Ermak Travel Guide

 

Kirillov

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Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Kirillov

Kirillov is located in the northwestern part of the Vologda region on the shore of Siverskoye Lake. This is a cozy provincial town, one of the most important tourist centers of the Vologda Region. The central part of Kirillov is dominated by a mighty fortress, a UNESCO World Heritage Site list item - the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery.

Not far from Kirillov is the village of Ferapontovo, in which another UNESCO object is located - Ferapontov Monastery, as well as the Nilo-Sorsk desert and the Goritsky Monastery. The city and the monasteries are located on the territory of the national park "Russian North", which occupies most of the Kirillov district.

 

 

 

History of Kirillov

In the 13th century, the territory on which Kirillov now stands was a part of the Principality of Beloozero, which was taken over by the Grand Duchy of Moscow in the 14th century. In 1397, St. Cyril of White Lake, a monk and a disciple of St. Sergius of Radonezh, founded the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery on the shore of Lake Siverskoye. A monastic sloboda, from which the town later grew, developed around the monastery. The monastery was subordinate to Archbishops of Rostov. In the 15th–17th centuries, the monastery developed into one of the most influential monasteries in Russia. It also helped that the Sheksna River was one of the most heavily used waterways connecting central and northern Russia. At some point, the monastery was the second biggest landowner after the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius. Vasili III of Russia, the Grand Prince of Moscow, and Ivan the Terrible, the Tsar, visited the monastery on several occasions.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the territory was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. The territory became a part of Charondsky Uyezd of Belozersk Province of Novgorod Governorate. In 1776, the territory was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty.At the same time, Kirillov was chartered and became the seat of Kirillovsky Uyezd. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished and the territory was transferred to Novgorod Governorate. Kirillovsky Uyezd was abolished as well; however, it was reestablished in 1802.

In June 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Kirillovsky Uyezd, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate, with the administrative center in Cherepovets. On August 1, 1927 Cherepovets Governorate was abolished and its territory became Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. At the same time, uyezds were abolished and Kirillovsky District was established. On September 23, 1937, Kirillovsky District was transferred to newly established Vologda Oblast.

 

 

 


 

Transportation

How to get there
By train
To the railway station of Vologda, then by road.

By bus
From Vologda from the bus station by bus, departing a few (5) times a day, travel time 2 hours 45 minutes.
From Cherepovets by bus 2 times a day, from Gorits - 3 times a day.
It is also possible to get to Kirillov by transit buses from Belozersk and Vytegra.

On the ship
On cruise ships sailing along the Volga-Balt to the port of Gorits, then as part of an organized excursion a few kilometers by bus.

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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