New York

New York is a state on the Atlantic coast of the United States of America. It is bordered to the north and northwest by the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario, to the east by the states of Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut (from north to south), and to the south by Pennsylvania and New Jersey. New York is the state's largest city, making it the third most populous in the United States. In addition to the Atlantic coast, New York has an inland coast to the large lakes of Ontario and Erie.



Western New York
With Lake Erie and the famous Niagara Falls.
Buffalo Jamestown Niagara Falls Rochester

finger lakes
Named south-east of Lake Ontario after the 11 finger-shaped lakes and the most important wine-growing region in New York.
Auburn Canandaigua Geneva Ithaca Penn Yan Seneca Falls Waterloo

Southern beast
West of the Catskill Mountains and along the Pennsylvania border.
Binghamton · Elmira

Central New York
Region in the heart of Upstate New York with some of the state's must-see cities.
Syracuse Oneida Rome Utica

North Country
The extreme north of New York State just before Canada. Located in the St. Lawrence River, the Thousand Islands form one of the most attractive travel destinations in New York State.
Canton Malone Massena Ogdensburg Plattsburg Watertown

Adirondack Mountains
Dream destination for all outdoor fans: hiking, ice skating and mountaineering included.
Saranac Lake · Lake Placid

Capital District
Around Albany, the capital of the US state of New York.
Amsterdam Glens Falls Rensselaer Saratoga Springs Schenectady Troy

Catskill Mountains
Traditional vacation spot for New Yorkers.
Kingston · Catskill · Woodstock

Shawangunk Ridge
Ridge northwest of New York City.
Middletown Monticello (New York)

Hudson Valley
River valley in the east of the state that has earned the Hudson the nickname "The Rhine of America".
Mt Vernon Newburgh New Rochelle Poughkeepsie Yonkers

Largest metropolis, financial center and cultural capital of the USA.

long Island
Well, every metropolis of millions must also have villa suburbs.



New York City

Albany – Capital of the state
Buffalo – in the west of the state on Lake Erie, "...the swallow is flying over Lake Erie" and..."twenty minutes to Buffalo." Almost everyone knows it from German class and John Maynard is better known here than Fontane, from whom the poem is from.
Syracuse - Central transportation hub of the state
Rochester - University town near Lake Ontario
Niagara Falls - Small town at the falls of the same name


Other destinations

Adirondack State Park is located in a state of New York in United States. It covers an area of 6.1 million acres.

Abandoned ruins of Bannerman Castle is a picturesque structure that implements architecture of the European castle in United States.

Fort Stanwix is a historic military stronghold located in Rome, New York in USA. This star shaped fort covers an area of 16 acres (6.5 ha).

Fort Ticonderoga is a French citadel constructed in 1755- 58 in Ticonderoga, New York State in United States.

Lake Champlain located on the border between Vermont and New York states is claimed to be home of a legendary serpent.

North Brother Island is famous for its abandoned hospital that quarantined patient with transmissible diseases. It most famous patient was typhoid Mary.

Niagara Falls that is located on the border of USA and Canada is one of the most powerful and picturesque waterfalls in the World.

Saratoga National Historic Park protects a site of a battle that was fought here during Revolutionary War.

Smallpox Hospital is an abandoned building of a former medical facility located on Roosevelt Island in the heart of New York City in a state of New York.

Taughannock Falls State Park is famous for its pristine forests and majestic waterfall as well as many other activities available in the park.



New York State has no national parks (the closest being Cuyahoga Valley National Park near Cleveland, Ohio) but 101 state parks, offering hiking and other recreational opportunities in often beautiful scenery. The two largest parks are the Adirondack SP (24,000 km²) and the Catskill SP (2,800 km²).

The largest number of parks can be found in the North Country, including four on Lake Ontario (Long Point SP, Sackets Harbor Battlefield SP, Southwich Beach SP, Westcott Beach SP), several in the Thousand Islands (Burnham Point SP, Canoe Point And Picnic Point SP, Cedar Island SP, Cedar Point SP, Grass Point SP, Keewaydin Point SP, Kring Point SP, Mary Island SP, Wellesley Island SP), others further along the Saint Lawrence River (Jacques Cartier SP, Robert Moses SP, Saint Lawrence SP), at the foot of the Adirondacks (Higley Flow SP, Sand Flats SP, Whetstone Gulf SP) and further east towards Lake Champlain (Cumberland Bay SP, Miner Lake SP).

Western New York has the oldest and most famous New York State Park: Niagara Falls SP, but a number of others, namely on the Niagara River (Brydges SP, Devils Hole SP, Fort Niagara SP, Fourmile Creek SP, Joseph Davis SP, Lower Niagara River SP, Whirlpool SP), on Lake Ontario (Braddock Bay SP, Golden Hill SP, Hamlin Beach SP, Lakeside Beach SP), on Grand Island (Beaver Island SP, Buckhorn Island SP), on Lake Erie (Evangola SP, Lake Erie SP) and on the Pennsylvania border (Allegany SP). Arguably the most beautiful parks, however, are in the Finger Lakes area: Letchworth SP and Watkins Glen SP offer dramatic rocky gorges through which torrential waters tumble; other parks (Buttermilk Falls SP, Fillmore Glen SP, Taughannock Falls SP) are slightly smaller versions of similar scenarios. There is also a Lake Ontario park (Fair Haven Beach SP), Finger Lakes shore parks (Cayuga Lake SP, Sampson SP, Seneca Lake SP, Silver Lake SP) and a historical monument (Boyd-Parker SP). The adjoining Southern Tier has three parks (Chenango Valley SP, Gilbert Lake SP, Stony Brook SP), each of which has very different bodies of water.

In Central New York one finds parks on Lake Ontario (Selkirk Shores SP) and other lake shores (Clark Reservation SP, Green Lakes SP, Verona Beach SP), on river banks (Battle Island SP), in gorges and waterfalls (Boonville Gorge SP, Chittenango Falls SP) and two historical parks (Erie Canal SP, Fort Brewerton SP). The 9 state parks in the Capital District include historical parks (Clermont SP, Saratoga Spa SP, Sir William Johnson SP), waterfront parks (Lake George Beach SP, Lake Taghkanic SP, Moreau Lake SP, Peebles Island SP), and landscape-only parks ( Max V Shaul SP, Thacher SP). The Hudson Valley offers parks directly on the Hudson River (Mills Memorial SP/Norrie SP, Palisades Interstate Park, Rockland Lake SP, Stony Point SP, Storm King SP), a historical park (Mohansic SP), high altitude parks (Bear Mountain SP, High Tor SP , Hook Mountain SP, Hudson Highlands SP, Taconic SP, Tallman Mountain SP) and other landscape parks (Blauvelt SP, Clarence Fahnestock Memorial SP, James Baird SP).

There are no state parks in the metropolitan area of New York City. But there is all the more on Long Island: on the coast (Captree SP, Gilgo SP, Heckscher SP, Hither Hills SP, Jones Beach SP, Orient Beach SP, Sunken Meadow SP, Wildwood SP), on inland waters (Belmont Lake SP, Hempstead Lake SP) and interior landscape parks (Bethpage SP, Caumsett SP, Valley Stream SP).


What to do

The Metropolitan Opera (Met) in New York City is world famous. There are also a number of other opera houses in and around NYC. On the other hand, opera fans are by no means dependent on the big city. Interesting offers can also be found in Upstate. West to Southeast (i.e. towards New York City):

Chautauqua Opera Festival, Chautauqua (summer opera, July and August only)
Syracuse Opera, Syracuse (the premier opera house in Upstate)
Tri-cities Opera, Binghamton
Glimmerglass Opera, Cooperstown (upstate's premier summer opera, July and August only)
Opera Saratoga, Saratoga Springs (Summer Opera, June only)
Caramoor International Music Festival, Katonah (Summer Opera)



New York is mostly known only as a city and less as a state. This state, which was one of the original 13 British colonies, is more than worth seeing. The area of the present state was inhabited by the Lenape, Algonquian and Iroquois tribes before colonization by Europeans. Originally founded by the Dutch in 1621 as the colony of Nieuw Nederland, the area fell to the English in 1664. They share territory in New Jersey and New York, named after the Duke of York. In 1685 New York became a crown colony and three years later became part of the Dominion of New England. One hundred years later, New York becomes the 11th state to become a member of the United States of America. Overall, about a third of the combat operations of the American Revolutionary War took place in New York.



There is no official language in the state of New York; the most spoken language is American English.


Getting here

Plane: Usually you fly to New York City (JFK, Newark or LaGuardia). Buffalo (BUF), Albany (ALB), Rochester (ROC) and Syracuse (SYR) airports are located in the Upstate, but these are only accessible by domestic flights.
Rail: Numerous long-distance Amtrak trains - from Washington, New England, the Midwest, the SouthStates or Canada - serve New York Penn Station. The only high-speed train in the USA (Acela Express) runs on the Boston-NYC-Philadelphia-Washington, DC route. From the direction of Chicago, Montreal or Toronto, trains also run through the northern part of the state (Albany, partly also Syracuse, Rochester, Buffalo).
Road: Interstate 87 connects New York City (260 km) to Montreal, Canada (350 km), while Interstate 90 crosses the state from Springfield, Massachusetts (140 km) in the east through Syracuse (230 km) to Buffalo in the west .



Amtrak trains run several times a day from New York Penn Station to the northern part of the state. You can reach Albany-Rensselaer (approximately every hour) in just over 2½ hours, Syracuse (four times daily) in just under 5½ hours, Rochester in just under 7 hours, Buffalo (three times daily) in 8 hours and the Niagara Falls train station in around 9 hours.

Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) commuter trains run from New York City to Long Island and the northern suburbs (e.g. Yonkers, New Rochelle, White Plains) and through the Hudson Valley to Poughkeepsie.

Apart from that, the car is the preferred means of transport.



The most common quality supermarket chains in New York are IGA, P&C, Stop&Shop, Tops and Wegmans. In contrast to cheap chains like Wal-Mart or ALDI, these almost always offer a good deli, where you can self-cater with cold and warm food.

In New York City, no sales tax is levied on clothing and shoes if the individual items cost less than $110. This saves 8%.



The best restaurant in upstate New York specializing in German cuisine is Rheinblick in Canandaigua.



In summer, i. H. from June, you can expect sunshine and temperatures around 20-30 °C in New York State; it is often even warmer in the New York Metropolitan Area. Copious use of sunscreen lotion with a high sun protection factor and air conditioning in the car are essential. Under no circumstances should children be left in the car.

However, New York State's scenery is at its most scenic during Indian Summer. That's what they call early autumn in the American East, when the greening foliage offers a spectacular play of colors. This spectacle usually reaches its peak in mid-October and lasts little more than 2 weeks; after that the trees are quickly defoliated. This can be followed by more or less violent storms.

The first snow often falls in late October and November, but it can only be reliably expected at the end of December. In the northern part of New York, blizzards, heavy snowfalls, often bring 30 cm of fresh snow overnight. On the edge of the Great Lakes (Lake Erie, Lake Ontario), more than 50 cm of fresh snow often falls overnight. Many parts of upstate New York, such as the Adirondack Mountains, offer excellent winter skiing. Morning temperatures of -25°C are not uncommon in New York, and it can get even colder in the North Country. In the event that you get stuck in the snow, you shouldn't travel by car without woolen blankets.

By the end of March the snow is mostly over (locals can't stand the color white by that time either) and April can bring changeable weather similar to Germany. The first warm days with temperatures above 20 °C usually follow in May. There may be isolated tornadoes in early summer, but they are far less common here than in the south.



By the time the Europeans appeared, the Indian tribes of the Iroquois and Algonquins lived in these places. The development of the region by Europeans began with the exploration of the Hudson (Hudson) River. Giovanni Verrazano visited New York Bay in 1524. In 1609, the navigator Henry Hudson, who served with the Dutch, came down the river to the place where the city of Albany is now located. Here in 1614-1618 there was the first settlement of Fort Nassau. In 1621, this territory was included in the Dutch colonial possessions in North America, called New Netherland. In 1626, the city of New Amsterdam (the future New York) was founded, which became the center of the Dutch colonies. This territory became the object of a long Anglo-Dutch struggle. In 1664, the Dutch governor Peter Stuyvesant, under pressure from the British fleet, surrendered the colony to the British. From 1664 (except 1673-1674) it was owned by the British, who gave their new colony the name New York. In 1664, the territory now known as the state of New Jersey was separated from the colony, a year later the border between New York and Connecticut was established, which has not changed since. In 1688, New York, along with other colonies, became part of the Dominion of New England. After the uprising led by J. Liesler, power in the colony was in the hands of the rebels for two years (1689-1691).

In 1691, after the restoration of the power of the English crown, it was decided to create a legislative assembly. New York was the center of action during the French and Indian Wars, and many times, until the defeat of the French in 1761, was subjected to devastating raids.

During the Revolutionary War, the future state also occupied a strategic position in the plans of the parties. In 1776-77, a number of major clashes took place on its territory. On February 6, 1778, New York ratified the first US constitutional document, the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. In April 1787, New York ratified the US Constitution and in July 1788 became the 11th state with a temporary capital in the city of Kingston (in 1797 the capital was moved to Albany).

By the end of the first quarter of the 19th century, the state had a highly developed agriculture and manufacturing industry with its center in New York. The transportation network developed rapidly, helped by both the presence of natural waterways and the state's location itself. In 1825, the construction of the Erie Canal was completed, in 1831 the first railroad was built connecting Albany and Schenectady, and 25 years later the entire state was covered by a network of railroads. In the 1830s and 1840s, significant changes took place in society: the process of democratization developed, organizations of farmers, women, and abolitionists were actively operating. Reformist tendencies were strong, giving rise to a galaxy of prominent New York politicians, including Martin Van Buren, William Henry Seward, Horace Greeley.

By 1820, New York State ranked first among the states in terms of population.

From 1839, a conflict broke out in the state between farmers, dissatisfied with predatory rent laws, and the government, which lasted until 1846 and was called the Anti-Rent War.

Before the Civil War, it became the leading industrial state of the country; in the American Civil War 1861-1865 participated on the side of the North. More than 500 thousand residents of the state took part in the war, 50 thousand people died. After the war, the economic development of the state continued at the same pace; the second half of the 19th century was characterized by the growth of corporations and the formation of giant trusts, the influx of immigrants from Europe. There was a sharp stratification of society, difficult working conditions worsened, corruption flourished in political life. The dominance of Tammany Hall was finally brought to an end only in the 1930s by the efforts of many prominent politicians, including New York City Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia (1934–1945).

In New York State, in 2009, an amendment to the electoral law was introduced, according to which in all cities of the state, where more than a million people live, all documents related to the election process must be translated into Russian. Russian has become one of eight foreign languages in New York, in which all official campaign materials must be printed. Previously, the list included Spanish, Korean, Filipino, Creole and three dialects of Chinese.

In June 2011, same-sex marriage was legalized in the state.



New York borders Pennsylvania and New Jersey to the south, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Vermont to the east, and the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario to the north and northwest. New York also shares a maritime border with Rhode Island. The state covers an area of just over 141,000 km², making it the 27th largest US state by area.



New York State is characterized by the northern foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. The average height above sea level is between 300 and 1000 m. To the north are the Adirondacks with Mount Marcy, the highest mountain in the state at 1629 m.

In the north, the state borders Lake Erie and Lake Ontario as well as the St. Lawrence River, where there are smaller lowlands. In the southeast is the Hudson River Valley and Long Island, an island approximately 200 km long and 20 to 30 km wide on which large parts of New York City lie.



The Appalachian Mountains, which occupy most of the state, are a folded mountain range. The mountain ranges in the state belong to the northern part of the Appalachians and are therefore around 500 million years old and are among the mountain ranges that were formed by the Caledonian orogeny. However, due to this old age, a lot of material has already been removed. This explains the relatively low altitude that the Appalachians have compared to other fold mountains. The lowlands and Long Island are geological tables.



The soils (especially black earth) are very similar to those in Central Europe and are relatively fertile, but still of low quality. The higher it gets in the Appalachians, the rockier and therefore more infertile the soil becomes. There are no extensive mineral deposits, only small deposits of iron ores, rock salt and petroleum/natural gas as well as lead and zinc.



The entire state of New York has a temperate climate. The average temperature on the coast is around 12 °C. The temperature is around 0 °C in winter (December–March) and around 25–30 °C in summer (June–September). The difference is relatively high for a coastal region, up to 30 °C. The high temperatures in summer are explained by the relatively southern location (approx. 42° n.B.). The cool temperatures of winter result from influences from the Appalachian Mountains. The annual rainfall is approximately 1000 mm, the rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year.

In the Appalachians, on the other hand, temperatures are lower due to the altitude and there is less precipitation. In the winter months the average temperature is down to −10 °C, in summer it is around 20 °C. The amount of precipitation is 200 to 300 mm less than on the coast, but is still evenly distributed. In the northwestern part of the state, along the lakes and St. Lawrence River, the climate differs little from that of the Appalachian Mountains, except that it is somewhat milder due to the lower altitude.



The most important river is the Hudson River, which rises in the north of the state. It has numerous smaller tributaries (e.g. Mohawk River), which also rise in the Appalachians. Other important rivers include the St. Lawrence River, which forms part of the border with Ontario, the Susquehanna River and the Delaware River.

The state lies on Lake Erie to the west and Lake Ontario to the northwest. There are also a number of small and medium-sized lakes (e.g. the Finger Lakes with Seneca Lake, Cayuga Lake and Oneida Lake, Lake George and Lake Champlain, which forms the border with the state of Vermont in the northeast), as well as many waterfalls ( e.g. Niagara Falls or Taughannock Falls).



Much of the state's area is covered by deciduous mixed deciduous forests and grassland; at higher elevations in the Appalachians, mixed deciduous forests predominate.



GDP of New York State 2016: approx. 1,487 billion US dollars (share of total US GDP: 8.1%)

New York State GDP per capita 2016: $75,360 (US average $57,118)

Economic growth (2014): 2.5% (US average: 2.2%)

Unemployment rate (November 2017): 4.7% (national average: 4.1%).


Economic sectors

Overall, the New York economic area is characterized by the secondary (industry) and tertiary (services) economic sectors. Agriculture (mixed and traditional) and fishing play a relatively minor role. Fruit (especially apples, strawberries and cherries) is grown on the Hudson and Lake Ontario, and small amounts of wheat are also grown in the Rochester area. There are also small wine-growing areas. Livestock is also raised in the hillier areas. The state of New York is therefore one of the largest milk producers in the USA. The farms are small; the “agribusiness” that is common in the Midwest and South of the USA does not exist here because the areas are relatively small. Raw material extraction, which is also part of the primary sector, is carried out primarily in the north of the state. Iron ore and steel refiners are mined in a few places, as are rock salts (in the Rochester area), and small amounts of oil and natural gas in the Southwest. Industry plays a major role in the medium-sized cities (Buffalo, Rochester, Albany), and the entire state of New York belongs to the Manufacturing Belt. The most important industrial sectors are mechanical and vehicle construction as well as electrical engineering. The basis for this is iron and steel production, which is primarily carried out in and around Buffalo.

Electrical engineering and printing are among the most important industries in the New York City region. Nevertheless, this region occupies an exceptional position because services are by far the most important economic sector here. Numerous companies in the high-tech industry (e.g. IBM), banking and finance (e.g. Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan) and influential newspapers (e.g. The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal) and television channels (e.g. NBC, HBO) are based in New York City, as is the world's most important stock exchange (New York Stock Exchange). In addition, New York City is home to numerous important academic (e.g. New York University, Columbia University) and cultural (e.g. Metropolitan Opera, Museum of Modern Art) institutions in a very small area.



The infrastructure is well developed in the state of New York; the New York State Department of Transportation, in particular, is responsible for planning, construction and maintenance, along with other authorities. Several highways connect New York City with the cities on the Great Lakes as well as with other states, especially New Jersey, which is home to many people who work in New York City. Only in the southwest of the state is the road network very wide-meshed, although there is little need there due to the low population density.

Long-distance passenger rail transport within New York is only available with the so-called Empire Service, which runs the New York – Albany main line every day with twelve pairs of trains, three of which continue to Niagara Falls and one of which to Toronto; There is also a connecting connection to Chicago once a day in Buffalo. Two pairs of trains run daily between New York and Glens Falls, one of which continues to Montreal. In New York City there are excellent connections on the relatively well-developed Amtrak Acela route Boston - NYC - Philadelphia - Baltimore - Washington, D.C., from whose respective endpoints the rest of the East Coast can be reached.

What is rather atypical for the USA, however, is the extensive and heavily used subway and regional train network in the city of New York. This network relieves pressure on the roads, which often already have large traffic jams.

New York City has J. F. Kennedy Airport (mainly for international flights), the thirteenth largest airport in the world (41.9 million passengers in 2005; sixth largest airport in the USA). Another airport is La Guardia Airport, which is mainly used for domestic flights. A good 25 million passengers were handled there in 2006. Other airports are in Albany, Rochester, Buffalo (Buffalo Niagara International Airport and Buffalo Municipal Airport) and Syracuse, i.e. in every major city.

The Port of New York is the largest seaport on the US East Coast. Container throughput has increased enormously, especially at the Newark (NJ) location of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.

An important inland port is that of the city of Buffalo. Raw materials are primarily used here for industries based in New York State, such as: B. coal, iron ores and steel. The Erie Canal also flows here, connecting Lake Erie to the Atlantic Ocean via the Hudson.

As is the case throughout the United States, not all residents in New York State have access to clean drinking water: lead pipes in the local water supply are still relatively widespread; Drinking water often contains relatively high levels of fertilizers and industrial chemicals, even in larger cities; and in rural areas, many families still rely on their own groundwater wells, which often do not provide very clean water.

The telecommunications network (including the Internet) is relatively well developed, but there are gaps in the less densely populated parts of the state, and as throughout the United States, Internet connections are relatively slow and expensive compared to most advanced nations.

The electricity supply is very good, but these supply networks are also in great need of renovation, which repeatedly leads to power outages due to storms. In 2019, 27% of electricity came from renewable energies, and 88% of this came from hydropower. New York's 2020 Clean Energy Standard regulation mandates that renewable energy contribute 70% of electricity generation in 2030 and that this should increase to 100% by 2040.

New York's last coal-fired power plant closed in early 2020, and since then most of its share has been generated by natural gas and two nuclear power plants with multiple nuclear reactors.

Fitzpatrick Nuclear Power Station. Construction began in 1970, a boiling water reactor, 852 MW (net)
Nine Mile Point nuclear power plant project started in 1963, two boiling water reactors, together 1756 MW (net)
The Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant in Buchanan, approximately 55 km north of New York City - two pressurized water reactors, built in 1966 and 1969, 1020 and 1025 MW (net) - was shut down on April 30, 2021.



Governor and state government

The state's governor has been Kathy Hochul from the Democratic Party since August 24, 2021.

The governor exercises executive power at the state level, meaning he leads the state government and determines policy guidelines. He has the right to pardon, appoints high-ranking officials and judges to the Federal Constitutional Court and plays a central role in legislation by signing or vetoing legislative resolutions. He is also commander in chief of the New York National Guard and represents the state externally. The governor is elected directly by the people every four years. Other important members of the executive branch are the Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney General, the Secretary of State and the State Treasurer (roughly equivalent to a Secretary of the Treasury).


State Legislature

State legislative power is exercised by the New York State Legislature. It consists of a State Senate with 63 directly elected senators and the State Assembly with 150 directly elected representatives. The terms of office are four and two years respectively. Since the 2018 state legislative elections, Democrats have had a clear majority in both chambers. The seat of the State Legislature is the Capitol in Albany, the state capital.


Presidential elections and Congress

Between 1809 and 1972, New York was the state with the most electoral votes in the Electoral College of presidential elections, but is now only fourth in this regard behind California, Texas and Florida. The state is of great importance to the Democratic Party of the USA; It is considered a Democratic stronghold and the last time a majority voted for the Republican candidate in a presidential election was in 1984. In the last elections, the Democrats in New York achieved results that were always just below or even above 60 percent. However, this concentration is limited to the cities of New York City, Buffalo and Rochester; As in other states in the USA, the rural population overwhelmingly votes Republican.

It's also worth mentioning that New York Republicans, who have played a major role in the Democratic-leaning state over the past decade, tend to be on the left wing of their party. George Pataki and Rudy Giuliani should be mentioned here. Synonymous with “moderate Republican” is the former US Vice President and Governor of New York State Nelson Rockefeller.


Environmental policy

In August 2020, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation published a proposed law to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and thereby implement the Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act. The proposal calls for an initial 40 percent reduction in methane and other harmful gases by 2030 and an 85 percent reduction by 2050. In addition, a carbon-free electricity system must be created by 2040.



New York State is an important educational location in the USA. The most important state universities are grouped into the State University of New York and the City University of New York. The best-known private universities are Columbia University, Cornell University and New York University. Other well-known private colleges include Fordham University, Hofstra University, Long Island University, St. John's University, Syracuse University, University of Rochester, and Yeshiva University. Other universities are included in the list of universities in New York.

Lake Placid hosted the 1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics. Lake Placid is one of only three locations to host the Winter Games twice.



Important destinations for the Americans are Long Island (many beaches and large fish reserves for fishing), a few small towns in the Appalachians (winter sports resorts), and almost the entire state in autumn, when the leaves of the deciduous trees of many different, exceptionally intense colors are obtained. New York City is very interesting with its many cultural institutions (Metropolitan Opera, Museum of Modern Art, Guggenheim Museum) and famous buildings (Statue of Liberty, Empire State Building, Chrysler Building).

Overall, tourism is becoming more and more important because it is becoming more popular to spend your summer vacation on Long Island again. The increase in airfares in recent years is the reason why many Americans no longer fly to the Caribbean or even further (e.g. to Hawaii). The winter sports areas are still very poorly developed. Indian Summer is still popular.