Valday or Valdai is a city (since 1770) in Russia, the
administrative center of the Valday urban settlement and the Valday
district of the Novgorod region. Population - 14,379 people. (2017).
Valday is an old (first mentioned in 1495), although not very
remarkable city, is the center of one of the main resort areas of
North-West Russia. The location of Valday on the post road between
Moscow and St. Petersburg contributed to the prosperity of the city
and the development of bell-casting. Valday is the starting point
for visiting the Valdaisky National
Travel Destinations in Valday
Valdai Iversky Monastery of the Holy Monastery, Selvitsky Island.
Open from 7 to 21. Located on Selvitsky Island in the middle of
Valdai Lake, 10 km from the center of Valdai. The monastery was
founded in the middle of the 17th century by Patriarch Nikon,
several original buildings remained: the Assumption Cathedral
(1655–1656, one of the largest buildings of the 17th century in
Russia), the Church of James Borovichsky (1702), the later Epiphany
Cathedral and the Church of St. Michael the Archangel. The monastery
is perfectly visible from the city and due to the location features
it seems a bit submerged in water. The monastery can be reached by
car (on the M10 Valdai — Vyshniy Volochek, exit from the highway in
the direction of Borovichi). Church of Catherine, st. Truda, 2A.
Open from 10 to 18, weekends - Tuesday and the last Monday of the
month. The magnificent rotunda, designed by N. A. Lvov at the end of
the XVIII century. Now in the church is a museum of bells.
Trinity Cathedral, pl. Freedom. Rough baroque building, built in
1744. Church of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin in the
Church of the Lord, pl. Svobody. Another Baroque monument; in the
worst condition and without domes. Roadside chapel of James
Borovichsky, Komsomolsky Avenue. Chapel in the name of James
Borovichsky. Built in 1826 in memory of Emperor Alexander I.
Peter and Paul Church, city cemetery, st. Lunacharsky. The red brick
church was built in 1858 through the efforts of the local merchant
Vasily Kolobov. During World War II, the church was closed, its
building was first used as a dyeing shop, and then the military
telegraph was located here. The iconostasis and church values were
lost during a fire in 1943. The church was revived by father Nikolay
Listov, now his grave is located near the church. The iconostasis
for the reviving temple was brought from the destroyed church of the
village of Lamerie, Krestetsky district.
Museums Museum of
bells, st. Truda, 2A. Open: from 10 to 18, weekends - Tuesday and
last Monday of the month. The only museum of bells in Russia, one of
the main attractions of the city. You can ring some of the bells on
display. County Museum, st. Lunacharsky, 7. Open 10-18, closed -
History of Valday
Valday was first mentioned in a chronicle in 1495. At the time,
it was a part of Derevskaya Pyatina of the Novgorod Republic. The
growth of Valday was facilitated by construction of a road
connecting Novgorod to Central Russia and by the foundation of the
Valday Iversky Monastery in 1653, which became a major cultural
center. The famous monastery, built under the auspices of Patriarch
Nikon in the 1650s, is located on one of the islands of Lake
In the course of the administrative reform
carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the territory was included
into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as St. Petersburg
Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off.
In 1770, Valday was chartered and became the seat of Valdaysky Uyezd
of Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was transformed
into Novgorod Governorate. Located along the road connecting Moscow
and St. Petersburg, Valday developed as a major trade center. The
town became the leading center of bell manufacturing in Russia. It
also became a major pilgrim destination.
In August 1927, the
uyezds were abolished and, effective October 1, 1927, Valdaysky
District was established, with the administrative center in Valday.
Novgorod Governorate was abolished as well and the district became a
part of Borovichi Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the
okrugs were abolished and the districts were directly subordinated
to the oblast. Valday was close to the eastern front line for Russia
during World War II, but was never occupied by German troops. On
July 5, 1944, Valdaysky District was transferred to newly
established Novgorod Oblast and remained there ever since.
How to get there Railway communication The railway station
of the October railway on the line: Bologoye - Valdai - Staraya
Russa - Bottom Long-distance trains: Moscow - Pskov, Suburban
trains from Bologoe station, Staraya Russa.
Valdai - Sacraments - Veliky Novgorod - St. Petersburg Valday -
Borovichi Valday - Vyshniy Volochek - Torzhok - Tver
Transport Intracity transportation is performed by a municipal
road transport company and several taxi companies.