Ivolginsky Datsan is one of the best known and most
visited datsan in Buryatia (center of the Russian Buddhism) as well as
Asia. The site of Ivolginsky Datsan is
located close to Verkhnyaya Ivolga (Верхняя Иволга)village.The name of destination comes from a
name for a bird "ivolga" or Golden Oriole and "datsan" a term used to
describe monasteries that often contains an university. Buddhist university
"Gandan Dashi Choinkhorlina" (Tibetan for "monastery Wheel
Teachings, bringing joy and perfect hapiness") was opened in 1991 on the grounds of Ivolginsky Datsan.
History of Ivolginsky Datsan began in 1945 shortly after
completion of World War II when numerous requests were made by the
locals for a construction of religious complex. Village of Ivolga was
chosen for a location of first buildings. They took one of the Russian
houses and added some Asian wooden details to make it more Tibetan. The
first open service "Sahyuusan Khurai" was held by gebshi Galsan Haydub.
Despite official atheism stance of the Soviet Union, authorities allowed
portion of the land to be given to a new religious and education