-Petri is located above the city of Alupka and the
village of Koreiz in the territory that is part of the Yalta
Mountain Forest Reserve.
A cableway - Miskhor - Sosnovy Bor -
Ai-Petri with one of the longest unsupported spans in Europe was
laid from South Coast to Ai-Petri. The mountain offers a beautiful
panorama of the Black Sea and Yalta. On the plateau is a small
By car, you can get to Ai-Petri along
the Yalta-Bakhchisaray highway (past the Uchan-Su waterfall and the
Silver Arbor). From the north, the road to the top comes from the
Belbek Valley, from the village of Sokolinoye. Under difficult
weather conditions and during a fire hazard period (July-August),
the road is often blocked by the traffic police for safety reasons.
Sometimes pass only passenger cars. In winter, the traffic on
Ai-Petri is regulated by the traffic police post located in the
middle of the serpentine after the resting place "Uchan-Su
Waterfall". Often the driveway is further open only for SUVs
equipped with snow chains.
One of the walking routes to the
peak of Ai-Petri goes from the Uchan-Su waterfall along the Botkin
and Taraktash trails to the plateau and further along the dirt road
to the Yalta-Bakhchisaray highway.
A number of climbing
routes of difficulty categories 1-5 were laid to the top of the
mountain, including through Ai-Petri tines. Also in the immediate
vicinity of the summit are the beginnings of several routes for
The highest point of the Ai-Petri plateau is Mount
Roka - 1346 m above sea level.
In pre-revolutionary times,
Felix Feliksovich Sumarokov-Elston-Yusupov (elder) gave Ai-Petri
Mount to his wife, Zinaida Nikolaevna Yusupova.