Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia

Novosibirsk region is a subject of the Russian Federation. It is part of the Siberian Federal District. The administrative center is the city of Novosibirsk.






Other sights

1  Novosibirsk reservoir (Ob Sea).
2  Karakansky forest.
3  Lake Chany.
4  Lake Karachi.
5  Nature reserve “Kirzinsky”.
6  Bugotaksky hills.
7  Berd rocks. Picturesque rocky outcrops on the Berd River, which are part of the Salair Ridge, are a completely atypical landscape for the Novosibirsk region, rather typical of the Altai foothills. There are several rocky areas on the river, but the most famous and visited place by tourists is the Zveroboy rock, from the top of which there is a wonderful view of the winding Berd. The surrounding area is covered with mixed forest with clean air, and in the spring you can see the flowering of many different plants. There are many wild birds and animals. You can get there by car from Novosibirsk as follows: take the P256 highway south to Linevo, where you turn left to the east. You can turn before reaching Linevo (the first left turn after Evsino) - this way you will find yourself on a much lower-quality technological road, where you can see how anthracite is transported from the Urgunsky and Gorlovsky coal mines. Further through Guselnikovo, Legostaevo and Malinovka you should drive to the village of Novososedovo. In Novososedovo you need to cross the Ik River, which can be a problem in the spring - the river overflows and floods the road bridge (which is simply several large pipes along the river flow, covered with crushed stone on top). However, the path can be continued on foot across the pedestrian bridge, from which it remains about 3 kilometers to St. John’s Wort. Having almost passed the village, there will be a right turn onto a dirt road, where there will be a wooden arch “St. John’s Wort Ecological Trail”. It should be noted that the rocks are located in the Legostaevsky reserve, where there are restrictions on the passage of vehicles, making fires, organizing overnight stays, fishing, etc. Compliance with them is sometimes monitored, but information about the restrictions and boundaries of the reserve is not provided.
8  Chingis village.
9  Belovsky waterfall.
10  Barsukovskaya cave.
11  Holy spring at Lozhok station (Iskitim).
12  Iskitim marble quarry.
13  Zavolokinskaya village (Novy Sharap village, near the bridge over the Sharap river). Every two years in the summer, 100 km from Novosibirsk along the Ordynskaya highway, the music festival “Play, Harmony!” is held. named after Gennady Zavolokin, harmonica player and founder of the famous TV show, who died in this place in a car accident in 2001. Here in 2005 a chapel “In the name of St. Gennady of Athos” was erected, and there is also a museum and a monument to Gennady Zavolokin.



Only Russian. A traveler who doesn’t know even a little Russian will have a hard time finding someone who can speak English (especially outside Novosibirsk).


How to get here

By plane
Novosibirsk is a large and important air transport hub, where the Novosibirsk International Airport (IATA:OVB) Tolmachevo is located.

By train
The main railway line passing through the region is the Trans-Siberian Railway (Transsib). There are two stations: Barabinsk and Novosibirsk. You can get to Novosibirsk from Moscow from Yaroslavsky or Kazansky railway stations by trains traveling along the Trans-Siberian Railway, or by branded train No. 026N Moscow-Novosibirsk “Sibiryak” departing every other day. Travel time is less than two days, the distance is about 3,300 kilometers.
The second main highway is the Altai Railway, running from Novosibirsk to the south, towards Barnaul and further to Kazakhstan.

By car
Three federal highways pass through the region - “Baikal”: M51 and M53, “Chuysky Tract” M52. Entry into the region is possible along the M51 highway from Omsk, and along the M53 highway from Tomsk and Kemerovo. The Chuisky tract connects the Novosibirsk region with Altai, and then with Mongolia.



Maslyakha village. A village of fishermen on the border of the Novosibirsk region and the Altai region. The entire route passing through the village is lined with shopping centers where they sell fish caught in the Ob Reservoir - smoked, fresh, frozen. An excellent place to try and take with you on the road pike perch, burbot, pike, bream, or some other type of fish. In addition, the village is located in a very picturesque place on the route - a pine forest, steppe and the reservoir itself with many islands connect here.


Physiographic characteristics


The Novosibirsk region is located in the center and east of the southern part of the West Siberian Plain and belongs to the Siberian Federal District. The area of the region is 177.76 thousand km². The length of the region from west to east is 642 km, from north to south – 444 km.

In the north it borders with the Tomsk region, in the southwest - with Kazakhstan, in the west - with the Omsk region, in the south - with the Altai Territory, in the east - with the Kemerovo region.



The main rivers of the region are the Ob and Om. The dam of the Novosibirsk hydroelectric power station formed the Novosibirsk reservoir (the so-called “Ob Sea”). Also in the region there are about 3 thousand freshwater, salt and bitter-salt lakes (Chany, Ubinskoye, Sartlan, etc.). The north and north-west of the region is occupied by the southern part of the world's largest Vasyugan swamp. Swamp soils account for 22.5% of the region's area, ~40 thousand km².



The climate is continental, the average January temperature ranges from −16 in the south to −20 °C in the northern regions. The average temperature in July is +16…+20 °C. The average annual air temperature is 0.2 °C. The absolute maximum is +45.1 °C, the minimum is −52 °C.

Frosts on the soil begin at the end of September and end at the end of May. The duration of the cold period is 178, the warm period is 188, and the frost-free period is 120 days.

Annual precipitation is ≈ 425 mm, of which 20% falls in May-June, in particular, from April to October (on average) 330 mm of precipitation falls, and from November to March - 95 mm.

There are 86 cloudless days a year, 67 with continuous clouds.



The region is located in the steppe, forest-steppe and taiga zones.

The forest fund is 6.49 million hectares, 4.67 million hectares and 46.7 thousand km² are covered with forest, or more than 1/5 of the region’s territory. The highest percentage of forest cover is in the southern taiga subzone (35%), where conifers (fir, spruce, pine, cedar) dominate with an admixture of birch, aspen and rarely larch. Both the Salair region (34%) and the region of the Ob pine forests (24%) are characterized by increased forest cover. In the Barabinskaya Lowland (11% forest cover) birch-aspen “splitting trees” predominate. Meadows and pastures are mainly in the Barabinskaya lowland and along the valleys of large rivers.


Animal world

The fauna of the region is diverse. In the north, forest areas are inhabited by: bear, reindeer, elk, lynx, roe deer, wolverine, otter, and river beaver. The basis of the fur trade is squirrel, weasel, and ermine. Birds include capercaillie and hazel grouse. The forest-steppe zone is inhabited by: wolf, corsac fox, ermine, weasel, jerboa, white hare, brown hare; in the Baraby lakes - muskrat, water vole.



The Novosibirsk region is located in the MSC+4 time zone. The applied time offset relative to UTC is +7:00.

With the introduction of standard time in Russia (1919), the territory of the future Novosibirsk region was divided between the 5th and 6th time zones, the border running along the Ob River. Only in 1956 was the decision “On the establishment of new boundaries of time zones on the territory of the USSR” made, which tied the boundaries of time zones to the boundaries of regions and territories. Since March 1, 1957, the territory of the Novosibirsk region was completely assigned to the 6th time zone, with a difference of +4 hours from Moscow time. On May 23, 1993, the region moved to the fifth time zone (MSK+3). And on July 24, 2016, the Novosibirsk region returned to the UTC+7 time zone.


Socio-economic indicators

In 2016, the industrial production index amounted to 100.8% compared to the corresponding level of the previous year, including in mining - 112.3%, in manufacturing - 100.1%, in the production and distribution of electricity, gas and water - 100 ,1 %.

The average monthly nominal accrued wages of employees of enterprises and organizations in January-September 2020 amounted to 29,564 rubles. (In January-December 2016 - 29,133 rubles.)

The cost of living for the fourth quarter of 2020 per capita was 11,845 rubles.

At the end of 2016, 2.210 million square meters of housing, or 36,901 apartments, were commissioned in the region. The Novosibirsk region in the Siberian Federal District remains the undisputed leader in terms of the volume of completed housing.

The volume of housing commissioned in the Novosibirsk region in 2020 is 1,944,449 sq. m. m., of which apartment buildings (MCD) - 1,432,830 sq. m. and individual houses (IZHS) - 511,619 sq. m.

Retail trade turnover in the Novosibirsk region in 2019 amounted to 535.1 billion rubles, with a physical volume index in comparable prices by 2018 of 102.7% (the average for the Siberian Federal District is 102.9%). In the first half of 2020, retail trade turnover amounted to 257.6 billion rubles with a physical volume index of 98.4% compared to the corresponding period in 2019. In 2016, retail trade turnover in the Novosibirsk region amounted to 449.4 billion rubles (95.2% of the corresponding period in 2016) or 163.6 thousand rubles per resident of the region. Among the regions of the Siberian Federal District in retail trade, the region ranks second after the Krasnoyarsk Territory (RUB 497.3 billion).

The trend of the birth rate exceeding the death rate, registered since 2012 in the regional registry office, continued in the region in 2016. Over the past year, in the Novosibirsk region, 2,447 more birth certificates were registered than death certificates.

At the end of 2019, the volume of shipped goods of own production, work and services performed in the main types of economic activities in industry amounted to 679.8 billion rubles, the index of industrial production in the Novosibirsk region for main types of activities amounted to 103.6% of the 2018 level.

In 2019, the volume of shipped products in mining operations amounted to 65.0 billion rubles, the industrial production index amounted to 106.3% compared to 2018; in manufacturing, the volume of shipped products amounted to 531.7 billion rubles, the industrial production index was 103.5% compared to 2018.

By type of economic activity: “providing electricity, gas and steam; air conditioning”, the volume of shipped products amounted to 67.8 billion rubles, “water supply; water disposal, organization of waste collection and disposal, pollution elimination activities" - 15.4 billion rubles. Industrial production index - 102.5% and 95.1%, respectively.

In 2021, the budget was fulfilled - revenues +237.73 billion rubles, expenses -222.28 billion rubles, the annual surplus amounted to +~15.5 billion rubles

At the end of June 2022 rules. The region adopted a national policy strategy until 2035.