Ermak Travel Guide

 

Perm

Perm

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Hotels, motels and where to sleep

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Interesting information and useful tips

 

Description of Perm

Perm is a city in the east of the European part of Russia, in the Urals, on the banks of the Kama River, lower than the confluence of the Chusovaya River, the administrative center of the Perm Territory and the Perm District, a transport hub on the Trans-Siberian Railway, a river port, has the status of a city of regional importance and a city district. Large diversified industrial, scientific, cultural and logistic center of the Urals. Population - 1 051 583 people. (2018). The city was founded in 1723 and in 1940-1957 it was called Molotov. In 1916, the first university in the Urals was opened in Perm.

 

 

 

Etymology
The name Perm is of Uralic etymology, likely of Finno-Ugric origin (Komi-Permyak: Перем, Perem; Komi: Перым, Perym). Komi is a member of the Permic group of Finno-Ugric languages, which is also named for Perm. In Finnish and Vepsian perämaa means "far-away land"; similarly, in Hungarian perem means "edge" or "verge". The geologic period of the Permian (Paleozoic era) takes its name from the toponym.

 

 

History of Perm

Perm is located in the old Perman area, which was originally inhabited by Finno-Ugric peoples. Perm was first mentioned as the village of Yagoshikha (Ягошиха) in 1647; however, the history of the modern city of Perm starts with the development of the Ural region by Tsar Peter the Great. Vasily Tatishchev, appointed by the Tsar as a chief manager of Ural factories, founded Perm together with another major center of the Ural region, Yekaterinburg.

In the 19th century, Perm became a major trade and industrial center with a population of more than 20,000 people in the 1860s, with several metallurgy, paper, and steamboat producing factories, including one owned by a British entrepreneur. In 1870, an opera theater was opened in the city, and in 1871 the first phosphoric factory in Russia was built. In 1916, Perm State University—a major educational institution in modern Russia—was opened.

After the outbreak of the Russian Civil War, Perm became a prime target for both sides because of its military munitions factories. On December 25, 1918, the Siberian White Army under Anatoly Pepelyayev (who acknowledged the authority of the Omsk Government of Aleksandr Kolchak), took Perm. On July 1, 1919, the city was retaken by the Red Army.

 

 

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips