Blagovestchensk - a city in Russia. It is the
administrative center of the Amur region and the Blagoveshchensky
district, that forms the "City District of the city of
Blagoveshchensk." With the population of 225,091 (2018), it is the
fifth largest city in the Far East. Located on the left bank of the
Amur and on the right bank of the Zeya (at the mouth); the only
administrative center of the region of Russia, located on the state
border, the Chinese city of Heihe stands on the right bank of the
Amur, a distance of 526 meters.
Blagoveshchensk - the final
railway station on the line, departing from the station Belogorsk on
Transsib. Ignatievo International Airport. Scientific and
educational center. It was founded in 1856 as the Ust-Zeya military
post; since 1858 - the city of Blagoveshchensk (from the Church of
the Annunciation). Preserved fragments of wooden architecture from
the late XIX century.
History of Blagoveshchensk
Early history of the region The early residents of both sides
of the Amur in the region of today's Blagoveshchensk were the Daurs
and Duchers. An early settlement in the area of today's
Blagoveshchensk was the Ducher town whose name was reported by the
Russian explorer Yerofey Khabarov as Aytyun in 1652; it has been
identified with what is currently known to the archaeologists as the
Grodekovo site, after the nearby village of Grodekovo (which is
located on the left bank of the Amur, some 25–30 km (16–19 mi) south
of Blagoveshchensk). The Grodekovo site is thought by archaeologists
to have been populated since ca. 1000 CE.
As the Russians
tried to assert their control over the region, the Ducher town was
probably vacated when the Duchers were evacuated by the Qing to the
Sungari or Hurka in the mid-1650s. Since 1673, the Chinese
re-used the site for their fort ("Old Aigun", in modern literature),
which served in 1683-1685 as a base for the Manchus' campaign
against the Russian fort of Albazin further north.
capture of Albazin in 1685 or 1686, the Chinese relocated their
town, to a new site on the right (southwestern, i.e. presently
Chinese) bank of the Amur, about 3 miles (4.8 km) downstream from
the original site; it later became known as Aigun.
of conflicts between Russians and China ended with Russia's
recognition of the Chinese sovereignty over both sides of the Amur
by the Nerchinsk Treaty of 1689.
The Russian settlement As
the balance of power in the region has changed by the mid-19th
century, the Russian Empire was able to take over the left
(generally northern, but around Blagoveshchensk, eastern) shore of
the Amur from China. Since the 1858 Aigun Treaty and the 1860 Treaty
of Peking, the river has remained the border between the countries,
although the Qing subjects were allowed to continue to live in the
so-called Sixty-Four Villages east of the Amur and the Zeya (i.e.,
within today's Blagoveshchensk's eastern suburbs).
Russian settlers had lived in the area as early as 1644 as
"Hailanpao" (海蘭泡/海兰泡, the Chinese name for the city),[citation
needed] the present-day city began in 1856 as the military outpost
of Ust-Zeysky; its name means settlement at the mouth of the Zeya
River in Russian. Tsar Alexander II gave approval for the founding
of the city in 1858, to be named Blagoveshchensk, literally means
"the city of good news", after the parish Church of the Annunciation
and declared to be seat of government for the Amur region.
According to Blagoveshchensk authorities, by 1877 the city had some
8,000 residents, with merely 15 foreigners (presumably, Chinese)
The city was an important river port and trade
center during the late 19th century, with growth further fueled by a
gold rush early in the 20th century and by its position on the
Chinese border, just hundreds of meters across from the city of
Local historian note the preeminence of
Blagoveshchensk in the economy of the late 19th century Russian Far
East, which was reflected by a "small detail": When the heir to
Russian throne, Nicholas Alexandrovich (future Tsar Nicholas II)
visited in 1891 during his grand tour of Asia, the locals presented
him with bread and salt on a gold tray, rather than on a silver one,
as it was done in other cities of the region.