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Alushta (Алушта)

 

 

 

Location: Crimean Peninsula

 

 

 

 

Transportation

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

Description of Alushta

Alushta is one of the pretties resort town in Crimean Peninsula in Russia. It is spread on the shores of the Black Sea and surrounded by picturesque mountains and ancient ruins. The climate is subtropical Mediterranean type (see. South Coast of Crimea). It is very similar in temperature to the climate of Yalta from April to September, but a little colder (on average by 0.5 ° C) from October to March. Alushta resort has 2 passes (Kebit Bogaz and Angarsk Pass), due to which air masses constantly move from the plains of the peninsula to the sea and back. In this regard, the climate is characterized by hot summers and mild winters, as well as comparative dryness, most of the precipitation falls from November to March. The average humidity is 72%.

The average temperature of the coldest month - January is +4.1 ° C, and the warmest month - August is +26.2 ° C. The total duration of sunshine is 2321 hours per year. The water temperature does not drop below +8 ° C even in the coldest period. The swimming season is from May to October. During these months, the water temperature is not lower than +17 ° C. The warmest sea is from July to September - when the water temperature reaches + 22 ... + 27 ° C. In summer, storms are rare and short-lived.

 

Travel Destinations in Alushta

Villa Otrada (Dacha Staheeva) Вилла "Отрада" (Дача Стахеева)

Marble Cave (Alushta)

Marble Cave was opened to the public in 1987. It is a natural maze of underground tunnels in the limestone rocks of marble type, hence the name of it. Entrance to the Marble Cave is located at an elevation of 918 meters above sea level near a town of Alushta.

 

Marble Cave stands out among other Crimean caves. It is the largest cave by area, length and volume of the interior space. Currently 2 km of tunnels have been adequatly explored. Although the total length of this Alushta cave was never properly explored. Don't try to do exploring on your own. You can easily loose yourself. Stay on the well marked trails. You can see plenty of spectacular galleries and natural geological formations. Every year about one hundred thousand tourists come here on a tour.

 

 

 

 

 

History

Alushta, according to one version, comes from the Greek αλυσίδα [alusida], that is, a chain. Aluston Fortress was built by order of Emperor Justinian I in the VI century. Throughout the Middle Ages, Alusta was a significant coastal stronghold for all the states that owned the Southern coast of Crimea: the Roman (Byzantine) Empire, the Khazar Khaganate, and the Principality of Theodoro.

During the reign of the Genoese, Alushta is one of the fortified points of the captain of Gothia (the so-called part of the Genoese possessions in the Crimea, stretching west to Fori). The fortress became an apple of discord between the Genoese and the Principality of Theodoro, since along with Yalta and Gurzuf, it had a marina equipped with Byzantines. The Italians called the city of Lust. Only two towers of a medieval fortress have survived to this day.

After the Ottomans conquered the Southern coast of Crimea, Alushta was part of the Sudak Kadylyk. She lost her naval importance, becoming, like Yalta and Gurzuf, an ordinary seaside village. Nevertheless, at the climax of the heated struggle for Crimea between Russia and Turkey, it was Alushta that became the landing site of the Turkish army, which aimed to oust Russian troops from the peninsula. The Yanicharsky backbone of this landing was defeated by the operational corps of V.P. Musin-Pushkin near the village of Shuma north of Alushta. At the same time, Lieutenant Colonel M.I. Kutuzov distinguished himself, but was seriously wounded, who commanded the grenadier battalion of the Moscow Legion, who delivered the main blow.

After the annexation of Crimea to the Russian Empire and the formation of the Tauride province, Alushta became the center of the Volost of Simferopol and then Yalta counties. The southern coast of Crimea is developing the cares of the Novorossiysk and Bessarabian Governor-General Count M. S. Vorontsov. In 1833, Nicholas I the highest approves the design of a large church, the author of which was Odessa architect G.I. Toricelli. The temple in the name of all Crimean saints and Theodore Stratilates was built and consecrated in 1842.

In the late XIX - early XX centuries, Alushta began to gain popularity as a resort and in 1902 received the status of a city.

At the same time, the resort suburb of Alushta, which is now part of the city and called the Professor’s Corner, began to develop. Initially, the area was called Tyrnak or Ternak (Crimean-Tat. Tırnaq - nail), then it was called the Professor’s corner, then the Work corner (since 1920), and finally again the Professor’s corner. In 1886, after resigning, a famous Russian geologist and teacher N. A. Golovkinsky settled in his mansion in Kasteli-Primorsky. After many prominent scientists began to build their dachas nearby, the Professor’s Corner became a place where they rested, worked and lived: professors D. I. Tikhomirov, E. A. Golubev, A. I. Kirpichnikov, academician of architecture A. I. Beketov. For many years, the first Russian female doctor N.P. Suslova lived here. On her initiative, a free school for village children was opened in the Professors' Corner. Monuments were erected to N. A. Golovkinsky and N. P. Suslova in the village of Lazurnoe, at the foot of Mount Kastel. The life of the Russian writer S. N. Sergeev-Tsensky was connected with the Work Corner. Here the writer I. S. Shmelev also acquired a house.

After the loss of Perekop and Ishun positions, part of the Soviet troops retreated directly to Sevastopol, part, being cut off, retreated through Alushta and Yalta along the South Coast highway. By November 4, advanced German and Romanian units suppressed the resistance of the barriers and occupied the city. During the withdrawal from Sudak along the southern coast of the 48th OKD, together with the remnants of the 294th and 297th regiments of the 184th SD, they fought on November 4 and 5, 1941 with the enemy in the region of Alushta, they even occupied the city, but did not break through could and went to the mountains.

The German occupation caused severe damage to the city, which lasted from November 4, 1941 to April 15, 1944. More than 500 residents of Alushta died at the hands of the invaders, 231 people were hijacked to work in Germany. The city became depopulated even more after the deportation of the Crimean Tatars on May 18, 1944. In Alushta there are monuments dedicated to military events.

In the postwar years, Alushta developed as a seaside resort, many new pensions and rest houses were built. The Soviet films Captive of the Caucasus, Hearts of Three, Ships Storming the Bastions and others were shot in the vicinity.

In 1966, the title of Honorary Citizen of the City was preempted to honor citizens for special services to the city community, for outstanding achievements and high professional skills in the development of science, health, education, culture, art, sports, political, economic, charitable and other fields of activity. Alushta. Currently, 29 people have been awarded the title.

 

 


 

Transportation

 

 

Hotels, motels and where to sleep

 

 

Restaurant, taverns and where to eat

 

 

Cultural (and not so cultural) events

 

 

Interesting information and useful tips

 

 

 

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