Vologda Oblast, Russia

The Vologda Oblast is a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, part of the Northwestern Federal District. The area is 144,527 km², the population is 1,128,580 people. (2023).

The administrative center is the city of Vologda (313,944 people). The distance from Vologda to Moscow is 465 km.



Vytegorsky, Belozersky, Vashkinsky and Kirillovsky districts.

Central part
Vologda, Ust-Kubinsky, Vozhegodsky, Kharovsky, Syamzhensky, Sokolsky, Mezhdurechensky and Gryazovetsky districts.

Verkhovazhsky, Totemsky, Babushkinsky, Tarnogsky, Nyuksensky, Velikoustyugsky, Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky and Nikolsky districts.

Chagodoshchensky, Ustyuzhensky, Kaduysky, Cherepovets, Babaevsky and Sheksninsky districts



Vologda is the administrative center of the region. It has its own Kremlin, many old churches and, of course, carved palisades.
Belozersk is one of the oldest cities in Russia, located on the White Lake and once famous for its fishing industry.
Veliky Ustyug is an ancient Russian city, "the birthplace of Father Frost".
Vytegra is a city on the Volga-Baltic Canal, 15 km south of Lake Onega.
Kirillov is a city on Lake Siverskoye, where the largest in terms of area in Russia, the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery is located.
Tot'ma is a city on the Sukhona River on the way between Vologda and Veliky Ustyug, interesting for its architecture (including the temple) and the status of the homeland of Russian explorers and sailors who mastered Siberia and Russian America.
Ustyuzhna is the city where the metallurgical industry of Russia was born and the action of Gogol's "Inspector General" took place.
Cherepovets is an industrial city in the north of the Rybinsk Reservoir on the Sheksna River.



Other destinations

Ferapontov Monastery

Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery

Russian North National Park
Darwin State Reserve
the village of Nelazskoye - the Assumption Church (1694), an outstanding monument of wooden architecture
town Kaduy



In the Vologda region, as in the original Russian land, all residents speak Russian. However, visitors who are not accustomed to the northern dialect will find it unusual to pronounce the unstressed vowel o - the so-called okanye, as well as some other features inherent in the dialects of the Vologda group of the Northern Russian dialect. From the locals you can also hear dialect words unknown to the literary language.

A small group of the indigenous population - the Vepsians - lives on the territory of the region. However, there are only about 400 of them, and a traveler who does not set himself the practical task of hearing Veps speech is unlikely to succeed.


Getting here

By plane
Air traffic in the Vologda Oblast, despite the long distances and isolation of the region, is extremely poorly developed. Throughout the region, there are only two sufficiently large airports that you can fly to from other cities.

The first of these is Cherepovets International Airport (IATA:CEE), which is the base for Severstal Airlines. Medium-class planes of this airline only fly to Cherepovets from several cities in Russia and even from Helsinki. In summer there are seasonal flights from the resort cities of Russia and charters from the Bulgarian Burgas.

Since 2014, the Vologda airport has resumed its work. The Vologda Aviation Enterprise on three Yak-40 aircraft, two or three times a week, operates flights from Moscow, St. Petersburg, as well as from the territory of the region from Veliky Ustyug.

By train
More than 5 trains run daily from Moscow to Vologda from the Yaroslavsky railway station. Travel time from 7 to 9 hours. From St. Petersburg 3-4 trains per day. Travel time from 11 hours



The subject was formed on September 23, 1937 by the decision of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR "On the division of the Northern region into the Vologda and Arkhangelsk regions."

Until the 15th century, the western regions of the present Vologda region were part of the Novgorod land, and the central and eastern lands were first part of the Rostov Principality, and then the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

At the end of the 15th century, the Vologda district was created (counties were the main administrative-territorial units of the state).

Since 1708, the territory was included in the Arkhangelsk province and the Ingermanland province, and since 1727 the western part was included in the Novgorod province. In 1780, the three provinces of the Arkhangelsk province Vologda, Veliky Ustyug and Arkhangelsk were transformed into regions and included in the Vologda viceroy, and in 1796 the Vologda province was formed from the southern and southeastern parts of the territory of the Vologda viceroy.

The Decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of January 27, 1918 established that the borders of the provinces were determined by the decision of the Councils of these territories.

On March 26, 1918, in the city of Cherepovets, at the congress of representatives of the Soviets of 5 districts of the Novgorod province: Tikhvin, Ustyuzhensky, Cherepovets, Kirillovsky and Belozersky, the Cherepovets province was established (I. V. Timokhin was elected the first chairman of the provincial executive committee). On June 5, 1918, the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Russian Republic approved this decision.

On April 6, 1918, the Vologda Governorate was established: the I Vologda Provincial Congress of Soviets of Workers', Peasants' and Soldiers' Deputies gathered in Vologda, which was attended by 200 delegates from volost and district Soviets, which decided to form the Vologda Governorate. The Bolshevik Vetoshkin, Mikhail Kuzmich (1884-1958), was elected the first chairman of the Vologda provincial executive committee (which consisted of 26 people).

On June 17, 1918, at the congress of representatives of the Soviets of 5 eastern districts of the Vologda province: Veliky Ustyug, Nikolsky, Solvychegodsky, Ust-Sysolsky and Yarensky, the North Dvina province was established with its center in Veliky Ustyug. The Right Socialist-Revolutionary Albert Leontievich (Abel Leibovich) Mentsikovsky (1871 - 02/14/1919), deputy chairman I. M. Shumilov (Bolshevik), was elected the first chairman of the North Dvina provincial executive committee. On June 24, 1918, the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Russian Republic approved this decision.

On April 10, 1924, by the Decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, the volost and district divisions were abolished on the territory of the North Dvina province, and zoning was carried out. The province was divided into 18 districts: Verkhnetoemsky, Cherevkovsky, Krasnoborsky, Solvychegodsky, Lensky, Vilegodsky, Lalsky, Kotlassky, Velikoustyugsky, Nyuksensky, Ust-Alekseevsky, Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky, Podosinovsky, Enangsky, Oparinsky, Voznesensko-Vokhomsky, Nikolsky, Roslyatinsky. The city of Yarensk was transformed into a village. On February 27, 1928, Ust-Alekseevsky (attached to Veliky Ustyug) and Enangsky (attached to Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky) districts were abolished, and the Nyuksensky district was renamed Sukhonsky.

In 1927, the Cherepovets Governorate became part of the Leningrad Region, and in January 1929, the North Dvina and Vologda Governorates became part of the Northern Territory. On January 14, 1929, the Vologda Okrug was formed in the region with the center in the city of Vologda, it included the districts: Vozhegodsky, Vologda, Gryazovetsky, Kokshengsky, Kubeno-Ozersky, Ledengsky, Sverdlovsky, Syamzhensky, Tolshmensky, Totemsky, Ust-Kubinsky, Kharovsky, Chebsarsky and Shuisky.

On July 23, 1930, the district division in the region was liquidated. On July 30, 1931, the following districts disappeared: Verkhovazhsky, formed in 1929 as part of the Nyandoma district of the Northern Territory (the territory was transferred to the Velsky district); Syamzhensky (entered Totemsky and Kharovsky districts); Kokshengsky and Sukhonsky (their territory was included in the newly formed Nyuksensky district); Tolshmensky (entered the Totemsky and Shuisky districts); Roslyatinsky (attached to the Ledengsky district), and on September 20 - the following: Abakanovsky (the territory was transferred to the Cherepovets and Kaduysky districts); Ulomsky (the territory was transferred to the Cherepovetsky district and the Vesyegonsky district of the Kalinin region); Nikolo-Torzhsky (attached to the Kirillovsky district). Petropavlovsky district was renamed Charozersk.

Then, after the adoption of the Constitution of the USSR on December 5, 1936, the eastern part of the modern region became part of the Northern Region, formed during the division of the Northern Territory.

In connection with the division of the Northern Region on September 23, 1937 into the Vologda and Arkhangelsk Regions, the city of Cherepovets and 18 districts were transferred from the Leningrad Region to the Vologda Region: Cherepovets, Myaksinsky, Prisheksninsky, Petrinevsky, Kirillovsky, Charozersky, Vashkinsky, Belozersky, Babaevsky, Kaduysky, Chagodoshchensky, Ustyuzhensky, Borisovo-Sudsky, Sholsky, Oshtinsky, Kovzhinsky, Vytegorsky and Andomsky.

On August 13, 1944, the Pavinsky and Vokhomsky districts were transferred to the Kostroma region.


Physical and geographical characteristics


The Vologda Oblast is located in the northeast of the East European Plain, in the continental part of the taiga zone. It borders on eight subjects of the Russian Federation: Arkhangelsk region in the north, Kirov region in the east, Kostroma and Yaroslavl regions in the south, Tver and Novgorod regions in the southwest, Leningrad region in the west, and the Republic of Karelia in the northwest. The greatest length from north to south is 385 km, and from west to east - 650 km. As a result, in the east of the region, the Sun rises earlier than in the west, by almost 50 minutes, which is the difference in local time between the western and eastern regions of the region. In terms of territory, it ranks 26th in Russia.



The relief here is hilly - lowlands (Prionezhskaya, Mologo-Sheksninskaya), ridges (Andogskaya, Belozerskaya, Kirillovskaya) and uplands (Andomskaya, Vepsovskaya, Vologda, Galichskaya, Verkhnevazhskaya) alternate. The height of the region above sea level is 150-200 meters. The surface is a low-lying plain with many lakes, swamps, rivers and numerous low ridges and hills. On the territory of the region there is a watershed of Eurasia between the basins of the Arctic, Atlantic oceans and the basin of internal flow (Caspian Sea) - the point "Atleka". In the south-east of the region - Northern Uvaly. The lowest point is the Prionezhskaya lowland - 33 meters above sea level. The highest - 304 meters - Mount Malgora, Vepsovskaya Upland. The highest points of the Andoma Upland (293 meters), the Andog Ridge (299 meters) and the Northern Uvals (Isakova Mountain - 293 meters) are slightly inferior to Malgora.



The climate of the region is temperate continental with long moderately cold winters and relatively short warm summers. The severity of the climate increases from west to east. The average temperature in January is from -11 °C in the west of the region to -14 °C in the east, the average temperature in July, respectively, is from +16 °C to +18 °C. There is quite a lot of precipitation - 500-650 mm per year (maximum in the summer months); evaporation is much less, so the area is rich in rivers, lakes and swamps. Snow cover lies for 165-170 days. The growing season is about 130 days long.


Inland waters

The Vologda Oblast is rich in water resources. A dense river network is characteristic, there are more than 2000 rivers in total, of which 13 are large: Sukhona with tributaries Vologda and Dvinitsa, South with Luza, Mologa with Chagodoshcha, Sheksna, Suda, the upper reaches of the Unzha, Andom. The rivers of the region are fed by mixed snow and rain. The April-June season accounts for half of the annual river flow. Freeze lasts 160-170 days.

There are more than 5 thousand lakes. In the south-west there are Sheksninskoye and the large Rybinsk reservoir, in the west there are lakes: Beloe, Kubenskoye and Vozhe. Lake Onega in the north of the region connects the Volga-Baltic waterway with the Volga. Swamps are widespread (12% of the region's territory), concentrated mainly in the western regions.


Soils, flora and fauna

The vegetation is typical for the middle and southern taiga. Podzolic soils predominate in the northern part of the region, soddy-podzolic soils predominate in the southern part, and bog soils are found in places. Forests occupy about 75% of the region's territory (80% in the northwest and southeast, up to 50% in the central part). More than half of the forests are coniferous, mostly spruce forests. The most common forest species are European spruce and Siberian spruce, as well as their hybrid Finnish spruce, in second place is Scots pine. Siberian fir is found in the eastern part of the region, and Sukachev larch (Russian, a subspecies of Siberian larch) is found mainly in the eastern and northern parts. Warty birch, downy birch and aspen are widespread, often forming secondary forests. Somewhat less common are gray alder and black alder. In areas with fertile soils, mainly in the undergrowth, less often - in the second and first tiers of the forest stand, small-leaved linden, smooth elm, rough elm sometimes grow, in the west of the region, maple is added, and in the south-west - pedunculate oak, common ash and hazel ordinary. The fauna is typical for the taiga: elk, brown bear, wild boar, wolverine, white hare, pine marten, badger, wolf, fox; birds - capercaillie, white partridge, black grouse, hazel grouse. Salmon, nelma, bream, pike perch, perch, pike, etc. are found in rivers and lakes. Several protected areas of national importance have been created in the Vologda Oblast: the Russian North, the Darwin Reserve and other 198 specially protected natural areas of the regional level.

A tenth of the area is occupied by meadows - the second (after the forest) natural wealth of the region.

Of the natural resources, the main ones are wood reserves, fresh water reserves are large, part of the insignificant hydropower potential is realized at the Sheksninskaya HPP. The region is not rich in minerals - there are deposits of peat, building materials, table salt and mineral waters, river pearls are found in the rivers, the territory on the border with the Arkhangelsk and Kirov regions is promising for the discovery of diamond deposits.



According to Rosstat, the population of the region is 1,128,580 people. (2023). Population density - 7.81 people / km2 (2023). Urban population - 73.1% (824981).

The Vologda Oblast ranks first among all other regions of Russia in terms of the share of the Russian population in the region (96.56% of Russians among the total population of the region); and in third place after the Bryansk and Arkhangelsk regions in terms of the share of the East Slavic population (Bryansk - 98.37%, Arkhangelsk - 98.03%, Vologda - 97.92%).

The indigenous people are the Veps, who live compactly in the north-west of the region.


Power and politics

The Vologda Oblast, as a subject of the Russian Federation, has a certain constituent power, which consists in the right to adopt its charter, laws and other regulatory legal acts. The charter of the Vologda Oblast establishes the foundations of the legal status, ensuring human and civil rights, as well as the institutions of democracy, the economic and financial foundations of the region, the foundations of socio-cultural policy, the organization of state power, administrative-territorial division and the organization of local self-government.

Legislative Assembly
Legislative power is exercised by the Legislative Assembly - a unicameral parliament of 34 deputies elected by a mixed electoral system (17 + 17) by the inhabitants of the region for 5 years. The current convocation was elected in September 2021. The deputies represent 5 parties: United Russia (24), Communist Party of the Russian Federation (5), LDPR (2), Just Russia (2), Party of Pensioners (1). Chairman - Andrey Lutsenko. The next elections are expected in September 2026.


Governor and government

Executive power is exercised by the governor, the government of the Vologda Oblast headed by him, and other executive authorities. The government of the region includes departments, committees, departments, divisions. The governor is elected by the inhabitants of the region for a term of five years and cannot hold the said position for more than two consecutive terms. The current governor is Oleg Kuvshinnikov. In December 2011, he was appointed acting governor, and then empowered by deputies of the Legislative Assembly. In 2012, in most subjects of the Russian Federation, direct elections of governors were returned with a municipal filter, a two-term limit, and the possibility of dismissal by decree of the President of the Russian Federation. In the early elections in September 2014, Kuvshinnikov ("United Russia") won 62.98% of the vote and was elected for 5 years. In the elections in September 2019, Kuvshinnikov ("United Russia") was re-elected for 5 years.

The Government of the Vologda Oblast is headed by the First Deputy Governor. The position is held by Anton Koltsov.


History of administrative transformations

Initially, the region was divided into 41 districts: Andomsky, Babaevsky, Belozersky, Biryakovsky, Borisovo-Sudsky, Vashkinsky, Velikoustyugsky, Verkhovazhsky, Vozhegodsky, Vokhomsky, Vytegorsky, Gryazovetsky, Kaduysky, Kirillovsky, Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky, Kovzhinsky, Kubeno-Ozersky, Ledengsky (from 1941 - Babushkinsky), Lezhsky, Mezhdurechensky, Myaksinsky, Nikolsky, Nyuksensky, Oshtinsky, Pavinsky, Petrinevsky, Prisheksninsky, Roslyatinsky, Sokolsky, Syamzhensky, Tarnogsky, Totemsky, Ust-Alekseevsky, Ust-Kubinsky, Ustyuzhensky, Kharovsky, Chagodoshchensky, Charozersky, Chebsarsky , Cherepovets and Sholsky.

The Vologda district was formed in 1938, and the Ulomsky district in 1940. In 1944 Vokhomsky and Pavinsky districts were transferred to the new Kostroma region.

In 1955, the Oshtinsky, Petrinevsky, and Charozersky districts were abolished; in 1957, Andomsky; 1962 - Babushkinsky, Vashkinsky, Kaduysky, Kubeno-Ozersky, Nyuksensky, Syamzhensky, Chagodoshchensky and Chebsarsky.

In 1965, the Babushkinsky, Vashkinsky, Kaduysky, Nyuksensky, Syamzhensky, Ust-Kubinsky, Chagodoshchensky, and Sheksninsky districts were formed.

Municipal unit
Within the framework of the municipal structure of the region, within the boundaries of the administrative-territorial units of the Vologda region, a total of 224 municipalities were formed:
2 urban districts (Vologda, Cherepovets)
26 municipal districts, including
22 urban settlements,
174 rural settlements.

As of January 1, 2006, in accordance with Federal Law No. 131 “On the General Principles of Organizing Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation”, 372 municipalities were initially formed in the Vologda Oblast: 26 municipal districts, 2 urban districts, 22 urban settlements, 322 rural settlements.

The heads and deputies of municipalities are elected by direct universal suffrage of the population of the respective territories.



The first mention of the most ancient city of Belozersk dates back to 862. The remains of the ancient settlement are located 18 km southeast of the modern city of Belozersk. According to legend, the city was ruled by one of the brothers of Rurik, the founder of the dynasty of Russian tsars Rurikovich - Prince Sineus.
In the summer of 6370 ... And Rurik took power and handed out cities to his husband, ovom Polotesk, ovom Rostov, another Beloozero. And in those cities, the essence is the find of the Varangians, and the feathers of the inhabitants in Novy-gorod are Slovene, in Polotsky Krivichi, in Rostov Merya, in Bele-Ozero all, in Murom Murom.
- Monuments of literature of Ancient Rus'. XI - the beginning of the XII century. M., 1978. S. 36.

By the 12th century, the first mentions of cities such as Vologda (the first mention in historical documents dates back to 1147) and Veliky Ustyug (first mentioned in the annals under 1212 as Ustyug) date back to the 12th century. The date of foundation of the cities is unknown.

Most of the cities of the modern Vologda Oblast (including part of the lands of the former Novgorod province) were formed during the administrative reform of Catherine II (Cherepovets, Gryazovets, Nikolsk and others). Some cities appeared in the 20th century, during the years of Soviet power: Sokol, Kharovsk, Krasavino and others.

According to the 2010 population census, there are 15 cities, 9 urban-type settlements and 8006 rural settlements in the Vologda Oblast. 2131 settlements have no population. The table below shows the largest settlements of the region, cities are highlighted in bold.




The main branch of specialization is ferrous metallurgy - 62.7%, in second place is the electric power industry - 7.9%. According to the results of 2004, it accounts for 17% of rolled products produced in the country, 16% of steel, 11% of mineral fertilizers, 14.5% of rolling bearings, 7% of industrial wood, 11.4% of linen fabrics, 1 .5% of the total volume of Russian exports are products of Vologda enterprises.

The Vologda Oblast is strongly integrated into the world economy. Foreign trade turnover in 2004 amounted to 3.082 billion US dollars. Exported products worth 2.741 billion US dollars. In terms of exports per capita, the region ranks 6th among the regions of Russia and 2nd in the Northwestern Federal District. The commodity structure of regional exports is determined primarily by the products of industrial giants - enterprises of ferrous metallurgy, chemistry, mechanical engineering, woodworking: Severstal PJSC, Cherepovets Steel Rolling Plant OJSC, Cherepovets Steel Structures Plant CJSC, PhosAgro group of companies, CJSC " Vologda Bearing Plant, OJSC Sokol Woodworking Plant.

The coefficient of per capita production for rolled ferrous metals is 20, for the production of synthetic ammonia - 8.3, for the export of timber - 7.6.

Economic growth in the region was previously achieved mainly due to ferrous metallurgy. This attachment made the economy of the region, its social sphere directly dependent on the financial and economic situation of the enterprises of the Severstal Group holding located in the region. Nevertheless, the region exports significant volumes of food products: milk, poultry, meat, the famous Vologda butter from the Vologda Dairy Plant. In 2008, industrial production in the region fell by 47%. The fall in the index of industrial production, according to the State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation, in the 1st quarter of 2009 amounted to 57% (1st place in the Russian Federation in terms of fall), mainly due to a sharp decline in demand on world markets for goods produced in the region, primarily metal.

The largest enterprises in the region in terms of revenue for 2015 were Severstal PJSC, PhosAgro-Cherepovets JSC, Gazprom Mezhregiongaz Vologda LLC, Vologda Optical and Mechanical Plant JSC and Vologda Lesopromyshlenniki Group CJSC.

Some traditional art crafts have survived to this day: Vologda lace, the largest lace-making center in Russia - the Vologda enterprise "Snezhinka"; the unique crafts of Veliky Ustyug are Shemogoda carved birch bark and blackening on silver.



As of mid-2021, 21 power plants with a total capacity of 1,432.3 MW were in operation in the Vologda Oblast, including three hydroelectric power plants and 18 thermal power plants. In 2020, they produced 10,212 million kWh of electricity. The largest power plant in the region is Cherepovetskaya GRES with a capacity of 450 MW.



The rural population, as of January 1, 2021, is 313,822 people - 27% of the total population of the Vologda Oblast.

The leading branch of agriculture is dairy farming, which accounts for 75% of all agricultural products. The production and industrial potential of the agro-industrial complex makes it possible to meet the needs of the population in meat, milk, eggs, and potatoes.

In 2020, the share of animal husbandry is 25,442 billion rubles, crop production - by 8,242 billion rubles in the total agricultural output of 33,685 billion rubles.

At the end of 2020, the number of cattle is 160.7 thousand heads (+1.1%), of which 76.8 thousand heads are cows (+0.6%), pigs are 53.8 thousand heads (-0, 3%), sheep and goats - 11.1 thousand heads (-5.9%), poultry - 3709 thousand heads (+1.7%).

Livestock production in farms of all categories of the Vologda Oblast for 2020: meat (in live weight) - 51.5 thousand tons (+9.8%), milk - 586.3 thousand tons (+4.6%)[28] , eggs - 617.6 million pieces (-0.9%).

In 2020, in agricultural organizations, the average milk yield per feed cow is 7969 kg (+389 kg, or 5.1% compared to 2019), which is 18% higher than the average for Russia. In 2020, milk production in farms of all categories amounted to 586.3 thousand tons (+4.6% compared to 2019), which was the highest figure in 27 years. The trend of annual production growth by 5-6% continues.



The length of communications in the Vologda Oblast at the end of 2007[34]: highways - 15,595 km, including federal significance - 641 km, inland waterways - 2116 km, railway lines - 1889 km.

Federal highway - M8 "Kholmogory" (Moscow - Yaroslavl - Vologda - Arkhangelsk)
Federal road - A114 (Vologda - Novaya Ladoga - highway M18)
Federal road - A119 (Vologda - Medvezhyegorsk)
Sukhonsky tract (Totma - Nyuksenitsa - Veliky Ustyug)
P6 (Cherepovets - Belozersk - Lipin Bor)
R7 (Chekshino - Totma - Nikolsk)
P157 (Uren - Sharya - Kotlas) - the route directly passes through the territory of the Vologda region, connecting Nikolsk, Kichmengsky Gorodok and Veliky Ustyug.

The Vologda junction (Vologda I, Vologda II and Losta-Sortirovochnaya stations) is the largest railway junction of the Northern Railway, and the Vologda II-Losta-Sortirovochnaya section is the busiest on the entire Russian railway network (in terms of the number of train pairs in both directions per day and tonnage of transported goods). Directions: southern (Yaroslavl - Moscow), western (Volkhovstroy - St. Petersburg), northern (Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, Severodvinsk, Kotlas, Syktyvkar, Vorkuta, Sosnogorsk), eastern (Kirov - Perm - Astana).

Direct, transit trains and trailer cars as part of passing trains connect Vologda with such cities as: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yaroslavl, Yekaterinburg, Perm, Tyumen, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Vorkuta, Syktyvkar, Simferopol, Kharkov, Zaporozhye, Belgorod, Kursk, Oryol, Stavropol, Mineralnye Vody, Barnaul, Astana, Karaganda, Alma-Ata, Minsk.

International airport in Cherepovets (flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Petrozavodsk, Helsinki)
Domestic airport in Vologda, Dorozhny settlement (flights to Moscow and St. Petersburg)

The port in Cherepovets is one of the largest on the Volga-Baltic waterway. At the mooring wall with a length of more than 900 meters, river and mixed, “river-sea”, navigation vessels can be handled. The port has a self-propelled and non-self-propelled cargo fleet with a total tonnage of more than 61 thousand tons, towing ships, floating mechanization and portal cranes with a lifting capacity of 5 to 40 tons, a passenger fleet, open and closed storage areas.

In addition to the Volga-Balt, in the central and western parts of the region, the Sukhona River, a tributary of the Northern Dvina, is of great importance. Both arteries are connected by the North Dvina water system.



Fixed telephone connection. Operators: Vologda Branch of Public Joint Stock Company Rostelecom and MegaFon.
Mobile communications: several all-Russian operators operate in the region: MegaFon, MTS, Beeline, Tele2, Yota, Rostelecom. Cellular communication services are provided on the territory of almost all districts, but the coverage of the territory is uneven - mainly the industrialized south, as well as the center and west of the region; in the eastern regions, mobile communications in key settlements. The total number of subscribers is more than 600 thousand people.
Postal service: Administration of the Federal Postal Service of the Vologda Oblast.



As of July 2016, there are 5 universities and 6 branches in the Vologda Oblast.

Since April 1, 2010, the Vologda Oblast has been participating in an experiment in teaching the course "Fundamentals of the Spiritual and Moral Culture of the Peoples of Russia" (includes "Fundamentals of Orthodox Culture", "Fundamentals of Islamic Culture", "Fundamentals of Buddhist Culture", "Fundamentals of Jewish Culture", " Fundamentals of World Religious Cultures, and Fundamentals of Secular Ethics).


Mass media

Main article: Media of the Vologda Oblast
The oldest regional newspaper is Krasny Sever (since 1917). Other regional newspapers: Premier, Khronometr, weekly Moskovsky Komsomolets in Vologda. in Cherepovets.
Regional television is represented by TV channels: CHANNEL 7 (Vologda), Russia-Vologda, Russian North TV Channel, Channel 12 (Cherepovets), Province TV Company (Cherepovets, Veliky Ustyug).
Regional radio is represented by: Radio of Russia - Vologda, Premier, Transmit, Rosradio, Vologda Radio, Sheksna-Record, Retro, Mayak, Avtoradio, Road radio”, “Russian Radio”, “Europe Plus”, “DFM”, “Echo of Moscow”, “Our Radio”.
News agencies: IA Vologda Region, Vologda Oblast News, Sever-Inform, IMA Cherepovets, IA SeverInfo (formed as a result of rebranding of IA Sever-Inform), Media Center (Cherepovets).


Culture, tourism

A number of cities and towns of the region: Belozersk, Veliky Ustyug, Vologda, Ustyuzhna, Totma and others, have the status of historical and are open-air museums. Since 1998, Veliky Ustyug has been considered the birthplace of the Russian Father Frost.

Leading museums: Vologda State Historical, Architectural and Art Museum-Reserve, Kirillo-Belozersky, Veliko-Ustyugsky; Totma and Cherepovets museum associations. The Architectural and Ethnographic Museum of the Vologda Region is located near Vologda.

A number of old Russian noble estates have been preserved in the Vologda Oblast, including the Bryanchaninov estate near Vologda, the Batyushkov and Kuprin estate near Ustyuzhna, the estate of Igor Severyanin on the Suda River, the Galsky estate, and the Kachalov estate "Khvalevskoye" in Borisovo-Sudskoye.

Of particular interest are the monuments of religious architecture, including the ensembles of Spaso-Prilutsky, Kirillo-Belozersky and other monasteries. The most famous Ferapontov Monastery, thanks to the fresco ensemble, made in 1502 by the ancient Russian artist Dionysius, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The Vologda region is famous for the abundance of preserved monuments of wooden architecture. However, due to various reasons, the number and preservation of wooden architecture objects is steadily declining. So, in 1963, the Church of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos near Vytegra, the immediate predecessor of the famous Transfiguration Church in the Kizhi churchyard, burned down. It may also be interesting to visit the princely Gridnitsa in the city of Belozersk. Hunting and fishing tourism is well established in the region, a good base for the development of the so-called. rural tourism.

The Vologda Territory, as part of the Russian North, has managed to preserve a significant number of monuments of the ethnic heritage of the Russian people (songs, legends, epics, chronicles). In the XIX-XX centuries, the best examples of folklore, church and secular literature were “discovered” here. In everyday life and cultural life of the modern population of villages and villages of the Vologda Oblast, the traditions and crafts of the peasant way of life continue today (see the article about the village of Logduz).

The area is interesting for its natural monuments. So, 70 km from Veliky Ustyug, opposite the village of Porog, there is a famous geological fault - Opoki: high, 60-meter banks on a steep bend of the Sukhona River expose the rocks of the Upper Permian.

There are five theaters in the region: the Vologda State Drama Theatre, the Vologda Regional Puppet Theater "Teremok", the Vologda Regional Theater for Young Spectators, the Cherepovets Chamber Theater, the Cherepovets Children's Musical Theatre.



The region is known for its athletes, who have earned fame for Russian sports at international competitions.

Albina Akhatova (born November 13, 1976 in Nikolsk) is a Russian biathlete. Honored Master of Sports.

In relay races, Albina Akhatova won a silver medal at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, a bronze medal at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, and gold at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin. At the same time, Albina Akhatova became a bronze medalist in the individual 15 km race, after Olga Pyleva's medal was withdrawn due to doping. She won the second bronze medal in the 10 km pursuit.

Anna Bogaliy-Titovets (born June 12, 1979 in the village of Vozhega) is a Russian biathlete. Honored Master of Sports, International Master of Sports. Two-time Olympic champion.

Sergei Fokichev (born December 24, 1962) is a Soviet speed skater, Honored Master of Sports (1984). Olympic champion in 1984 at a distance of 500 m, two-time champion of the USSR at the same distance (1985, 1987).

Gulyaev, Nikolai Alekseevich (born January 1, 1966 in Vologda) is a famous Soviet and Russian speed skater. Olympic champion in 1988 in the 1000m, world and European champion in 1987 in the classic all-around, two-time national champion (1987, 1992). Nikolai Gulyaev became the last Soviet speed skater - the world champion in the classic all-around. Honored Master of Sports of the USSR (1987).

Spitsov Denis Sergeevich (born August 16, 1996 in Vozheg) is a Russian skier, three-time winner of the 2018 Olympic Games, Honored Master of Sports of Russia. At the Winter Olympics in Korea, in the skiathlon at the start, Denis found himself in a blockage along with the Norwegian athlete Kruger (as it turned out later, the Olympic champion at this distance). But, having managed to catch up with the leading group, during the second segment he was among the leaders and only at the finish line he let three Norwegians go ahead, taking fourth place and becoming the first among young skiers under the age of 23 years. In the 15 km time trial, Spitsov showed third time and won his first Olympic medal.