Amman (Jebel al-Qala'a)



Location: Amman Governorate Map


In the XIII century BC e. the city of Amman (then called Rabbat Ammon) was the capital of the kingdom of Ammon. This territory was later conquered by the ancient Assyrians, even later by the Persians, then the Greeks. Ptolemy II, the Greek ruler of Egypt, renamed it Philadelphia. The city became part of the Nabataean kingdom until the year 106 A.D. e., when Philadelphia came under Roman control and joined the Decapolis.

In 326 AD e. Christianity became the main religion of the Byzantine Empire, and Philadelphia became the seat of the diocese at the beginning of the Byzantine era. One of the churches of this period is located in the citadel of the city.

Philadelphia was renamed Amman during the Hassanid era. The city was destroyed by several earthquakes and natural disasters and remained a small city and a pile of ruins until 1887. Everything changed when the Ottoman Sultan decided to build the Hijaz railway, connecting Damascus and Medina through Amman, facilitating both the annual hajj pilgrimage and constant trade.

Geography and climate
The city is located 35 km northeast of the Dead Sea, 110 km east of the Mediterranean Sea and 65 km east of Jerusalem.

The city is located on seven hills, which are represented on the flag of Jordan by a seven-pointed star.

Amman's climate is close to the Mediterranean, but still more continental. The high altitude (773 m) also affects. All precipitation falls strictly in the winter, in winter snow often falls and frosts are frequent. Strong fogs are very frequent in the city.


Travel Destinations in Amman

Amman is one of the largest and most prosperous cities in Jordan. Although the new parts of the city provide all the comforts of the civilization it is usually the old part of Amman that draws tourists, in particular the area of the city known as citadel. Through time it changed inhabitants and names. Amman was known as Rabat Amon (Rabbath Ammon) and Philadelphia in the past. With 10500 years of human settlement this site is history in stone with ruins and artifacts from each time period. You can purchase tickets at the entrance.


The Citadel (Amman)


Jordan Archaeological Museum (Amman)


Governor's Palace (Amman)


Water Cistern (Amman)

Temple of Hercules (Amman)


Umayyad Mosque (Amman)


Byzantine Basilica (Amman)


Roman Forum (Amman)


Ammonite Watch Tower (Amman)

Roman Amphitheatre (Amman)


Nymphaeum (Amman)


King Abdullah I Mosque (Amman)


Jordan University Mosque (Amman)


Royal Automobile Museum (Amman)


Currency Museum (Amman)

Abu Darwish Mosque (Amman)


Raghadan Palace (Amman)


Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts (Amman)


Royal Cultural Center (Amman)