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Sibenik

Šibenik

 

 

Location: Dalmatia  Map

www.sibenik.hr

 

 

 

Description of Sibenik

Šibenik is a city in Croatia. It is located in the central area of Dalmatia, in modern Croatia, next to the mouth of the Krka river on the Adriatic coast. It has a population of 51 553 inhabitants (2001); Šibenik is the political, educational, transportation, industrial and tourist center of the region called Šibenik-Knin. The predominant ethnic group is Croatian, which constitutes 94% of the population (2001 census). In Sibenik there are 2 national parks: Krka and Kornati. Sibenik is a coastal Croatian town in northern Dalmatia region of Croatia. Sibenik is most famous for its Cathedral of Saint James as well as other notable churches and military fortifications from different time periods.

 

Travel Destinations in Sibenik

 

Church of St Barbara (Sibenik)

 

Kralja Tomislava

Church of Saint Barbara is a modest sized Roman Catholic church in the historic part of Sibenik.

Cathedral of Saint James (Sibenik)

Fort of St. Michael (Sibenik)

 

Tel. (022) 214 448

Fort of Saint Michael is a strong point in the military defenses of Sibenik. It was found to defend the city and Adriatic Sea against incursions by the battleships of the Ottoman Turkish empire.

Fort of St. Nicholas (Sibenik)

 

 

Tel. (022) 214 448

Fort of Saint Nicholas is part of defensive complex constructed on the island Ljuljevac at the entrance of the Saint Anthony (Sveti Ante). It was named after a Roman Catholic monastery dedicated to Saint Nicholas that once stood here. Military necessity and a Turkish threat forced residents of Sibenik to demolish the cloister and begin construction of a fort on 30 April 1525 under supervision of a Venetian architect Hyeronimus di San Michaela. Fort of Saint Nicholas housed 32 cannons and presented a formidable defense against Ottoman battleships.

 

Church of St. Francis

Trg Nikole Tomaszea 1

Tel. (022) 212 075

 

Count’s Palace- Civic Museum

Gradska Vrata 3

(022) 213 880

 

Fort of St. John

Tel. (022) 214 448

Subicevac Fort

(022) 214 448

 

Old Loggia

Trg Republike Hrvatske

 

Foscolo Palace

Andrihe Kacice

 

 

 

 

History of Šibenik

Šibenik first appears with this name in 1066 in a letter of the Croatian king Petar Krešimir IV. Unlike other Dalmatian cities founded by the Illyrians, Greeks and Romans, Šibenik is the oldest city founded by native Dalmatians on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea. Šibenik obtained the title of city and its own diocese in 1298. The excavations carried out in the castle of Saint Michael (at the top of the hill where the city is installed), show that this place was already inhabited long before the arrival of the Dalmatians.

The city, like the rest of Dalmatia, resisted the Venetians until 1412. The Ottomans tried unsuccessfully to take the city at the end of the 15th century. In the sixteenth century the fortress of Saint Nicholas was built. During the XVII the fortifications of the city were improved with the construction of the fortresses of Saint John (Tanaja) and Šubicevac (Barone).

The fall of the Republic of Venice in 1797 left Šibenik under the control of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the First World War it became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During the Second World War it was occupied by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. After the Second World War, it became part of the Federal Democratic Republic of Yugoslavia until the independence of Croatia in 1991. On September 16 of that year, Šibenik was harshly attacked by land, sea and air by the forces of the Yugoslav army as part of the offensive launched to prevent Croatia's independence. The theater of Šibenik, built in 1870 and which was the largest and one of the most beautiful in the country, was completely destroyed by the impact of a grenade. Subsequently restored, the official reopening took place in 2001.

 

 

 

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