Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Pula

Pula

 

 

Location: Pula, Istra peninsula

 

 

 

Description of Pula

Pula or Pola (in Slovenian, Pulj) is the largest city on the Istrian peninsula at the southern tip, northwest of Croatia. Its population amounts to 59,080 inhabitants (2005), who are mostly Croats, constituting 71.65% of the population (2001 census). Due to its situation, it was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Italy. Like the rest of the area, it is known for its moderate climate, calm sea and unspoiled nature. The city has a long tradition in tourism, wine production, fishing derivatives and shipbuilding, Pula-Pola has also been the administrative center of Istria since Ancient Rome. Pula located on the very south tip of Istra peninsula contains some of the best preserved Roman structures harmoniously included in the narrow streets.

 

Travel Destinations in Pula

Amphitheatre (Pula)

Castle and Historical Museum of Istria (Pula)

 

 

Temple of Augustus (Pula)

Temple of Augustus was built in Pula in the 1st century AD. It was dedicated to Roman Emperor Octavian Augustus who was honored as god during his own lifetime. All loyal subjects were supposed to worship official gods of the Roman Empire and "god" Augustus was no exception to this rule. Its simple and elegant design combined with great durability makes Temple of Augustus one of the most important buildings in Pula. During rule of the Venetian Republic former pagan temple was turned into a Christian Church. In the mid- nineteenth century it was turned into a grain storage and today it is turned into a museum of ancient Roman art. Temple of Augustus contain fragments of several Roman sculptures including a statue of Emperor Augustus himself that stands in the middle of the sanctuary.

Pula Town Hall

Arch of the Sergii (Pula)

Monastery and Church of Saint Francis (Pula)

Archaeological Museum of Istria (Pula)

 

 

Kandlerov Street (Pula)

Kandlerov Street or Kandlerova Street is a popular tourist destination that runs through the center of the historic Pula. It begins at the Forum and ends with a beautiful park, which is dedicated to King Peter Krashemira. This quiet street goes through Triumphal Arch, Arena, Hercules Gate and many more buildings. You can start at the ancient Roman amphitheater and take a short walk through the historic part of Pula. Most of main sights in the city are lovated in its close vicinity. Although it can be quiet busy at the evenings due to large number of local residents and international tourists who love this area. Additionally there are a lot of restaurants and cafes along its length.

 

 



Gate of Hercules (Pula) Herkulova vrata

Twin Gate aka Double Gate aka Porta Gemini (Dvojna vrata) (Pula)

Pula Cathedral (Pula Katedrala)

Small Roman Theater


 

 



Church and Monastery of Saint Anthony of Padua (Pula)

Church of Our Lady of Mercy (Pula)

 

 

Museum of Contemporary Art of Istria (Pula)

Ulica Svetog Ivana 3

Tel. +385 052 423 205

Museum of Contemporary Art of Istria was founded in 2008. It hold a collection of contemporary art that spans the whole post WWII period. It is located in the former printing office in the Pula Harbour. Museum exposition is divided into four parts including international art, Croatian art, design and multimedia art (movies, video, photo) from the early 20th century till our days. Despite its recent history Museum of Contemporary Art of Istria already has a large collection that continues to grow. Additionally museum holds interesting activities including exhibitions from other museum, presentations, educational programs and others.

 

History of Pula

Conquered by Romans in 177 BC, Pula became a Roman colony under the name Colonia Pietas Iulia Pola. Under Emperor Augustus, the amphitheater was built, which is now one of the city's main attractions. In addition to the amphitheater, the Augustinian era houses the Temple of Roma and Augustus, the partially preserved city walls with gates and the remains of two theaters. In the 4th century AD, a naval base of the Venetian fleet (classis Venetum) was established there to protect the Adriatic coastal waters.

 

The collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century Pula came under the rule of the Ostrogoths. Emperor Justinian was able to conquer Pula in the 6th century for the Eastern Roman Empire; the city was expanded to the naval base of the Byzantines. In the second half of the 6th century, the Slavs invaded Istria. The Istrian coastal towns, including Pula, but they could not take. Here the urban culture of the old-fashioned novels continued without interruption. While the Istrian hinterland was part of the Frankish Empire and later of the Holy Roman Empire since the end of the eighth century, Pula remained nominally part of the Byzantine Empire, but was virtually independent.

 

 

Venetian rule

With the decline of Byzantine power, Pula had to seek new allies. The Byzantine Emperor has been replaced by the Republic of Venice since the end of the 11th century. In 1150, Pula concluded a treaty with the lagoon city, through which the city submitted to the rule of the Venetians. Since then, people paid tribute, participated in the construction and equipping of galleys for the Venetian fleet, and dispatched troops when the Republic of St. Mark was at war. By contrast, the Counts of Gorizia exercised considerable influence in the 13th century, and they appointed Vicarius in Istria. The family of Sergi succeeded in gaining the support of the Patriarch of Aquileia in addition to the Görzern and to build so from about 1294 an almost independent rule, which lasted until 1319. In 1331, the city council offered to subjugate Venice. In 1335, to prevent the Sergi from returning, the inhabitants destroyed the castle and the tower over the city. Later, a Venetian nobleman was placed at the head of the city administration. Until the end of the Republic of Venice in 1797 Pula remained part of this state, then it became part of the Habsburg empire, since 1804 called the Empire of Austria.

 

 

 

 

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